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Title: Kinetic modelling of chlorination of nitrided ilmenite using MATLAB

Abstract

In the present study, chlorination of nitride ilmenite using 2{sup k} factorial design was investigated. The reduction experiments were carried out in a temperature range of 400°C to 500°C, chlorination duration from 1 hour to 3 hours and using different type of carbon reactant. Phases of raw materials and reduced samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Ilmenite was reduced to TiO{sub x}C{sub y}N{sub z} through carbothermal and nitridation for further chlorination into titanium tetrachloride. The Design of Experiment analysis suggested that the types of carbon reactant contribute most influence to the extent of chlorination of nitride ilmenite. The extent of chlorination was highest at 500°C with 3 hours chlorination time and carbon nanotube as carbon reactant.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300, Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22608475
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1756; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICoFM 2016: 2. international conference on functional materials and metallurgy, Penang (Malaysia), 28 May 2016; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CARBON NANOTUBES; CHLORINATION; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DESIGN; ILMENITE; NITRIDATION; TITANIUM; TITANIUM CHLORIDES; TITANIUM OXIDES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; YTTRIUM NITRIDES

Citation Formats

Ramakrishnan, Sivakumar, E-mail: srsivakumar@usm.my, Kwok, Teong Chen, E-mail: ctck@live.com, and Hamid, Sheikh Abdul Rezan Sheikh Abdul, E-mail: rezanshk@gmail.com. Kinetic modelling of chlorination of nitrided ilmenite using MATLAB. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4958773.
Ramakrishnan, Sivakumar, E-mail: srsivakumar@usm.my, Kwok, Teong Chen, E-mail: ctck@live.com, & Hamid, Sheikh Abdul Rezan Sheikh Abdul, E-mail: rezanshk@gmail.com. Kinetic modelling of chlorination of nitrided ilmenite using MATLAB. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4958773.
Ramakrishnan, Sivakumar, E-mail: srsivakumar@usm.my, Kwok, Teong Chen, E-mail: ctck@live.com, and Hamid, Sheikh Abdul Rezan Sheikh Abdul, E-mail: rezanshk@gmail.com. Tue . "Kinetic modelling of chlorination of nitrided ilmenite using MATLAB". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4958773.
@article{osti_22608475,
title = {Kinetic modelling of chlorination of nitrided ilmenite using MATLAB},
author = {Ramakrishnan, Sivakumar, E-mail: srsivakumar@usm.my and Kwok, Teong Chen, E-mail: ctck@live.com and Hamid, Sheikh Abdul Rezan Sheikh Abdul, E-mail: rezanshk@gmail.com},
abstractNote = {In the present study, chlorination of nitride ilmenite using 2{sup k} factorial design was investigated. The reduction experiments were carried out in a temperature range of 400°C to 500°C, chlorination duration from 1 hour to 3 hours and using different type of carbon reactant. Phases of raw materials and reduced samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Ilmenite was reduced to TiO{sub x}C{sub y}N{sub z} through carbothermal and nitridation for further chlorination into titanium tetrachloride. The Design of Experiment analysis suggested that the types of carbon reactant contribute most influence to the extent of chlorination of nitride ilmenite. The extent of chlorination was highest at 500°C with 3 hours chlorination time and carbon nanotube as carbon reactant.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4958773},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1756,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jul 19 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Tue Jul 19 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}