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Title: Outcomes of Temporary Partially Covered Stent Placement for Benign Tracheobronchial Stenosis

Abstract

PurposeTo evaluate the intermediate outcomes of temporary partially covered tracheobronchial stenting in patients with benign tracheobronchial stenosis.Materials and MethodsWe conducted a retrospective study of patients with benign tracheobronchial stenosis who underwent stent placement. All stents were removed approximately 3 months after placement. Respiratory function was assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and Karnofsky performance status scale (KPS) before and after stent placement. The lumen diameters of the stenotic lesions were measured using chest computed tomography (CT) and compared between before stent placement and after stent removal.ResultsA total of 51 stents were successfully placed in consecutive 51 patients with benign tracheobronchial stenosis. No serious complications occurred. The mean VAS and KPS scores significantly improved after stent removal (6.291 ± 0.495 and 25.352 ± 10.533, respectively) compared with those before stent placement (1.493 ± 0.504 and 60.140 ± 16.344, respectively; P < 0.05). The mean lumen transverse diameters of the stenotic site in trachea and main bronchus after stent removal (17.235 ± 3.457 and 8.993 ± 0.961 mm; 1 month post-removal; 16.353 ± 4.132 and 8.357 ± 1.082 mm; 6 months post-removal) were significantly larger than those before stent placement (7.876 ± 2.351 and 2.143 ± 0.770 mm, respectively; P < 0.05). However, the mean lumen diameters between 1 and 6 months after stent removal had no significant difference (P > 0.05).ConclusionTemporary partially covered stenting may be a safe and effective treatment for benignmore » tracheobronchial stenosis.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Department of Interventional Radiology (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22645480
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology; Journal Volume: 39; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE); http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; CHEST; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; PATIENTS; REMOVAL; VASCULAR DISEASES

Citation Formats

Ma, Ji, Han, Xinwei, E-mail: hanxinwei2006@163.com, Wu, Gang, Jiao, Dechao, Ren, Kewei, and Bi, Yonghua. Outcomes of Temporary Partially Covered Stent Placement for Benign Tracheobronchial Stenosis. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1007/S00270-016-1353-Y.
Ma, Ji, Han, Xinwei, E-mail: hanxinwei2006@163.com, Wu, Gang, Jiao, Dechao, Ren, Kewei, & Bi, Yonghua. Outcomes of Temporary Partially Covered Stent Placement for Benign Tracheobronchial Stenosis. United States. doi:10.1007/S00270-016-1353-Y.
Ma, Ji, Han, Xinwei, E-mail: hanxinwei2006@163.com, Wu, Gang, Jiao, Dechao, Ren, Kewei, and Bi, Yonghua. 2016. "Outcomes of Temporary Partially Covered Stent Placement for Benign Tracheobronchial Stenosis". United States. doi:10.1007/S00270-016-1353-Y.
@article{osti_22645480,
title = {Outcomes of Temporary Partially Covered Stent Placement for Benign Tracheobronchial Stenosis},
author = {Ma, Ji and Han, Xinwei, E-mail: hanxinwei2006@163.com and Wu, Gang and Jiao, Dechao and Ren, Kewei and Bi, Yonghua},
abstractNote = {PurposeTo evaluate the intermediate outcomes of temporary partially covered tracheobronchial stenting in patients with benign tracheobronchial stenosis.Materials and MethodsWe conducted a retrospective study of patients with benign tracheobronchial stenosis who underwent stent placement. All stents were removed approximately 3 months after placement. Respiratory function was assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and Karnofsky performance status scale (KPS) before and after stent placement. The lumen diameters of the stenotic lesions were measured using chest computed tomography (CT) and compared between before stent placement and after stent removal.ResultsA total of 51 stents were successfully placed in consecutive 51 patients with benign tracheobronchial stenosis. No serious complications occurred. The mean VAS and KPS scores significantly improved after stent removal (6.291 ± 0.495 and 25.352 ± 10.533, respectively) compared with those before stent placement (1.493 ± 0.504 and 60.140 ± 16.344, respectively; P < 0.05). The mean lumen transverse diameters of the stenotic site in trachea and main bronchus after stent removal (17.235 ± 3.457 and 8.993 ± 0.961 mm; 1 month post-removal; 16.353 ± 4.132 and 8.357 ± 1.082 mm; 6 months post-removal) were significantly larger than those before stent placement (7.876 ± 2.351 and 2.143 ± 0.770 mm, respectively; P < 0.05). However, the mean lumen diameters between 1 and 6 months after stent removal had no significant difference (P > 0.05).ConclusionTemporary partially covered stenting may be a safe and effective treatment for benign tracheobronchial stenosis.},
doi = {10.1007/S00270-016-1353-Y},
journal = {Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology},
number = 8,
volume = 39,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}
  • Partially covered Gianturco stents were used successfully in two patients to treat tracheobronchial strictures caused by intraluminal tumor growth. The stents were accurately placed without complications. The covered portion of the stent compressed the tumor, and prevented tumor ingrowth until the patients' deaths. This stent seems to act as effective palliation for tracheobronchial stricture caused by intraluminal tumor.
  • Purpose. To evaluate the effect of temporary stent placement on the canine prostatic urethra. Methods. Retrievable PTFE-covered nitinol stents were placed in the prostatic urethras of 8 beagle dogs under fluoroscopic guidance. Retrograde urethrography was obtained before and after stenting. Retrograde urethrography and endoscopy were performed 1 and 2 months after deployment. The endoscopic degree of hyperplasia was rated on a scale of 0 to 4 (0 absence, 4 = occlusion). On day 60, stents were removed and urethrography was performed immediately before euthanasia. Pathologic analysis was performed to determine the degree of glandular atrophy, periurethral fibrosis, and urethral dilation.more » Results. Stent deployment was technically successful in 7 animals, and failed in 1 dog due to a narrow urethral lumen. Complete migration was seen in 2 animals at 1 month, and an additional stent was deployed. On day 30, endoscopy showed slight hyperplasia (grade 1) in 3 animals. On day 60, moderate hyperplasia (grade 2) was evidenced in 4 cases. No impairment of urinary flow was seen during follow-up. Retrieval was technically easy to perform, and was successful in all dogs. The major histologic findings were chronic inflammatory cell infiltrates; prostate glandular atrophy, with a mean value of 1.86 (SD 0.90); periurethral fibrosis, with a mean ratio of 29.37 (SD 10.41); and dilatation of the prostatic urethra, with a mean ratio of 6.75 (SD 3.22). Conclusion. Temporary prostatic stent placement in dogs is safe and feasible, causing marked enlargement of the prostatic urethral lumen. Retrievable covered stents may therefore be an option for bladder outlet obstruction management in men.« less
  • A 71-year-old man developed pyloric stenosis caused by gastric cancer. Vomiting and nausea resolved after the insertion of an uncovered Ultraflex stent (length 10 cm, inner diameter 18u23 mm) through a 7-cm-long stenosis, and the patient was able to eat a soft diet. After 6 weeks, stent occlusion occurred due to tumor ingrowth and accumulation of food residue. Endoscopic observation showed a very narrow residual lumen. A covered Ultraflex stent (length 10 cm, inner diameter 18u23 mm) was inserted through the first stent and expanded to its maximum diameter over the next 2 days. The patient's vomiting and nausea improvedmore » rapidly. He died 6 months after the second stenting procedure, from metastatic tumor spread, having remained free of nausea and vomiting. In this case, a covered metallic stent prevented tumor ingrowth and maintained gastrointestinal patency.« less
  • Purpose: To describe our experience using the Gianturco Z-stent (G-Z stent) for the management of malignant tracheobronchial stenosis, with special reference to complications. Methods: Thirty-six stents were used in 22 patients with 28 lesions. Thirteen patients were grade 5 according to the Hugh-Jones classification. The technical success rates, follow-up results, and complications were reviewed on the basis of the patients' charts and radiographs. Results: All stents were successfully placed in the ideal position without procedure-related complications. After the procedure, respiratory status improved in 95% (21/22) of patients, and performance status improved in 77% (17/22). Mean survival after stent placement wasmore » 15 weeks. Four patients suffered from increased thick secretions requiring multiple suctioning and aspiration by bronchoscopy. One of these patients died from asphyxiation 2 weeks after placement. Stent disruption and/or migration was observed in six patients. Of these six, four experienced life-threatening hemoptysis; all four had received aggressive anticancer treatment. Conclusion: G-Z stents are useful for palliation of malignant tracheobronchial obstruction. However, complications of stent strut fracture and migration give cause for concern.« less
  • Over the last few years various types of metal wire stents have been increasingly employed in the treatment of both malignant and benign tracheobronchial obstruction. To date, however, few studies have investigated the in vivo properties of different stent types. We implanted 26 balloon-expandable tantalum Strecker stents (18 patients) and 18 self-expandable Wallstents (16 patients) into the tracheobronchial system of 30 patients with combined stenting in 4 patients. Mean age was 51 years (range: 0.5-79 years). Malignant disease was present in 23 patients, benign disease in seven patients. Both patients and individual stents were monitored clinically and radiographically. The probabilitymore » of stents remaining within the tracheobronchial system, and of their remaining undislocated and uncompressed was calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis for both stent types. Average stent follow-up time was 112 days until explantation and 115 days until patients' death or discharge. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a higher probability for the Wallstent to remain within the tracheobronchial system. Dislocation and compression occurred more rarely. Explantation, however, if desired, was more difficult compared to the Strecker stent. The Wallstent also led to the formation of granulation tissue, especially at the proximal stent end, frequently requiring reintervention. Both stent types proved to be effective therapeutic options in the management of obstructive tracheobronchial disease. The mechanical properties of the Strecker stent seem to be less favorable compared to the Wallstent but removal is easy. For benign disease, however, the Wallstent reveals limitations due to significant side effects.« less