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Title: SU-G-201-17: Verification of Dose Distributions From High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy Ir-192 Source Using a Multiple-Array-Diode-Detector (MapCheck2)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate quantitatively the accuracy of dose distributions for the Ir-192 high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy source calculated by the Brachytherapy-Planning system (BPS) and measured using a multiple-array-diode-detector in a heterogeneous medium. Methods: A two-dimensional diode-array-detector system (MapCheck2) was scanned with a catheter and the CT-images were loaded into the Varian-Brachytherapy-Planning which uses TG-43-formalism for dose calculation. Treatment plans were calculated for different combinations of one dwell-position and varying irradiation times and different-dwell positions and fixed irradiation time with the source placed 12mm from the diode-array plane. The calculated dose distributions were compared to the measured doses with MapCheck2 delivered by an Ir-192-source from a Nucletron-Microselectron-V2-remote-after-loader. The linearity of MapCheck2 was tested for a range of dwell-times (2–600 seconds). The angular effect was tested with 30 seconds irradiation delivered to the central-diode and then moving the source away in increments of 10mm. Results: Large differences were found between calculated and measured dose distributions. These differences are mainly due to absence of heterogeneity in the dose calculation and diode-artifacts in the measurements. The dose differences between measured and calculated due to heterogeneity ranged from 5%–12% depending on the position of the source relative to the diodes in MapCheck2 and different heterogeneities inmore » the beam path. The linearity test of the diode-detector showed 3.98%, 2.61%, and 2.27% over-response at short irradiation times of 2, 5, and 10 seconds, respectively, and within 2% for 20 to 600 seconds (p-value=0.05) which depends strongly on MapCheck2 noise. The angular dependency was more pronounced at acute angles ranging up to 34% at 5.7 degrees. Conclusion: Large deviations between measured and calculated dose distributions for HDR-brachytherapy with Ir-192 may be improved when considering medium heterogeneity and dose-artifact of the diodes. This study demonstrates that multiple-array-diode-detectors provide practical and accurate dosimeter to verify doses delivered from the brachytherapy Ir-192-source.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22649259
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; BRACHYTHERAPY; CAT SCANNING; IRIDIUM 192; IRRADIATION; RADIATION DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS

Citation Formats

Harpool, K, De La Fuente Herman, T, Ahmad, S, and Ali, I. SU-G-201-17: Verification of Dose Distributions From High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy Ir-192 Source Using a Multiple-Array-Diode-Detector (MapCheck2). United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4956890.
Harpool, K, De La Fuente Herman, T, Ahmad, S, & Ali, I. SU-G-201-17: Verification of Dose Distributions From High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy Ir-192 Source Using a Multiple-Array-Diode-Detector (MapCheck2). United States. doi:10.1118/1.4956890.
Harpool, K, De La Fuente Herman, T, Ahmad, S, and Ali, I. Wed . "SU-G-201-17: Verification of Dose Distributions From High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy Ir-192 Source Using a Multiple-Array-Diode-Detector (MapCheck2)". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4956890.
@article{osti_22649259,
title = {SU-G-201-17: Verification of Dose Distributions From High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy Ir-192 Source Using a Multiple-Array-Diode-Detector (MapCheck2)},
author = {Harpool, K and De La Fuente Herman, T and Ahmad, S and Ali, I},
abstractNote = {Purpose: To investigate quantitatively the accuracy of dose distributions for the Ir-192 high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy source calculated by the Brachytherapy-Planning system (BPS) and measured using a multiple-array-diode-detector in a heterogeneous medium. Methods: A two-dimensional diode-array-detector system (MapCheck2) was scanned with a catheter and the CT-images were loaded into the Varian-Brachytherapy-Planning which uses TG-43-formalism for dose calculation. Treatment plans were calculated for different combinations of one dwell-position and varying irradiation times and different-dwell positions and fixed irradiation time with the source placed 12mm from the diode-array plane. The calculated dose distributions were compared to the measured doses with MapCheck2 delivered by an Ir-192-source from a Nucletron-Microselectron-V2-remote-after-loader. The linearity of MapCheck2 was tested for a range of dwell-times (2–600 seconds). The angular effect was tested with 30 seconds irradiation delivered to the central-diode and then moving the source away in increments of 10mm. Results: Large differences were found between calculated and measured dose distributions. These differences are mainly due to absence of heterogeneity in the dose calculation and diode-artifacts in the measurements. The dose differences between measured and calculated due to heterogeneity ranged from 5%–12% depending on the position of the source relative to the diodes in MapCheck2 and different heterogeneities in the beam path. The linearity test of the diode-detector showed 3.98%, 2.61%, and 2.27% over-response at short irradiation times of 2, 5, and 10 seconds, respectively, and within 2% for 20 to 600 seconds (p-value=0.05) which depends strongly on MapCheck2 noise. The angular dependency was more pronounced at acute angles ranging up to 34% at 5.7 degrees. Conclusion: Large deviations between measured and calculated dose distributions for HDR-brachytherapy with Ir-192 may be improved when considering medium heterogeneity and dose-artifact of the diodes. This study demonstrates that multiple-array-diode-detectors provide practical and accurate dosimeter to verify doses delivered from the brachytherapy Ir-192-source.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4956890},
journal = {Medical Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}