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Title: Development of silicon photomultipliers and their applications to GlueX calorimetry

Abstract

The GlueX experiment is a photoproduction experiment in Hall D at Jefferson Lab that is being commissioned for use with the new 12 GeV accelerator. The purpose of the experiment is to search for Hybrid mesons, which are mesons with quark and gluon degrees of freedom. The barrel calorimeter of GlueX is instrumented with 4000 large-area (1.2 × 1.2 cm{sup 2}) silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs). These photon sensors have properties similar to vacuum photomultipliers, but are unaffected by high magnetic fields. In our experiment they operate in magnetic fields exceeding 1T. After extensive tests with a variety of sensors, we chose the S12045(X) custom SiPM arrays manufactured by Hamamatsu Corporation, also known as multi-pixel photon counters (MPPCs). We will give an overview of this new technology as well as the experience gained during two commissioning periods with beam.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22608516
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1753; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Latin American symposium on nuclear physics and applications, Medellin (Colombia), 30 Nov - 4 Dec 2015; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BEAMS; CALORIMETRY; CEBAF ACCELERATOR; DEGREES OF FREEDOM; GAIN; GEV RANGE 10-100; GLUONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MESONS; PHOTOMULTIPLIERS; PHOTONS; PHOTOPRODUCTION; QUARKS; SENSORS; SILICON; FUNDAMENTAL INTERACTIONS

Citation Formats

Smith, Elton S., E-mail: elton@jlab.org. Development of silicon photomultipliers and their applications to GlueX calorimetry. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4955369.
Smith, Elton S., E-mail: elton@jlab.org. Development of silicon photomultipliers and their applications to GlueX calorimetry. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4955369.
Smith, Elton S., E-mail: elton@jlab.org. 2016. "Development of silicon photomultipliers and their applications to GlueX calorimetry". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4955369.
@article{osti_22608516,
title = {Development of silicon photomultipliers and their applications to GlueX calorimetry},
author = {Smith, Elton S., E-mail: elton@jlab.org},
abstractNote = {The GlueX experiment is a photoproduction experiment in Hall D at Jefferson Lab that is being commissioned for use with the new 12 GeV accelerator. The purpose of the experiment is to search for Hybrid mesons, which are mesons with quark and gluon degrees of freedom. The barrel calorimeter of GlueX is instrumented with 4000 large-area (1.2 × 1.2 cm{sup 2}) silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs). These photon sensors have properties similar to vacuum photomultipliers, but are unaffected by high magnetic fields. In our experiment they operate in magnetic fields exceeding 1T. After extensive tests with a variety of sensors, we chose the S12045(X) custom SiPM arrays manufactured by Hamamatsu Corporation, also known as multi-pixel photon counters (MPPCs). We will give an overview of this new technology as well as the experience gained during two commissioning periods with beam.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4955369},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1753,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}
  • The GlueX experiment is a photoproduction experiment in Hall D at Jefferson Lab that is being commissioned for use with the new 12 GeV accelerator. The purpose of the experiment is to search for Hybrid mesons, which are mesons with quark and gluon degrees of freedom. The barrel calorimeter of GlueX is instrumented with 4000 large-area (1.2 x1.2 cm2) silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs). These photon sensors have properties similar to vacuum photomultipliers, but are unaffected by high magnetic fields. In our experiment they operate in magnetic fields exceeding 1T. After extensive tests with a variety of sensors, we chose the S12045(X)more » custom SiPM arrays manufactured by Hamamatsu Corporation, also known as multi-pixel photon counters (MPPCs). We will give an overview of this new technology as well as the experience gained during two commissioning periods with beam.« less
  • Here, silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) are used in detectors of the GlueX experiment devoted to studying the nature of confinement. These detectors are operable at counting rates as high as 2 MHz with a time resolution (FWHM) of approximately 0.3 ns and a number of excited pixels of up to 10 4. For SiPMs that operate under these conditions, the measured dependences of the recovery time and the time resolution are presented as functions of the number of excited pixels and the excitation frequency. Using a picosecond laser, the time resolution has been measured for an array of 4 × 4more » SiPMs, which was specially developed for the experiment.« less
  • A matrix of Silicon Photo Multipliers has been developed for light readout from a large area 1 in. × 1 in. LaBr{sub 3} crystal. The system has been characterized in the laboratory and its performance compared to that of a conventional photo multiplier tube. A pulse duration of 100 ns was achieved, which opens up to spectroscopy applications at high counting rates. The energy resolution measured using radioactive sources extrapolates to 3%–4% in the energy range E{sub γ} = 3–5 MeV, enabling gamma-ray spectroscopy measurements at good energy resolution. The results reported here are of relevance in view of themore » development of compact gamma-ray detectors with spectroscopy capabilities, such as an enhanced gamma-ray camera for high power fusion plasmas, where the use of photomultiplier is impeded by space limitation and sensitivity to magnetic fields.« less
  • Gamma-ray spectroscopy measurements at MHz counting rates have been carried out, for the first time, with a compact spectrometer based on a LaBr{sub 3} scintillator and silicon photomultipliers. The instrument, which is also insensitive to magnetic fields, has been developed in view of the upgrade of the gamma-ray camera diagnostic for α particle measurements in deuterium-tritium plasmas of the Joint European Torus. Spectra were measured up to 2.9 MHz with a projected energy resolution of 3%-4% in the 3-5 MeV range, of interest for fast ion physics studies in fusion plasmas. The results reported here pave the way to firstmore » time measurements of the confined α particle profile in high power plasmas of the next deuterium-tritium campaign at the Joint European Torus.« less
  • Precise measurements of GeV range gamma rays help narrow down among var- ious gamma emission models and increase sensitivity for dark matter searches. Construction of precise as well as compact instruments requires detectors with high efficiency, high stopping power, excellent energy resolution, and excellent angular resolution. Fast and bright crystal scintillators coupled with small foot- print photo-detectors are suitable candidates. We prototyped a detector array consisting of four LYSO crystals where each crystal is read out by a 2x2 SensL ArrayJ60035 silicon photomultipliers. The LYSO crystals were chosen because of their good light yield, fast decay time, demonstrated radiation hardness,more » and small radiation length. Here, we used the silicon photomultiplier arrays as photo- detectors because of their small size, simple readout, low voltage operation, and immunity to magnetic elds. We also studied the detector performance in the energy range of interest by exposing it to 2-16 GeV particles produced at the Test Beam Facility of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.« less