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Title: SU-F-T-625: Optimal Treatment Planning Strategy Among Arc Arrangements for Prostate SBRT with VMAT Technique

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the optimal treatment planning strategy among the different arc arrangements for prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) plans with volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Methods: Ten patients with prostate cancer were selected. The SBRT-VMAT plans for each patient were generated with single-full (181° to 179°; 1FA), single-partial (240° to 120°; 1PA), double-full (181° to 179° and 179° to 181°; 2FA), and double-partial (240° to 120° and 120° to 240°; 2PA) arc arrangements. The prescription dose was 42.7 Gy in 7 fractions. Dose distribution was calculated using a 10-MV flattening-filter-free beam and the Acuros XB algorithm. Dosimetric parameters of target volume and organs at risk (OARs) were evaluated from cumulative dose-volume histograms on prostate SBRT-VMAT plans between single-arc (1FA and 1PA) and double-arc (2FA and 2PA) arrangements. Results: All plans using four arc arrangements were highly conformal with conformity index (CI)<1.05 and conformation number (CN)=0.91, and the doses to target volume were homogeneous (homogeneity index (HI)= 0.09 0.12). Pertaining to the dose to the OARs, there were significant differences in the rectum, left and right femoral head doses while having no difference in the bladder dose. The partial-arc (1PA and 2PA) had relativelymore » high reductions for the mean rectum dose compared to full-arc (1FA and 2FA). The near-to-maximum dose (D2%) and mean dose of the left and right femoral head were always lower on prostate SBRT-VMAT plan using the full-arc, when compared to the partial-arc arrangement. Conclusion: This study confirmed that prostate SBRT-VMAT using 1PA was feasible fast delivery time and produced equivalent target coverage and better rectum sparing, although the D2% and mean dose of the left and right femoral head increased slightly. Therefore, the results of this study suggest that the use of 1PA is an attractive choice for delivering prostate SBRT-VMAT.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3]
  1. Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Kyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of)
  2. The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
  3. Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22649186
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; PLANNING; PROSTATE; RADIATION DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS; RADIOTHERAPY; RECTUM

Citation Formats

Chung, J, Kim, J, Eom, K, Kang, S, Suh, T, and Lee, J. SU-F-T-625: Optimal Treatment Planning Strategy Among Arc Arrangements for Prostate SBRT with VMAT Technique. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4956810.
Chung, J, Kim, J, Eom, K, Kang, S, Suh, T, & Lee, J. SU-F-T-625: Optimal Treatment Planning Strategy Among Arc Arrangements for Prostate SBRT with VMAT Technique. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4956810.
Chung, J, Kim, J, Eom, K, Kang, S, Suh, T, and Lee, J. Wed . "SU-F-T-625: Optimal Treatment Planning Strategy Among Arc Arrangements for Prostate SBRT with VMAT Technique". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4956810.
@article{osti_22649186,
title = {SU-F-T-625: Optimal Treatment Planning Strategy Among Arc Arrangements for Prostate SBRT with VMAT Technique},
author = {Chung, J and Kim, J and Eom, K and Kang, S and Suh, T and Lee, J},
abstractNote = {Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the optimal treatment planning strategy among the different arc arrangements for prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) plans with volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Methods: Ten patients with prostate cancer were selected. The SBRT-VMAT plans for each patient were generated with single-full (181° to 179°; 1FA), single-partial (240° to 120°; 1PA), double-full (181° to 179° and 179° to 181°; 2FA), and double-partial (240° to 120° and 120° to 240°; 2PA) arc arrangements. The prescription dose was 42.7 Gy in 7 fractions. Dose distribution was calculated using a 10-MV flattening-filter-free beam and the Acuros XB algorithm. Dosimetric parameters of target volume and organs at risk (OARs) were evaluated from cumulative dose-volume histograms on prostate SBRT-VMAT plans between single-arc (1FA and 1PA) and double-arc (2FA and 2PA) arrangements. Results: All plans using four arc arrangements were highly conformal with conformity index (CI)<1.05 and conformation number (CN)=0.91, and the doses to target volume were homogeneous (homogeneity index (HI)= 0.09 0.12). Pertaining to the dose to the OARs, there were significant differences in the rectum, left and right femoral head doses while having no difference in the bladder dose. The partial-arc (1PA and 2PA) had relatively high reductions for the mean rectum dose compared to full-arc (1FA and 2FA). The near-to-maximum dose (D2%) and mean dose of the left and right femoral head were always lower on prostate SBRT-VMAT plan using the full-arc, when compared to the partial-arc arrangement. Conclusion: This study confirmed that prostate SBRT-VMAT using 1PA was feasible fast delivery time and produced equivalent target coverage and better rectum sparing, although the D2% and mean dose of the left and right femoral head increased slightly. Therefore, the results of this study suggest that the use of 1PA is an attractive choice for delivering prostate SBRT-VMAT.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4956810},
journal = {Medical Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}
  • Purpose: This study was designed to investigate an appropriate arc span for intact partial Left breast irradiation by VMAT planning. Methods: Four cases of carcinoma left intact breast was chosen randomly for this study. Both medial tangential and left-lateral tangential arc (G20°, G25°, G30°, G35°, G40°) were used having the same length and bilaterally symmetric. For each patient base plan was generated for 30° arc and rest of other arc plans were generated by keeping all plan parameters same, only arc span were changed. All patient plans were generated on treatment planning system Monaco (V 5.00.02) for 50 Gy dosemore » in 25 fractions. PTV contours were clipped 3 mm from skin (patient). All plans were normalized in such a way that 95 % of prescription dose would cover 96 % of PTV volume. Results: Mean MU for 20°, 25°, 30°, 35° and 40° were 509 ± 18.8, 529.1 ± 20.2, 544.4 ± 20.8, 579.1 ±51.8, 607.2 ± 40.2 similarly mean hot spot (volume covered by 105% of prescription dose) were 2.9 ± 1.2, 3.7 ± 3.0, 1.5 ± 1.7, 1.3±0.6, 0.4 ± 0.4, mean contralateral breast dose (cGy) were 180.4 ± 242.3, 71.5 ± 52.7, 76.2 ± 58.8, 85.9 ± 70.5, 90.7 ± 70.1, mean heart dose (cGy) were 285.8 ± 87.2, 221.2 ± 62.8, 274.5 ± 95.5, 234.8 ± 73.8, 263.2 ± 81.6, V20 for ipsilateral lung were 15.4 ± 5.3, 14.3 ± 3.6, 15.3 ± 2.9, 14.2 ± 3.9, 14.7 ± 3.2 and V5 for ipsilateral lung were 33.9 ± 8.2, 31.0 ± 3.5, 42.6 ±15.6, 36.4 ± 12.9, 37.0 ± 7.5. Conclusion: The study concluded that appropriate arc span used for tangential intact breast treatment was optimally 30° because larger arc span were giving lower isodose spill in ipsilateral lung and smaller arc were giving heterogeneous dose distribution in PTV.« less
  • Purpose: To commission the Monaco Treatment Planning System for the Novalis Tx machine. Methods: The commissioning of Monte-Carlo (MC), Collapsed Cone (CC) and electron Monte-Carlo (eMC) beam models was performed through a series of measurements and calculations in medium and in water. In medium measurements relied Octavius 4D QA system with the 1000 SRS detector array for field sizes less than 4 cm × 4 cm and the 1500 detector array for larger field sizes. Heterogeneity corrections were validated using a custom built phantom. Prior to clinical implementation, an end to end testing of a Prostate and H&N VMAT plansmore » was performed. Results: Using a 0.5% uncertainty and 2 mm grid sizes, Tables I and II summarize the MC validation at 6 MV and 18 MV in both medium and water. Tables III and IV show similar comparisons for CC. Using the custom heterogeneity phantom setup of Figure 1 and IGRT guidance summarized in Figure 2, Table V lists the percent pass rate for a 2%, 2 mm gamma criteria at 6 and 18 MV for both MC and CC. The relationship between MC calculations settings of uncertainty and grid size and the gamma passing rate for a prostate and H&N case is shown in Table VI. Table VII lists the results of the eMC calculations compared to measured data for clinically available applicators and Table VIII for small field cutouts. Conclusion: MU calculations using MC are highly sensitive to uncertainty and grid size settings. The difference can be of the order of several per cents. MC is superior to CC for small fields and when using heterogeneity corrections, regardless of field size, making it more suitable for SRS, SBRT and VMAT deliveries. eMC showed good agreement with measurements down to 2 cm − 2 cm field size.« less
  • Purpose: Due to the high dose per fraction in SBRT, dose conformity and dose fall-off are critical. In patients with cervical cancer, rapid dose fall-off is particularly important to limit dose to the nearby rectum, small bowel, and bladder. This study compares the target volume dose fall-off for two radiation delivery techniques, fixed-field IMRT & VMAT, using non-coplanar beam geometries. Further comparisons are made between 6 and 10MV photon beam energies. Methods: Eleven (n=11) patients were planned in Pinnacle3 v9.10 with a NovalisTx (HD120 MLC) machine model using 6 and 10 MV photons. The following three techniques were used: (1)more » IMRT (10 non-coplanar beams) (2) Dual, coplanar 360° VMAT arcs (4° spacing), and (3) Triple, non-coplanar VMAT arcs (1 full arc and dual partial arcs). All plans were normalized such that 98% of the PTV received at least 28Gy/4Fx. Dose was calculated using a 2.0mm isotropic dose grid. To assess dose fall-off, twenty concentric 2mm thick rings were created around the PTV. The maximum dose in each ring was recorded and the data was fitted to model dose fall-off. A separate analysis was performed by separating target volumes into small (0–50cc), medium (51–80cc), and large (81–110cc). Results: Triple, non-coplanar VMAT arcs showed the best dose fall-off for all patients evaluated. All fitted regressions had an R{sup 2}≥0.99. At 10mm from the PTV edge, 10 MV VMAT3-arc had an absolute improvement in dose fall-off of 3.8% and 6.9% over IMRT and VMAT2-arc, respectively. At 30mm, 10 MV VMAT3-arc had an absolute improvement of 12.0% and 7.0% over IMRT and VMAT2-arc, respectively. Faster dose fall-off was observed for small volumes as opposed to medium and large ones—9.6% at 20mm. Conclusion: Triple, non-coplanar VMAT arcs offer the sharpest dose fall-off for cervical SBRT plans. This improvement is most pronounced when treating smaller target volumes.« less
  • Purpose: Due to limited commissioning time, we previously only released our True beam non-FFF mode for prostate treatment. Clinical demand now pushes us to release the non-FFF mode for SRT/SBRT treatment. When re-planning on True beam previously treated SRT/SBRT cases on iX machine we found the patient specific QA pass rate was worse than iX’s, though the 2Gy/fx prostate Result had been as good. We hypothesize that in TPS the True beam DLG and MLC transmission values, of those measured during commissioning could not yet provide accurate SRS/SBRT dosimetry. Hence this work is to investigate how the TPS DLG andmore » transmission value affects Rapid Arc plans’ dosimetric accuracy. Methods: We increased DLG and transmission value of True beam in TPS such that their percentage differences against the measured matched those of iX’s. We re-calculated 2 SRT, 1 SBRT and 2 prostate plans, performed patient specific QA on these new plans and compared the results to the previous. Results: With DLG and transmission value set respectively 40 and 8% higher than the measured, the patient specific QA pass rate (at 3%/3mm) improved from 95.0 to 97.6% vs previous iX’s 97.8% in the case of SRT. In the case of SBRT, the pass rate improved from 75.2 to 93.9% vs previous iX’s 92.5%. In the case of prostate, the pass rate improved from 99.3 to 100%. The maximum dose difference in plans before and after adjusting DLG and transmission was approximately 1% of the prescription dose among all plans. Conclusion: The impact of adjusting DLG and transmission value on dosimetry might be the same among all Rapid Arc plans regardless hypofractionated or not. The large variation observed in patient specific QA pass rate might be due to the data analysis method in the QA software being more sensitive to hypofractionated plans.« less
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dosimetric and practical effects of the Monaco treatment planning system “max arcs-per-beam” optimization parameter in pelvic radiotherapy treatments. Methods: A total of 17 previously treated patients were selected for this study with a range of pelvic disease site including prostate(9), bladder(1), uterus(3), rectum(3), and cervix(1). For each patient, two plans were generated, one using a arc-per-beam setting of ‘1’ and another with setting of ‘2’. The setting allows the optimizer to add a gantry direction change, creating multiple arc passes per beam sequence. Volumes and constraints established from the initialmore » clinical treatments were used for planning. All constraints and dose coverage objects were kept the same between plans, and all plans were normalized to 99.7% to ensure 100% of the PTV received 95% of the prescription dose. We evaluated the PTV conformity index, homogeneity index, total monitor units, number of control points, and various dose volume histogram (DVH) points for statistical comparison (alpha=0.05). Results: We found for the 10 complex shaped target volumes (small central volumes with extending bilateral ‘arms’ to cover nodal regions) that the use of 2 arcs-per-beam achieved significantly lower average DVH values for the bladder V20 (p=0.036) and rectum V30 (p=0.001) while still meeting the high dose target constraints. DVH values for the simpler, more spherical PTVs were not found significantly different. Additionally, we found a beam delivery time reduction of approximately 25%. Conclusion: In summary, the dosimetric benefit, while moderate, was improved over a 1 arc-per-beam setting for complex PTVs, and equivalent in other cases. The overall reduced delivery time suggests that the use of multiple arcs-per-beam could lead to reduced patient on table time, increased clinical throughput, and reduced medical physics quality assurance effort.« less