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Title: SU-F-T-606: Monte Carlo Evaluation of Tissue Inhomogeneity Corrections in the Treatment of Liver Cancer Patients Using Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the dosimetric performance of X-ray Voxel Monte Carlo(XVMC) algorithm in effort to clinically validate Monte Carlo-approach in heterogeneous liver phantom and liver SBRT plans. Methods: An anthropomorphic RPC liver phantom incorporating a liver structure with two cylindrical targets and organs-at-risk (OARs) was used in phantom validation. Subsequently, five patients with metastatic liver cancer were treated using heterogeneity-corrected pencil-beam(PB-hete)algorithm were analyzed following RTOG-1112 criteria .ITV was delineated on MinIP and OARs were contoured on MeanIP images of 4D-CT. PTV was generated from ITV with 5-10mm uniform margin. Mean PTV was 81.3±46.4cc. Prescription was 30–45Gy in 5 fractions, with at least PTV(D95%)=100%. Hybrid SBRT plans were generated with noncoplanar/3D-conformal arcs plus static-beams at Novalis-TX consisting of HD-MLC and 6MV-SRS. SBRT plans were re-computed using XVMC algorithm utilizing identical beam-geometry, MLC-positions, and monitor units and subsequently compared to clinical PB-hete plans. Results: Our results using RPC liver motion phantom validation were all compliance with MD Anderson standards. However, compared to PB-hete, average target volume encompassed by the prescribed percent isodose (Vp) was 9.1% and 8.5% less for PTV1 and PTV2 with XVMC. For the clinical liver SBRT plans, PB-hete systematically overestimated PTV dose (D95, Dmean and D10) within ±2.0% (p<0.05)more » compared to XVMC. Mean value of Vp was about 3.8% less with XVMC compared to PB-hete (ranged 2.9–5.7% (p<0.003)). However, mean liver dose (MLD) was 3.2% higher (p<0.003), on average, with XVMC compared to clinical PB-hete (ranged −1.0to−3.9%). OARs doses were statistically insignificant. Conclusion: Results from our XVMC dose calculations and validation study for liver SBRT indicate small-to-moderate under-dosing of the tumor volume when compared to PB-hete. Results were consistent with phantom validation and patients plans. However, Vp was less by up to 5.7% for some liver SBRT patients with XVMC–suggesting under-dosing of the target volume and overdosing of MLD by up to 3.9% occurred with PB-hete plan. These differences between PB-hete and XVMC dose calculations may be of clinical interest.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. University of Kansas Hospital, Kansas City, KS (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22649173
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; ALGORITHMS; LIVER; MONTE CARLO METHOD; NEOPLASMS; PATIENTS; PHANTOMS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; VALIDATION; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Pokhrel, D, Sood, S, Badkul, R, McClinton, C, Jiang, H, Saleh, H, and Lominska, C. SU-F-T-606: Monte Carlo Evaluation of Tissue Inhomogeneity Corrections in the Treatment of Liver Cancer Patients Using Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4956791.
Pokhrel, D, Sood, S, Badkul, R, McClinton, C, Jiang, H, Saleh, H, & Lominska, C. SU-F-T-606: Monte Carlo Evaluation of Tissue Inhomogeneity Corrections in the Treatment of Liver Cancer Patients Using Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4956791.
Pokhrel, D, Sood, S, Badkul, R, McClinton, C, Jiang, H, Saleh, H, and Lominska, C. Wed . "SU-F-T-606: Monte Carlo Evaluation of Tissue Inhomogeneity Corrections in the Treatment of Liver Cancer Patients Using Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4956791.
@article{osti_22649173,
title = {SU-F-T-606: Monte Carlo Evaluation of Tissue Inhomogeneity Corrections in the Treatment of Liver Cancer Patients Using Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy},
author = {Pokhrel, D and Sood, S and Badkul, R and McClinton, C and Jiang, H and Saleh, H and Lominska, C},
abstractNote = {Purpose: To evaluate the dosimetric performance of X-ray Voxel Monte Carlo(XVMC) algorithm in effort to clinically validate Monte Carlo-approach in heterogeneous liver phantom and liver SBRT plans. Methods: An anthropomorphic RPC liver phantom incorporating a liver structure with two cylindrical targets and organs-at-risk (OARs) was used in phantom validation. Subsequently, five patients with metastatic liver cancer were treated using heterogeneity-corrected pencil-beam(PB-hete)algorithm were analyzed following RTOG-1112 criteria .ITV was delineated on MinIP and OARs were contoured on MeanIP images of 4D-CT. PTV was generated from ITV with 5-10mm uniform margin. Mean PTV was 81.3±46.4cc. Prescription was 30–45Gy in 5 fractions, with at least PTV(D95%)=100%. Hybrid SBRT plans were generated with noncoplanar/3D-conformal arcs plus static-beams at Novalis-TX consisting of HD-MLC and 6MV-SRS. SBRT plans were re-computed using XVMC algorithm utilizing identical beam-geometry, MLC-positions, and monitor units and subsequently compared to clinical PB-hete plans. Results: Our results using RPC liver motion phantom validation were all compliance with MD Anderson standards. However, compared to PB-hete, average target volume encompassed by the prescribed percent isodose (Vp) was 9.1% and 8.5% less for PTV1 and PTV2 with XVMC. For the clinical liver SBRT plans, PB-hete systematically overestimated PTV dose (D95, Dmean and D10) within ±2.0% (p<0.05) compared to XVMC. Mean value of Vp was about 3.8% less with XVMC compared to PB-hete (ranged 2.9–5.7% (p<0.003)). However, mean liver dose (MLD) was 3.2% higher (p<0.003), on average, with XVMC compared to clinical PB-hete (ranged −1.0to−3.9%). OARs doses were statistically insignificant. Conclusion: Results from our XVMC dose calculations and validation study for liver SBRT indicate small-to-moderate under-dosing of the tumor volume when compared to PB-hete. Results were consistent with phantom validation and patients plans. However, Vp was less by up to 5.7% for some liver SBRT patients with XVMC–suggesting under-dosing of the target volume and overdosing of MLD by up to 3.9% occurred with PB-hete plan. These differences between PB-hete and XVMC dose calculations may be of clinical interest.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4956791},
journal = {Medical Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}