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Title: SU-F-T-68: Characterizes of Microdetectors in Electron Beam Dosimetry

Abstract

Purpose: Electron beam dosimetry requires high resolution data due to finite range that can be accomplished with small volume detectors. The small-field used in advance technologies in photon beam has created a market for microdetectors, however characteristics are significantly variable in photon beams and relatively unknown in electron beam that is investigated in this study. Methods: Among nearly 2 dozen microdetectors that have been investigated in small fields of photon beam, two popular detectors (microDiamond 60019 (PTW)) and W1 plastic scintillator detector (Standard Imaging)) that are tissue equivalent and have very small sensitive volume are selected. Electron beams from Varian linear accelerators were used to investigate dose linearity dose rate dependence, energy dependence, depth dose and profiles in a reference condition in a water phantom. For W1 that has its own Supermax electrometer point by point measurements were performed. For microDiamond, a PTW-scanning tank was used for both scanning and point dose measurements. Results: W1 detector showed excellent dose linearity (r{sup 2} =1.0) from 5–500 MU either with variation of dose rate or beam energy. Similar findings were also observed for microdiamond with r{sup 2}=1.0. Percent variations in dose/MU for W1 and microDiamond were 0.2–1.1% and 0.4–1.2%, respectively among dosemore » rate and beam energy. This variation was random for microDiamond, whereas it decreased with beam energy and dose rate for W1. The depth dose and profiles were within ±1 mm for both detectors. Both detectors did not show any energy dependence in electron beams. Conclusion: Both microDiamond and W1 detectors provided superior characteristics of beam parameters in electron beam including dose, dose rate linearity and energy independence. Both can be used in electron beam except W1 require point by point measurements and microdiamond requires 1500 MU for initial quenching.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Indiana University- School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States)
  2. Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22642316
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; DEPTH DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS; DOSE RATES; DOSIMETRY; ELECTROMETERS; ELECTRON BEAMS; ENERGY DEPENDENCE; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; PHANTOMS; PHOTON BEAMS; PLASTIC SCINTILLATORS; RADIATION DOSES; SCINTILLATION COUNTERS

Citation Formats

Das, I, Andersen, A, and Akino, Y. SU-F-T-68: Characterizes of Microdetectors in Electron Beam Dosimetry. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4956203.
Das, I, Andersen, A, & Akino, Y. SU-F-T-68: Characterizes of Microdetectors in Electron Beam Dosimetry. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4956203.
Das, I, Andersen, A, and Akino, Y. 2016. "SU-F-T-68: Characterizes of Microdetectors in Electron Beam Dosimetry". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4956203.
@article{osti_22642316,
title = {SU-F-T-68: Characterizes of Microdetectors in Electron Beam Dosimetry},
author = {Das, I and Andersen, A and Akino, Y},
abstractNote = {Purpose: Electron beam dosimetry requires high resolution data due to finite range that can be accomplished with small volume detectors. The small-field used in advance technologies in photon beam has created a market for microdetectors, however characteristics are significantly variable in photon beams and relatively unknown in electron beam that is investigated in this study. Methods: Among nearly 2 dozen microdetectors that have been investigated in small fields of photon beam, two popular detectors (microDiamond 60019 (PTW)) and W1 plastic scintillator detector (Standard Imaging)) that are tissue equivalent and have very small sensitive volume are selected. Electron beams from Varian linear accelerators were used to investigate dose linearity dose rate dependence, energy dependence, depth dose and profiles in a reference condition in a water phantom. For W1 that has its own Supermax electrometer point by point measurements were performed. For microDiamond, a PTW-scanning tank was used for both scanning and point dose measurements. Results: W1 detector showed excellent dose linearity (r{sup 2} =1.0) from 5–500 MU either with variation of dose rate or beam energy. Similar findings were also observed for microdiamond with r{sup 2}=1.0. Percent variations in dose/MU for W1 and microDiamond were 0.2–1.1% and 0.4–1.2%, respectively among dose rate and beam energy. This variation was random for microDiamond, whereas it decreased with beam energy and dose rate for W1. The depth dose and profiles were within ±1 mm for both detectors. Both detectors did not show any energy dependence in electron beams. Conclusion: Both microDiamond and W1 detectors provided superior characteristics of beam parameters in electron beam including dose, dose rate linearity and energy independence. Both can be used in electron beam except W1 require point by point measurements and microdiamond requires 1500 MU for initial quenching.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4956203},
journal = {Medical Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 6
}
  • Purpose: Advances in radiation treatment especially with smaller fields used in SRS, Gamma knife, Tomotherapy, Cyberknife, and IMRT, require a high degree of precision especially with microdetectors for small field dosimetry (Das et al, Med Ph, 35, 206, 2008; Alfonso et al, Med Phys, 35, 5179, 2008). Due to small signal, the triaxial cable becomes critical in terms of signal to noise ratio (SNR) which is studied with microdetectors. Methods: Six high quality triaxial cables, 9.1 meters long from different manufacturers without any defects were acquired along with 5 most popular microdetectors (microdiamond, plastic scintillators, SRS-diode, edge-diode and pinpoint). Amore » dedicated electrometer was used for each combination except W1 which has its own supermax electrometer. A 6MV photon beam from Varian True beam with 100 MU at a 600 MU/min was used. Measurements were made at a depth of 5 cm in water phantom. Field sizes were varied from 0.5 cm to 10 cm square fields. Readings were taken with combination of cables and microdetectors. Results: Signal is dependent on the quality of the connectors, cables and types of microdetector. The readings varied from nC to pC depending on the type of microdetector. The net signal, S, (Sc-Sn), where Sc is signal with chamber and Sn is without chamber is a linear function of sensitive volume, v; (S = α+β•V), where α and β are constants. The standard deviation (SD) in 3 sets of reading with each combination of cable-detector was extremely low <0.02%. As expected the SD is higher in small fields (<3cm). Maximum estimated error was only ±0.2% in cables-detector combinations. Conclusion: The choice of cables has relatively small effect (±0.2%) with microdosimeter and should be accounted in overall error estimation in k value that is needed to convert ratio of reading to dose in small field dosimetry.« less
  • Proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) reactions occur in many biological and artificial solar energy conversion processes. In these reactions the electron is often transferred to a site distant to the proton acceptor site. In this work, we employ the dual descriptor and the electrophilic Fukui function from density functional reactivity theory (DFRT) to characterize the propensity for an electron to be transferred to a site other than the proton acceptor site. The electrophilic regions of hydrogen bond or van der Waal reactant complexes were examined using these DFRT descriptors to determine the region of space to which the electron is mostmore » likely to be transferred. This analysis shows that in PCET reactions the electrophilic region of the reactant complex does not include the proton acceptor site.« less