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Title: Editorial Statement on Gleason Scoring for Prostate Cancer


No abstract prepared.

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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics; Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Zietman, Anthony L., E-mail:, Smith, Joseph, Klein, Eric, Droller, Michael, Dasgupta, Prokar, and Catto, James. Editorial Statement on Gleason Scoring for Prostate Cancer. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2016.02.055.
Zietman, Anthony L., E-mail:, Smith, Joseph, Klein, Eric, Droller, Michael, Dasgupta, Prokar, & Catto, James. Editorial Statement on Gleason Scoring for Prostate Cancer. United States. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2016.02.055.
Zietman, Anthony L., E-mail:, Smith, Joseph, Klein, Eric, Droller, Michael, Dasgupta, Prokar, and Catto, James. 2016. "Editorial Statement on Gleason Scoring for Prostate Cancer". United States. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2016.02.055.
title = {Editorial Statement on Gleason Scoring for Prostate Cancer},
author = {Zietman, Anthony L., E-mail: and Smith, Joseph and Klein, Eric and Droller, Michael and Dasgupta, Prokar and Catto, James},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {10.1016/J.IJROBP.2016.02.055},
journal = {International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics},
number = 4,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
  • Purpose: To determine whether the primary grade (PG) of biopsy Gleason score (GS) 7 prostate cancer (CaP) was predictive for biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS). Most of the present data regarding the PG of GS7 CaP refer to surgical specimens. Our goal was to determine whether the biopsy GS used at the time of medical decision making predicted for the biochemical outcome. Methods and Materials: We reviewed the data from 705 patients with biopsy GS7 CaP, from a prospectively maintained database, who had been treated at our institution between September 1996 and March 2005 with radical prostatectomy (n = 310), externalmore » beam radiotherapy (n = 268), or prostate radioactive seed implantation (n = 127). The bRFS rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used for univariate and multivariate analyses examining these factors in relation to bRFS: PG of biopsy GS, initial prostate-specific antigen level, clinical T stage, use of androgen deprivation, risk group (high or intermediate), and treatment modality. Results: The 5-year bRFS rate was 78% and 71% (p = 0.0108) for biopsy GS7 PG3 CaP and biopsy GS7 PG4 CaP, respectively. Comparing PG3 and PG4 within treatment modalities, only prostate implantation patients had a significant difference in the 5-year bRFS rate, 88% vs. 76%, respectively (p = 0.0231). On multivariate analysis, the PG of biopsy GS remained an independent predictor of bRFS, with PG3 having better bRFS than PG4 (relative risk, 0.655; 95% confidence interval, 0.472-0.909; p = 0.0113). Conclusion: Biopsy GS7 PG4 CaP carries a worse bRFS than biopsy GS7 PG3 CaP.« less
  • Purpose: To investigate the prognostic utility of the proportion of prostate biopsy tissue containing Gleason pattern 4 or 5 (GP4/5) after definitive radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: A total of 568 patients with T1c-3 Nx/0 prostate cancer who received three-dimensional conformal RT alone between May 1989 and August 2001 were studied. There were 161 men with Gleason score 7-10 disease. The GP4/5 was defined as the percentage of biopsy tissue containing Gleason pattern 4 or 5. A Cox proportional hazards model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses (MVA) for biochemical failure (BF) (American Society of Therapeuticmore » Radiology and Oncology definition) and distant metastasis (DM). A recursive partitioning analysis was done using the results of the MVA to identify a cutpoint for GP4/5. Results: The median follow-up was 46 (range, 13-114) months and median RT dose was 76 (range, 65-82) Gy. On MVA, increasing initial prostate-specific antigen (p = 0.0248) decreasing RT dose (continuous, p = 0.0022), T stage (T1/2 vs. T3) (p = 0.0136) and GP4/5 (continuous, p < 0.0001) were significant predictors of BF in a model also containing GS. GP4/5 was the only significant predictor of DM in the same model (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: The GP4/5 in prostate biopsy specimens is a predictor of BF and DM after RT independent of Gleason score. This parameter should be reported by the pathologist when reviewing prostatic biopsy specimens.« less
  • Purpose: To investigate the biochemical control rates and survival for Gleason score 7-10 prostate cancer patients undergoing permanent prostate brachytherapy as a function of the biologic effective dose (BED). Methods and Materials: Six centers provided data on 5,889 permanent prostate brachytherapy patients, of whom 1,078 had Gleason score 7 (n = 845) or Gleason score 8-10 (n = 233) prostate cancer and postimplant dosimetry results available. The median prostate-specific antigen level was 7.5 ng/mL (range, 0.4-300). The median follow-up for censored patients was 46 months (range, 5-130). Short-term hormonal therapy (median duration, 3.9 months) was used in 666 patients (61.8%)more » and supplemental external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in 620 (57.5%). The patients were stratified into three BED groups: <200 Gy (n = 645), 200-220 Gy (n = 199), and >220 Gy (n = 234). Biochemical freedom from failure (bFFF) was determined using the Phoenix definition. Results: The 5-year bFFF rate was 80%. The bFFF rate stratified by the three BED groups was 76.4%, 83.5%, and 88.3% (p < 0.001), respectively. Cox regression analysis revealed Gleason score, prostate-specific antigen level, use of hormonal therapy, EBRT, and BED were associated with bFFF (p < 0.001). Freedom from metastasis improved from 92% to 99% with the greatest doses. The overall survival rate at 5 years for the three BED groups for Gleason score 8-10 cancer was 86.6%, 89.4%, and 94.6%, respectively (p = 0.048). Conclusion: These data suggest that permanent prostate brachytherapy combined with EBRT and hormonal therapy yields excellent bFFF and survival results in Gleason score 7-10 patients when the delivered BEDs are >220 Gy. These doses can be achieved by a combination of 45-Gy EBRT with a minimal dose received by 90% of the target volume of 120 Gy of {sup 103}Pd or 130 Gy of {sup 125}I.« less
  • Purpose: To quantify, as a function of average magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) score and tumor volume, the probability that a cancer-suspected lesion has an elevated Gleason grade. Methods and Materials: The data consist of MRS imaging ratios R stratified by patient, lesion (contiguous abnormal voxels), voxels, biopsy and pathologic Gleason grade, and lesion volume. The data were analyzed using a logistic model. Results: For both low and high Gleason score biopsy lesions, the probability of pathologic Gleason score {>=}4+3 increases with lesion volume. At low values of R a lesion volume of at least 15-20 voxels is needed to reachmore » a probability of success of 80%; the biopsy result helps reduce the prediction uncertainty. At larger MRS ratios (R > 6) the biopsy result becomes essentially uninformative once the lesion volume is >12 voxels. With the exception of low values of R, for lesions with low Gleason score at biopsy, the MRS ratios serve primarily as a selection tool for assessing lesion volumes. Conclusions: In patients with biopsy Gleason score {>=}4+3, high MRS imaging tumor volume and (creatine + choline)/citrate ratio may justify the initiation of voxel-specific dose escalation. This is an example of biologically motivated focal treatment for which intensity-modulated radiotherapy and especially brachytherapy are ideally suited.« less
  • Purpose: To compare prostate-specific antigen (PSA) outcomes in a cohort of men with high-risk prostate cancer based on the presence or absence of any Gleason Grade 5 component (primary, secondary, or tertiary). Methods and Materials: Our study cohort consisted of 312 men with T1c-T3N0M0 prostate cancer with Gleason Scores of 7 with tertiary Grade 5, 8, or 9-10 who underwent radical prostatectomy or external beam radiotherapy with or without androgen suppression therapy. Cox regression multivariable analysis was used to assess whether a difference existed in risk of PSA recurrence in men with Gleason Score of 9-10 compared with those withmore » Gleason Score of 8 and 7 with tertiary Grade 5, adjusting for treatment, age, and known prostate cancer prognostic factors. Results: After a median follow-up of 5.7 years, men with a Gleason Score of 8 had a lower risk of PSA recurrence than those with a Gleason Score of 9-10 (hazard ratio, 0.74; 95% confidence interval, 0.52-1.05; p = 0.09). Conversely, men with a Gleason Score of 7 with tertiary Grade 5 had a similar risk of PSA recurrence compared with men with a Gleason Score of 9-10 (hazard ratio, 1.08; 95% confidence interval, 0.60-1.94; p = 0.81). Median times to PSA failure for men with Gleason Scores of 9-10, 7 with tertiary Grade 5, and 8 were 4.5, 5.0, and 5.4 years, respectively. Conclusions: Our results highlight the importance of further substratification of the high-risk Gleason Score category of 8-10 into 8 vs. 9, 10, and 7 with tertiary Grade 5.« less