skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Lead free CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} perovskite thin-film with p-type semiconducting nature and metal-like conductivity

Abstract

Lead free CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} perovskite thin film was prepared by low temperature solution processing and characterized using current sensing atomic force microscopy (CS-AFM). Analysis of electrical, optical, and optoelectrical properties reveals unique p-type semiconducting nature and metal like conductivity of this material. CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} film also showed a strong absorption in visible and near infrared spectrum with absorption onset of 1.3 eV. X-ray Diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed a structure of this compound and uniform film formation. The morphology, film uniformity, light harvesting and electrical properties strongly depend on preparation method and precursor solution. CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} films prepared based on dimethylformamide (DMF) showed higher crystallinity and light harvesting capability compared to the film based on combination of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) with gamma-butyrolactone (GBL). Local photocurrent mapping analysis showed that CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} can be used as an active layer and have a potential to fabricate lead free photovoltaic devices.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. South Dakota State University, Brookings, South Dakota (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22611412
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ABSORPTION; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; DMSO; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; INFRARED SPECTRA; IODINE COMPOUNDS; LAYERS; NEAR INFRARED RADIATION; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTORS; PEROVSKITE; PHOTOCURRENTS; PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT; P-TYPE CONDUCTORS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; THIN FILMS; TIN COMPOUNDS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Iefanova, Anastasiia, Adhikari, Nirmal, Dubey, Ashish, Khatiwada, Devendra, and Qiao, Qiquan, E-mail: qiquan.qiao@sdstate.edu. Lead free CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} perovskite thin-film with p-type semiconducting nature and metal-like conductivity. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4961463.
Iefanova, Anastasiia, Adhikari, Nirmal, Dubey, Ashish, Khatiwada, Devendra, & Qiao, Qiquan, E-mail: qiquan.qiao@sdstate.edu. Lead free CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} perovskite thin-film with p-type semiconducting nature and metal-like conductivity. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4961463.
Iefanova, Anastasiia, Adhikari, Nirmal, Dubey, Ashish, Khatiwada, Devendra, and Qiao, Qiquan, E-mail: qiquan.qiao@sdstate.edu. Mon . "Lead free CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} perovskite thin-film with p-type semiconducting nature and metal-like conductivity". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4961463.
@article{osti_22611412,
title = {Lead free CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} perovskite thin-film with p-type semiconducting nature and metal-like conductivity},
author = {Iefanova, Anastasiia and Adhikari, Nirmal and Dubey, Ashish and Khatiwada, Devendra and Qiao, Qiquan, E-mail: qiquan.qiao@sdstate.edu},
abstractNote = {Lead free CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} perovskite thin film was prepared by low temperature solution processing and characterized using current sensing atomic force microscopy (CS-AFM). Analysis of electrical, optical, and optoelectrical properties reveals unique p-type semiconducting nature and metal like conductivity of this material. CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} film also showed a strong absorption in visible and near infrared spectrum with absorption onset of 1.3 eV. X-ray Diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed a structure of this compound and uniform film formation. The morphology, film uniformity, light harvesting and electrical properties strongly depend on preparation method and precursor solution. CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} films prepared based on dimethylformamide (DMF) showed higher crystallinity and light harvesting capability compared to the film based on combination of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) with gamma-butyrolactone (GBL). Local photocurrent mapping analysis showed that CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}SnI{sub 3} can be used as an active layer and have a potential to fabricate lead free photovoltaic devices.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4961463},
journal = {AIP Advances},
number = 8,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Aug 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Mon Aug 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}