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Title: Effect of first and second generation biodiesel blends on engine performance and emission

Abstract

The biodiesel is a potential source of alternative fuel which can be used at different proportions with diesel fuel. This study experimentally investigated the effect of blend percentage on diesel engine performance and emission using first generation (soybean) and second generation (waste cooking) biodiesel. The characterization of the biodiesel was done according to ASTM and EN standards and compared with ultralow sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel. A multi-cylinder test bed engine coupled with electromagnetic dynamometer and 5 gas analyzer were used for engine performance and emission test. The investigation was made using B5, B10 and B15 blends for both biodiesels. The study found that brake power (BP) and brake torque (BT) slightly decreases and brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) slightly increases with an increase in biodiesel blends ratio. Besides, a significant reduction in exhaust emissions (except NO{sub x} emission) was found for both biodiesels compared to ULSD. Soybean biodiesel showed better engine performance and emissions reduction compared with waste cooking biodiesel. However, NO{sub x} emission for B5 waste cooking biodiesel was lower than soybean biodiesel.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. School of Engineering and Technology, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, QLD 4702 (Australia)
  2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka-1000 (Bangladesh)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22608560
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1754; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICME 2015: 11. international conference on mechanical engineering, Dhaka (Bangladesh), 18-20 Dec 2015; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; BIODIESEL FUELS; BORON PHOSPHIDES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DIESEL ENGINES; DIESEL FUELS; DYNAMOMETERS; EMISSION; FOOD PROCESSING; FUEL CONSUMPTION; NITROGEN OXIDES; PERFORMANCE; SOYBEANS; SULFUR; TORQUE; WASTES

Citation Formats

Azad, A. K., E-mail: azad.cqu@gmail.com, E-mail: a.k.azad@cqu.edu.au, Rasul, M. G., E-mail: m.rasul@cqu.edu.au, Bhuiya, M. M. K., E-mail: m.bhuiya@cqu.edu.au, and Islam, Rubayat, E-mail: rubayat12@yahoo.com. Effect of first and second generation biodiesel blends on engine performance and emission. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4958422.
Azad, A. K., E-mail: azad.cqu@gmail.com, E-mail: a.k.azad@cqu.edu.au, Rasul, M. G., E-mail: m.rasul@cqu.edu.au, Bhuiya, M. M. K., E-mail: m.bhuiya@cqu.edu.au, & Islam, Rubayat, E-mail: rubayat12@yahoo.com. Effect of first and second generation biodiesel blends on engine performance and emission. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4958422.
Azad, A. K., E-mail: azad.cqu@gmail.com, E-mail: a.k.azad@cqu.edu.au, Rasul, M. G., E-mail: m.rasul@cqu.edu.au, Bhuiya, M. M. K., E-mail: m.bhuiya@cqu.edu.au, and Islam, Rubayat, E-mail: rubayat12@yahoo.com. Tue . "Effect of first and second generation biodiesel blends on engine performance and emission". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4958422.
@article{osti_22608560,
title = {Effect of first and second generation biodiesel blends on engine performance and emission},
author = {Azad, A. K., E-mail: azad.cqu@gmail.com, E-mail: a.k.azad@cqu.edu.au and Rasul, M. G., E-mail: m.rasul@cqu.edu.au and Bhuiya, M. M. K., E-mail: m.bhuiya@cqu.edu.au and Islam, Rubayat, E-mail: rubayat12@yahoo.com},
abstractNote = {The biodiesel is a potential source of alternative fuel which can be used at different proportions with diesel fuel. This study experimentally investigated the effect of blend percentage on diesel engine performance and emission using first generation (soybean) and second generation (waste cooking) biodiesel. The characterization of the biodiesel was done according to ASTM and EN standards and compared with ultralow sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel. A multi-cylinder test bed engine coupled with electromagnetic dynamometer and 5 gas analyzer were used for engine performance and emission test. The investigation was made using B5, B10 and B15 blends for both biodiesels. The study found that brake power (BP) and brake torque (BT) slightly decreases and brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) slightly increases with an increase in biodiesel blends ratio. Besides, a significant reduction in exhaust emissions (except NO{sub x} emission) was found for both biodiesels compared to ULSD. Soybean biodiesel showed better engine performance and emissions reduction compared with waste cooking biodiesel. However, NO{sub x} emission for B5 waste cooking biodiesel was lower than soybean biodiesel.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4958422},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1754,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jul 12 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Tue Jul 12 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}