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Title: Prostatic Artery Embolization as an Alternative to Indwelling Bladder Catheterization to Manage Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Poor Surgical Candidates

Abstract

PurposeTo prospectively assess discontinuation of indwelling bladder catheterization (IBC) and relief of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) following prostate artery embolization (PAE) in poor surgical candidates.MethodsPatients ineligible for surgical intervention were offered PAE after at least 1 month of IBC for management of urinary retention secondary to BPH; exclusion criteria for PAE included eligibility for surgery, active bladder cancer or known prostate cancer. Embolization technical and clinical success were defined as bilateral prostate embolization and removal of IBC, respectively. Patients were followed for at least 6 months and evaluated for International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life, prostate size and uroflowmetric parameters.ResultsA total of 43 patients were enrolled; bilateral embolization was performed in 33 (76.7%), unilateral embolization was performed in 8 (18.6%), and two patients could not be embolized due to tortuous and atherosclerotic pelvic vasculature (4.7%). Among the patients who were embolized, mean prostate size decreased from 75.6 ± 33.2 to 63.0 ± 23.2 g (sign rank p = 0.0001, mean reduction of 19.6 ± 17.3%), and IBC removal was achieved in 33 patients (80.5%). Clavien II complications were reported in nine patients (21.9%) and included urinary tract infection (three patients, 7.3%) and recurrent acute urinary retention (six patients, 14.6%). Nine patients (22.0%) experiencedmore » post-embolization syndrome.ConclusionsPAE is a safe and feasible for the relief of LUTS and IBC in highly comorbid patients without surgical treatment options.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [1]; ;  [2];  [3];  [2]; ; ;  [1];  [4];  [2]
  1. Ospedale Niguarda Ca’ Granda, Department of Interventional Radiology (Italy)
  2. Ospedale Niguarda Ca’ Granda, Department of Urology (Italy)
  3. Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice (United States)
  4. University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Department of Interventional Radiology (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22645232
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology; Journal Volume: 40; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2017 Springer Science+Business Media New York and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE); http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ARTERIES; BLADDER; BPH; NEOPLASMS; PATIENTS; PROSTATE; RETENTION; SURGERY; SYMPTOMS; VASCULAR DISEASES

Citation Formats

Rampoldi, Antonio, Barbosa, Fabiane, E-mail: fabiane001@hotmail.com, Secco, Silvia, Migliorisi, Carmelo, Galfano, Antonio, Prestini, Giovanni, Harward, Sardis Honoria, Trapani, Dario Di, Brambillasca, Pietro Maria, Ruggero, Vercelli, Solcia, Marco, Carnevale, Francisco Cesar, and Bocciardi, Aldo Massimo. Prostatic Artery Embolization as an Alternative to Indwelling Bladder Catheterization to Manage Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Poor Surgical Candidates. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/S00270-017-1582-8.
Rampoldi, Antonio, Barbosa, Fabiane, E-mail: fabiane001@hotmail.com, Secco, Silvia, Migliorisi, Carmelo, Galfano, Antonio, Prestini, Giovanni, Harward, Sardis Honoria, Trapani, Dario Di, Brambillasca, Pietro Maria, Ruggero, Vercelli, Solcia, Marco, Carnevale, Francisco Cesar, & Bocciardi, Aldo Massimo. Prostatic Artery Embolization as an Alternative to Indwelling Bladder Catheterization to Manage Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Poor Surgical Candidates. United States. doi:10.1007/S00270-017-1582-8.
Rampoldi, Antonio, Barbosa, Fabiane, E-mail: fabiane001@hotmail.com, Secco, Silvia, Migliorisi, Carmelo, Galfano, Antonio, Prestini, Giovanni, Harward, Sardis Honoria, Trapani, Dario Di, Brambillasca, Pietro Maria, Ruggero, Vercelli, Solcia, Marco, Carnevale, Francisco Cesar, and Bocciardi, Aldo Massimo. Sat . "Prostatic Artery Embolization as an Alternative to Indwelling Bladder Catheterization to Manage Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Poor Surgical Candidates". United States. doi:10.1007/S00270-017-1582-8.
@article{osti_22645232,
title = {Prostatic Artery Embolization as an Alternative to Indwelling Bladder Catheterization to Manage Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Poor Surgical Candidates},
author = {Rampoldi, Antonio and Barbosa, Fabiane, E-mail: fabiane001@hotmail.com and Secco, Silvia and Migliorisi, Carmelo and Galfano, Antonio and Prestini, Giovanni and Harward, Sardis Honoria and Trapani, Dario Di and Brambillasca, Pietro Maria and Ruggero, Vercelli and Solcia, Marco and Carnevale, Francisco Cesar and Bocciardi, Aldo Massimo},
abstractNote = {PurposeTo prospectively assess discontinuation of indwelling bladder catheterization (IBC) and relief of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) following prostate artery embolization (PAE) in poor surgical candidates.MethodsPatients ineligible for surgical intervention were offered PAE after at least 1 month of IBC for management of urinary retention secondary to BPH; exclusion criteria for PAE included eligibility for surgery, active bladder cancer or known prostate cancer. Embolization technical and clinical success were defined as bilateral prostate embolization and removal of IBC, respectively. Patients were followed for at least 6 months and evaluated for International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life, prostate size and uroflowmetric parameters.ResultsA total of 43 patients were enrolled; bilateral embolization was performed in 33 (76.7%), unilateral embolization was performed in 8 (18.6%), and two patients could not be embolized due to tortuous and atherosclerotic pelvic vasculature (4.7%). Among the patients who were embolized, mean prostate size decreased from 75.6 ± 33.2 to 63.0 ± 23.2 g (sign rank p = 0.0001, mean reduction of 19.6 ± 17.3%), and IBC removal was achieved in 33 patients (80.5%). Clavien II complications were reported in nine patients (21.9%) and included urinary tract infection (three patients, 7.3%) and recurrent acute urinary retention (six patients, 14.6%). Nine patients (22.0%) experienced post-embolization syndrome.ConclusionsPAE is a safe and feasible for the relief of LUTS and IBC in highly comorbid patients without surgical treatment options.},
doi = {10.1007/S00270-017-1582-8},
journal = {Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology},
number = 4,
volume = 40,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}