skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Toward electroweak scale cold dark matter with local dark gauge symmetry and beyond the DM EFT

Abstract

In this talk, I describe a class of electroweak (EW) scale dark matter (DM) models where its stability or longevity are the results of underlying dark gauge symmetries: stable due to unbroken local dark gauge symmetry or topology, or long-lived due to the accidental global symmetry of dark gauge theories. Compared with the usual phenomenological dark matter models (including DM EFT or simplified DM models), DM models with local dark gauge symmetries include dark gauge bosons, dark Higgs bosons and sometimes excited dark matter. And dynamics among these fields are completely fixed by local gauge principle. The idea of singlet portals including the Higgs portal can thermalize these hidden sector dark matter very efficiently, so that these DM could be easily thermal DM. I also discuss the limitation of the usual DM effective field theory or simplified DM models without the full SM gauge symmetry, and emphasize the importance of the full SM gauge symmetry and renormalizability especially for collider searches for DM.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. School of Physics, Korea Institute for Advanced Study 85 Hoegiro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02455 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22609065
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1743; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: CETUP 2015: Workshop on dark matter, neutrino physics and astrophysics, Deadwood, SD (United States), 15 Jun - 17 Jul 2015, PPC 2015: 9. international conference on interconnections between particle physics and cosmology, Deadwood, SD (United States), 15 Jun - 17 Jul 2015; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; FIELD THEORIES; GAUGE INVARIANCE; HIGGS BOSONS; HIGGS MODEL; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; STABILITY; SYMMETRY; TOPOLOGY; WEINBERG-SALAM GAUGE MODEL; UNIFIED FIELD THEORIES

Citation Formats

Ko, Pyungwon, E-mail: pko@kias.re.kr. Toward electroweak scale cold dark matter with local dark gauge symmetry and beyond the DM EFT. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4953275.
Ko, Pyungwon, E-mail: pko@kias.re.kr. Toward electroweak scale cold dark matter with local dark gauge symmetry and beyond the DM EFT. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4953275.
Ko, Pyungwon, E-mail: pko@kias.re.kr. Tue . "Toward electroweak scale cold dark matter with local dark gauge symmetry and beyond the DM EFT". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4953275.
@article{osti_22609065,
title = {Toward electroweak scale cold dark matter with local dark gauge symmetry and beyond the DM EFT},
author = {Ko, Pyungwon, E-mail: pko@kias.re.kr},
abstractNote = {In this talk, I describe a class of electroweak (EW) scale dark matter (DM) models where its stability or longevity are the results of underlying dark gauge symmetries: stable due to unbroken local dark gauge symmetry or topology, or long-lived due to the accidental global symmetry of dark gauge theories. Compared with the usual phenomenological dark matter models (including DM EFT or simplified DM models), DM models with local dark gauge symmetries include dark gauge bosons, dark Higgs bosons and sometimes excited dark matter. And dynamics among these fields are completely fixed by local gauge principle. The idea of singlet portals including the Higgs portal can thermalize these hidden sector dark matter very efficiently, so that these DM could be easily thermal DM. I also discuss the limitation of the usual DM effective field theory or simplified DM models without the full SM gauge symmetry, and emphasize the importance of the full SM gauge symmetry and renormalizability especially for collider searches for DM.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4953275},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1743,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jun 21 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Tue Jun 21 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}
  • We show that hidden sector dark matter (DM) models with local dark gauge symmetries make a natural playground for the possible γ-ray excess from the galactic center (GC). We first discuss in detail the GC γ-ray excess in a scalar dark matter (DM) model with local Z{sub 3} symmetry which was recently proposed by the present authors. Within this model, scalar DM with mass 30–70 GeV is allowed due to the newly-opened (semi-)annihilation channels of a DM pair into dark Higgs φ and/or dark photon Z' pair, and the γ-ray spectrum from the GC can be fit within this model.more » Then we argue that the GC gamma ray excess can be easily accommodated within hidden sector dark matter models where DM is stabilized by local gauge symmetries, due to the presence of dark Higgs (and also dark photon for Abelian dark gauge symmetry)« less
  • We show that hidden sector dark matter (DM) models with local dark gauge symmetries make a natural playground for the possible γ-ray excess from the galactic center (GC). We first discuss in detail the GC γ-ray excess in a scalar dark matter (DM) model with local Z{sub 3} symmetry which was recently proposed by the present authors. Within this model, scalar DM with mass 30–70 GeV is allowed due to the newly-opened (semi-)annihilation channels of a DM pair into dark Higgs ϕ and/or dark photon Z′ pair, and the γ-ray spectrum from the GC can be fit within this model.more » Then we argue that the GC gamma ray excess can be easily accommodated within hidden sector dark matter models where DM is stabilized by local gauge symmetries, due to the presence of dark Higgs (and also dark photon for Abelian dark gauge symmetry)« less
  • We consider a hidden sector with new confining gauge theory similar to ordinary QCD, and show that the lightest mesons in the hidden sector (hidden sector pion {pi}{sub h}) are automatically stable as a consequence of flavor conservation of hidden sector strong interaction.
  • From an assumed signal in a Dark Matter (DM) direct detection experiment a lower bound on the product of the DM-nucleon scattering cross section and the local DM density is derived, which is independent of the local DM velocity distribution. This can be combined with astrophysical determinations of the local DM density. Within a given particle physics model the bound also allows a robust comparison of a direct detection signal with limits from the LHC. Furthermore, the bound can be used to formulate a condition which has to be fulfilled if the particle responsible for the direct detection signal ismore » a thermal relic, regardless of whether it constitutes all DM or only part of it. We illustrate the arguments by adopting a simplified DM model with a Z{sup ′} mediator and assuming a signal in a future xenon direct detection experiment.« less
  • From an assumed signal in a Dark Matter (DM) direct detection experiment a lower bound on the product of the DM-nucleon scattering cross section and the local DM density is derived, which is independent of the local DM velocity distribution. This can be combined with astrophysical determinations of the local DM density. Within a given particle physics model the bound also allows a robust comparison of a direct detection signal with limits from the LHC. Furthermore, the bound can be used to formulate a condition which has to be fulfilled if the particle responsible for the direct detection signal ismore » a thermal relic, regardless of whether it constitutes all DM or only part of it. We illustrate the arguments by adopting a simplified DM model with a Z' mediator and assuming a signal in a future xenon direct detection experiment.« less