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Title: The effect of synthesis time on graphene growth from palm oil as green carbon precursor

Abstract

Graphene is the new material that arises after carbon nanotubes (CNTs) era and has extraordinary optical, electronic and mechanical properties compared to CNTs. The 2D graphene is the sp{sup 2} carbon allotropes compared to other dimensionality. It also can be in three forms that are zero-dimensional, one-dimensional or three-dimensional. The different dimensionality also called fullerenes, nanotubes and graphite. Therefore, the graphene is known as centre potential materials in expanding research area than others ever. The 2 cm × 2 cm silicon wafer was seeded with nickel (Ni) at different thickness by using sputter coater. The palm oil, carbon source, was placed in the precursor furnace and the silicon was placed in the second furnace (deposition furnace). The palm oil will mix with Nitrogen gas was used as carrier gas in the CVD under certain temperature and pressure to undergo pyrolysis proses. The deposition temperature was set at 1000 °C. The deposition time varied from 3 minutes, 5 minutes and 7 minutes. The graphene was growth at ambient pressure in the CVD system. Electron microscopy and Raman Spectrometer revealed the structural properties and surface morphology of the grapheme on the substrate. The D and G band appear approximately at 1350 cm{supmore » −1} and 1850 cm{sup −1}. It can be concluded that the growth of graphene varies at different deposition time.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3]; ;  [4];  [1];  [5]
  1. NANO-SciTech Centre (NST), Institute of Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor (Malaysia)
  2. (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor (Malaysia)
  3. Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research Centre (NANOCAT) Universiti Malaya - UM, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
  4. Department of Biochemistry, College of Science King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia)
  5. (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22608615
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1733; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: IC-NET 2015: International conference on nano-electronic technology devices and materials 2015, Selangor (Malaysia), 27 Feb - 2 Mar 2015; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; APPROXIMATIONS; CARBON NANOTUBES; CARBON SOURCES; CARRIERS; CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; FULLERENES; GRAPHENE; GRAPHITE; NICKEL; NITROGEN; PYROLYSIS; SILICON; SPECTROMETERS; SPUTTERING; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES; SYNTHESIS; THICKNESS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS

Citation Formats

Salifairus, M. J., E-mail: salifairus-mj85@yahoo.co.uk, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, NANO-ElecTronic Centre - Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Hamid, S. B. Abd, Alrokayan, Salman A. H., Khan, Haseeb A., Rusop, M., E-mail: nanouitm@gmail.com, and NANO-ElecTronic Centre - Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA - UiTM, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor. The effect of synthesis time on graphene growth from palm oil as green carbon precursor. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4948884.
Salifairus, M. J., E-mail: salifairus-mj85@yahoo.co.uk, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, NANO-ElecTronic Centre - Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Hamid, S. B. Abd, Alrokayan, Salman A. H., Khan, Haseeb A., Rusop, M., E-mail: nanouitm@gmail.com, & NANO-ElecTronic Centre - Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA - UiTM, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor. The effect of synthesis time on graphene growth from palm oil as green carbon precursor. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4948884.
Salifairus, M. J., E-mail: salifairus-mj85@yahoo.co.uk, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, NANO-ElecTronic Centre - Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Hamid, S. B. Abd, Alrokayan, Salman A. H., Khan, Haseeb A., Rusop, M., E-mail: nanouitm@gmail.com, and NANO-ElecTronic Centre - Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA - UiTM, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor. Wed . "The effect of synthesis time on graphene growth from palm oil as green carbon precursor". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4948884.
@article{osti_22608615,
title = {The effect of synthesis time on graphene growth from palm oil as green carbon precursor},
author = {Salifairus, M. J., E-mail: salifairus-mj85@yahoo.co.uk and Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA and NANO-ElecTronic Centre - Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA and Hamid, S. B. Abd and Alrokayan, Salman A. H. and Khan, Haseeb A. and Rusop, M., E-mail: nanouitm@gmail.com and NANO-ElecTronic Centre - Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA - UiTM, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor},
abstractNote = {Graphene is the new material that arises after carbon nanotubes (CNTs) era and has extraordinary optical, electronic and mechanical properties compared to CNTs. The 2D graphene is the sp{sup 2} carbon allotropes compared to other dimensionality. It also can be in three forms that are zero-dimensional, one-dimensional or three-dimensional. The different dimensionality also called fullerenes, nanotubes and graphite. Therefore, the graphene is known as centre potential materials in expanding research area than others ever. The 2 cm × 2 cm silicon wafer was seeded with nickel (Ni) at different thickness by using sputter coater. The palm oil, carbon source, was placed in the precursor furnace and the silicon was placed in the second furnace (deposition furnace). The palm oil will mix with Nitrogen gas was used as carrier gas in the CVD under certain temperature and pressure to undergo pyrolysis proses. The deposition temperature was set at 1000 °C. The deposition time varied from 3 minutes, 5 minutes and 7 minutes. The graphene was growth at ambient pressure in the CVD system. Electron microscopy and Raman Spectrometer revealed the structural properties and surface morphology of the grapheme on the substrate. The D and G band appear approximately at 1350 cm{sup −1} and 1850 cm{sup −1}. It can be concluded that the growth of graphene varies at different deposition time.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4948884},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1733,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jul 06 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jul 06 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}