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Title: A review on the performance and modelling of proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Abstract

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC), are energy efficient and environmentally friendly alternative to conventional energy conversion for various applications in stationary power plants, portable power device and transportation. PEM fuel cells provide low operating temperature and high-energy efficiency with near zero emission. A PEM fuel cell is a multiple distinct parts device and a series of mass, energy, transport through gas channels, electric current transport through membrane electrode assembly and electrochemical reactions at the triple-phase boundaries. These processes play a decisive role in determining the performance of the Fuel cell, so that studies on the phenomena of gas flows and the performance modelling are made deeply. This paper gives a comprehensive overview of the state of the art on the Study of the phenomena of gas flow and performance modelling of PEMFC.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Electrical Engineering, MSE Laboratory, Mohamed khider Biskra University (Algeria)
  2. R&D, Industrial Hybrid Vehicle Applications (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22608459
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1758; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: TMREES2016: Conference on technologies and materials for renewable energy, environment and sustainability, Beirut (Lebanon), 15-18 Apr 2016; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; EMISSION; ENERGY CONVERSION; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; GAS FLOW; POWER TRANSMISSION; PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS

Citation Formats

Boucetta, A., E-mail: abirboucetta@yahoo.fr, Ghodbane, H., E-mail: h.ghodbane@mselab.org, Bahri, M., E-mail: m.bahri@mselab.org, and Ayad, M. Y., E-mail: ayadmy@gmail.com. A review on the performance and modelling of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4959415.
Boucetta, A., E-mail: abirboucetta@yahoo.fr, Ghodbane, H., E-mail: h.ghodbane@mselab.org, Bahri, M., E-mail: m.bahri@mselab.org, & Ayad, M. Y., E-mail: ayadmy@gmail.com. A review on the performance and modelling of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4959415.
Boucetta, A., E-mail: abirboucetta@yahoo.fr, Ghodbane, H., E-mail: h.ghodbane@mselab.org, Bahri, M., E-mail: m.bahri@mselab.org, and Ayad, M. Y., E-mail: ayadmy@gmail.com. 2016. "A review on the performance and modelling of proton exchange membrane fuel cells". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4959415.
@article{osti_22608459,
title = {A review on the performance and modelling of proton exchange membrane fuel cells},
author = {Boucetta, A., E-mail: abirboucetta@yahoo.fr and Ghodbane, H., E-mail: h.ghodbane@mselab.org and Bahri, M., E-mail: m.bahri@mselab.org and Ayad, M. Y., E-mail: ayadmy@gmail.com},
abstractNote = {Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC), are energy efficient and environmentally friendly alternative to conventional energy conversion for various applications in stationary power plants, portable power device and transportation. PEM fuel cells provide low operating temperature and high-energy efficiency with near zero emission. A PEM fuel cell is a multiple distinct parts device and a series of mass, energy, transport through gas channels, electric current transport through membrane electrode assembly and electrochemical reactions at the triple-phase boundaries. These processes play a decisive role in determining the performance of the Fuel cell, so that studies on the phenomena of gas flows and the performance modelling are made deeply. This paper gives a comprehensive overview of the state of the art on the Study of the phenomena of gas flow and performance modelling of PEMFC.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4959415},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1758,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}
  • For widespread exploitation of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) the cost of the stack must be reduced, and the performance per unit volume increased. Significant cost reduction has been achieved by the development of a high-volume, low cost, electrode manufacturing process and from reductions in the electrode precious metal catalyst loadings. The performance of membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) employing printed cathodes ({le}0.6 mg Pt/cm{sup 2}) and anodes ({le}0.25 mg Pt/cm{sup 2}, 0.12 mg Ru/cm{sup 2}) in Ballard Mark V single-cell and advanced-stack hardware are at least comparable to current stack MEAs comprising high loading unsupported platinum black electrodes containingmore » 4.0 mg Pt/cm{sup 2}. Optimum cell performance has provided high power densities of 0.42 W/cm{sup 2} at 0.7 V. Furthermore, under motive and utility test conditions, the low-cost electrodes show minimal loss in performance after over 3,000 h of stack operation and, in short and full sized stacks, the cell-to-cell reproducibility is excellent, highlighting the high consistency of product available from the electrode manufacturing process. Incorporation of the low cost electrodes in commercial PEMFC stacks is anticipated in the near future.« less
  • In the present study, the properties of a series of non-platinum based nanoscale tantalum oxide/tungsten oxide-carbon composite catalysts was investigated for potential use in catalyzing the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on the cathode side of a PEM fuel cell membrane electrode assembly. Electrochemical performance was measured using a half-cell test set up with a rotating disc electrode and compared with a commercial platinum-on-carbon (Pt/C) catalyst. Overall, all of the oxide-based composite catalysts exhibit high ORR on-set potentials, comparable to that of the baseline Pt/C catalyst. The addition of tungsten oxide as a dopant to tantalum oxide greatly improved mass specificmore » current density. Maximum performance was achieved with a catalyst containing 32 mol% of tungsten oxide, which exhibited a mass specific current density ~8% that of the Pt/C catalyst at 0.6 V vs. the normal hydrogen electrode (NHE) and ~35% that of the Pt/C catalyst at 0.2 V vs. NHE. Results from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis indicated that the tungsten cations in the composite catalysts exist in the +6 oxidation state, while the tantalum displays an average valence of +5, suggesting that the addition of tungsten likely creates an oxygen excess in the tantalum oxide structure that influences its oxygen absorption kinetics. When the 32mol% tungsten doped catalyst loading on the working electrode was increased to five times that of the original loading (which was equivalent to that of the baseline Pt/C catalyst), the area specific current density improved four fold, achieving an area specific current density ~35% that of the Pt/C catalyst at 0.6 V vs. NHE.« less
  • A manufacturing and single-cell fuel cell performance study of stamped, laser welded, and gas nitrided ferritic stainless steel foils in an advanced automotive bipolar plate assembly design was performed. Two developmental foil compositions were studied: Fee20Cre4V and Fee23Cre4V wt.%. Foils 0.1 mm thick were stamped and then laser welded together to create single bipolar plate assemblies with cooling channels. The plates were then surface treated by pre-oxidation and nitridation in N2e4H2 based gas mixtures using either a conventional furnace or a short-cycle quartz lamp infrared heating system. Single-cell fuel cell testing was performed at 80 C for 500 h atmore » 0.3 A/cm2 using 100% humidification and a 100%/40% humidification cycle that stresses the membrane and enhances release of the fluoride ion and promotes a more corrosive environment for the bipolar plates. Periodic high frequency resistance potential-current scans during the 500 h fuel cell test and posttest analysis of the membrane indicated no resistance increase of the plates and only trace levels of metal ion contamination.« less