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Title: SU-F-T-524: Investigation of the Dosimertric Benefits of Interchangeable Source Size of a Novel Rotating Gamma System

Abstract

Purpose: Tremendous technological developments were made for conformal therapy techniques with linear accelerators, while less attention was paid to cobalt-60 units. The aim of the current study is to explore the dosimetric benefits of a novel rotating gamma ray system enhanced with interchangeable source sizes and multi-leaf collimator (MLC). Material and Methods: CybeRT is a novel rotating gamma ray machine with a ring gantry that ensures an iso-center accuracy of less than 0.3 mm. The new machine has a 70cm source axial distance allowing for improved penumbra compared to conventional machines. MCBEAM was used to simulate Cobalt-60 beams from the CybeRT head, while the MCPLAN code was used for modeling the MLC and for phantom/patient dose calculation. The CybeRT collimation will incorporate a system allowing for interchanging source sizes. In this work we have created phase space files for 1cm and 2cm source sizes. Evaluation of the system was done by comparing CybeRT beams with the 6MV beams in a water phantom and in patient geometry. Treatment plans were compared based on isodose distributions and dose volume histograms. Results: Profiles for the 1cm source were comparable to that from 6MV in the order of 6mm for 10×10 cm{sup 2} fieldmore » size at the depth of maximum dose. This could ascribe to Cobalt-60 beams producing lowerenergy secondary electrons. Although, the 2cm source have a larger penumbra however it could be still used for large targets with proportionally increased dose rate. For large lung targets, the difference between cobalt and 6MV plans is clinically insignificant. Our preliminary results showed that interchanging source sizes will allow cobalt beams for volumetric arc therapy of both small lesions and large tumors. Conclusion: The CybeRT system will be a cost effective machine capable of performing advanced radiation therapy treatments of both small tumors and large target volumes.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  2. Cyber Medical Inc, Xian, Shaanxi (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22649109
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; BEAMS; COBALT 60; DOSE RATES; GAMMA RADIATION; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; PHASE SPACE; RADIOTHERAPY

Citation Formats

Eldib, A, Chibani, O, Chen, L, Price, R, Ma, C, and Li, J. SU-F-T-524: Investigation of the Dosimertric Benefits of Interchangeable Source Size of a Novel Rotating Gamma System. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4956709.
Eldib, A, Chibani, O, Chen, L, Price, R, Ma, C, & Li, J. SU-F-T-524: Investigation of the Dosimertric Benefits of Interchangeable Source Size of a Novel Rotating Gamma System. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4956709.
Eldib, A, Chibani, O, Chen, L, Price, R, Ma, C, and Li, J. 2016. "SU-F-T-524: Investigation of the Dosimertric Benefits of Interchangeable Source Size of a Novel Rotating Gamma System". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4956709.
@article{osti_22649109,
title = {SU-F-T-524: Investigation of the Dosimertric Benefits of Interchangeable Source Size of a Novel Rotating Gamma System},
author = {Eldib, A and Chibani, O and Chen, L and Price, R and Ma, C and Li, J},
abstractNote = {Purpose: Tremendous technological developments were made for conformal therapy techniques with linear accelerators, while less attention was paid to cobalt-60 units. The aim of the current study is to explore the dosimetric benefits of a novel rotating gamma ray system enhanced with interchangeable source sizes and multi-leaf collimator (MLC). Material and Methods: CybeRT is a novel rotating gamma ray machine with a ring gantry that ensures an iso-center accuracy of less than 0.3 mm. The new machine has a 70cm source axial distance allowing for improved penumbra compared to conventional machines. MCBEAM was used to simulate Cobalt-60 beams from the CybeRT head, while the MCPLAN code was used for modeling the MLC and for phantom/patient dose calculation. The CybeRT collimation will incorporate a system allowing for interchanging source sizes. In this work we have created phase space files for 1cm and 2cm source sizes. Evaluation of the system was done by comparing CybeRT beams with the 6MV beams in a water phantom and in patient geometry. Treatment plans were compared based on isodose distributions and dose volume histograms. Results: Profiles for the 1cm source were comparable to that from 6MV in the order of 6mm for 10×10 cm{sup 2} field size at the depth of maximum dose. This could ascribe to Cobalt-60 beams producing lowerenergy secondary electrons. Although, the 2cm source have a larger penumbra however it could be still used for large targets with proportionally increased dose rate. For large lung targets, the difference between cobalt and 6MV plans is clinically insignificant. Our preliminary results showed that interchanging source sizes will allow cobalt beams for volumetric arc therapy of both small lesions and large tumors. Conclusion: The CybeRT system will be a cost effective machine capable of performing advanced radiation therapy treatments of both small tumors and large target volumes.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4956709},
journal = {Medical Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 6
}
  • Purpose: Stereotactic intra and extra-cranial body radiation therapy has evolved with advances in treatment accuracy, effective radiation dose, and parameters necessary to maximize machine capabilities. Novel gamma systems with a ring type gantry were developed having the ability to perform oblique arcs. The aim of this study is to explore the dosimetric advantages of this new system. Methods: The rotating Gamma system is named CybeRay (Cyber Medical Corp., Xian, China). It has a treatment head of 16 cobalt-60 sources focused to the isocenter, which can rotate 360° on the ring gantry and swing 35° in the superior direction. Treatment plansmore » were generated utilizing our in-house Monte Carlo treatment planning system. A cylindrical phantom was modeled with 2mm voxel size. Dose inside the cylindrical phantom was calculated for coplanar and non-coplanar arcs. Dosimetric differences between CybeRay cobalt beams and CyberKnife 6MV beams were compared in a lung phantom and for previously treated SBRT patients. Results: The full width at half maxima of cross profiles in the S-I direction for the coplanar setup matched the cone sizes, while for the non-coplanar setup, FWHM was larger by 2mm for a 10mm cone and about 5mm for larger cones. In the coronal and sagittal view, coplanar beams showed elliptical shaped isodose lines, while non-coplanar beams showed circular isodose lines. Thus proper selection of the oblique angle and cone size can aid optimal dose matching to the target volume. Comparing a single 5mm cone from CybeRay to that from CyberKnife showed similar penumbra in a lung phantom but CybeRay had significant lower doses beyond lung tissues. Comparable treatment plans were obtained with CybeRay as that from CyberKnife.ConclusionThe noncoplanar multiple source arrangement of CybeRay will be of great clinical benefits for stereotactic intra and extra-cranial radiation therapy.« less
  • Purpose: Co-60 beams have unique dosimetric properties for cranial treatments and thoracic cancers. The conventional concern about the high surface dose is overcome by modern system designs with rotational treatment techniques. This work investigates a novel rotational Gamma ray system for image-guided, external beam radiotherapy. Methods: The CybeRT system (Cyber Medical Corp., China) consists of a ring gantry with either one or two treatment heads containing a Gamma source and a multileaf collimator (MLC). The MLC has 60 paired leaves, and the maximum field size is either 40cmx40cm (40 pairs of 0.5cm central leaves, 20 pairs of 1cm outer leaves),more » or 22cmx40cm (32 pairs of 0.25cm central leaves, 28 pairs of 0.5cm outer leaves). The treatment head(s) can swing 35° superiorly and 8° inferiorly, allowing a total of 43° non-coplanar beam incident. The treatment couch provides 6-degrees-of-freedom motion compensation and the kV cone-beam CT system has a spatial resolution of 0.4mm. Monte Carlo simulations were used to compute dose distributions and compare with measurements. A retrospective study of 98 previously treated patients was performed to compare CybeRT with existing RT systems. Results: Monte Carlo results confirmed the CybeRT design parameters including output factors and 3D dose distributions. Its beam penumbra/dose gradient was similar to or better than that of 6MV photon beams and its isocenter accuracy is 0.3mm. Co-60 beams produce lower-energy secondary electrons that exhibit better dose properties in low-density lung tissues. Because of their rapid depth dose falloff, Co-60 beams are favorable for peripheral lung tumors with half-arc arrangements to spare the opposite lung and critical structures. Superior dose distributions were obtained for head and neck, breast, spine and lung tumors. Conclusion: Because of its accurate dose delivery and unique dosimetric properties of C-60 sources, CybeRT is ideally suited for advanced SBRT as well as conventional RT. This work was partially supported by Cyber Medical Corp.« less
  • Purpose: Because of their effectiveness and efficiency, rotational arc radiotherapy (MAT) techniques have been developed on both specialty machines such as Tomotherapy and conventional linear accelerators. This work investigates a new rotating Gamma therapy system for image guided MAT and SBRT of intra/extracranial tumors. Methods: The CyberMAT system (Cyber Medical Corp., China) consists of a ring gantry with a gamma source (effective source size 1cm and 1.7cm respectively), a 120-leaf MLC, a kV CBCT and an EPID. The treatment couch provides 6-degrees-of-freedom motion compensation and the kV CBCT system has a spatial resolution of 0.4mm for target localization. The maximummore » dose rate is >4.0 Gy/min and the maximum field size is 40cm × 40cm. Monte Carlo simulations were used to compute dose distributions and compare with measurements. A retrospective study of 125 previously treated SBRT patients was performed to evaluate the dosimetric characteristics of CyberMAT in comparison with existing VMAT systems. Results: Monte Carlo results confirmed the CyberMAT design parameters including output factors and 3D dose distributions. Its beam penumbra is 5mm to 10mm for field sizes 1cm to 10cm, respectively and its isocenter accuracy is <0.5mm. Compared to the 6 MV photons of Tomotherapy and conventional linacs, Cobalt beams produce lower-energy secondary electrons that exhibit better dose properties in low-density lung tissues. Cobalt beams are ideal for peripheral lung tumors with half-arc arrangements to spare the opposite lung and other critical structures. Superior dose distributions have been obtained for brain, head and neck, breast, spine and lung tumors with half/full arc arrangements. Conclusion: Because of the unique dosimetric properties of Cobalt sources and its accurate stereotaxy/dose delivery CyberMAT is ideally suited for image guided MAT and SBRT. Full-arc arrangements are superior for brain and H&N treatments while half-arc arrangements produce best dose distributions for thoracic tumors.« less
  • A simplified vacuum arc design [based on metal vapor vacuum arc (MeVVA) concepts] is employed as a plasma source for a study of a {sup 7}Be non-neutral plasma. The design includes a mechanism for interchanging the cathode source. Testing of the plasma source showed that it is capable of producing on the order of 10{sup 12} charges at confinable energies using a boron-carbide disk as the cathode target. The design is simplified from typical designs for lower energy and lower density applications by using only the trigger spark rather than the full vacuum arc in high current ion beam designs.more » The interchangeability of the cathode design gives the source the ability to replace only the source sample, simplifying use of radioactive materials in the plasma source. The sample can also be replaced with a completely different conductive material. The design can be easily modified for use in other plasma confinement or full MeVVA applications.« less
  • Hermetic seals on cells and enclosures containing radioactive materials can be made with the aid of a double-action flexible lip joint, which is only connected to the inner enclosure so that the outer shielding can be removed without interfering with the air-tight system. The hermetic seal incorporates rigid, semi-rigid, and flexible components which interact in such a way that the protective attachment in the interior of the cell can be exchanged without breaking the seal. The exchange of a glove is described in detail. For the connection of two alpha - BETA - gamma cells, or for their subsequert separation,more » a triple-action lip joint system is used. Here again the closed system is only established between the two alpha -enclosures. (auth)« less