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Title: The first experience of using {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-based radiopharmaceutical for the detection of sentinel lymph nodes in cervical cancer patients

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of using {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-based radiopharmaceutical, a novel molecular imaging agent for sentinel lymph node detection in patients with invasive cervical cancer. The study included 23 cervical cancer patients (T1aNxMx-T2bNxMx) treated at the Tomsk Cancer Research Institute. In the 18 hours before surgery, 80 MBq of the {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} in peritumoral injected, followed by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the pelvis and intraoperative SLN identification. Twenty-seven SLNs were detected by SPECT, and 34 SLNs were identified by intraoperative gamma probe. The total number of identified SLNs per patient ranged from 1 to 3 (the mean number of SLNs was 1.4 per patient). The most common site for SLN detection was the external iliac region (57.2%), followed by the internal iliac (14%), obturator (14%), presacral and retrosacral regions (14%), and the parametrial region (1%). Sensitivity in detecting SLNs was 100% for intraoperative SLN identification and 79% for SPECT image.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Tomsk Cancer Research Institute, Kooperativny Street 5, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation)
  2. (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22608289
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1760; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: PC'16: International conference on physics of cancer: Interdisciplinary problems and clinical applications 2016, Tomsk (Russian Federation), 22-25 Mar 2016; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; DETECTION; LYMPH; LYMPH NODES; NEOPLASMS; PATIENTS; PHOTON EMISSION; PHOTONS; RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS; SENSITIVITY; SINGLE PHOTON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY; SURGERY; TECHNETIUM 99

Citation Formats

Sinilkin, I. G., Chernov, V. I., Medvedeva, A. A., Zelchan, R. V., Chernyshova, A. L., National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue 30, Tomsk, 634050, Lyapunov, A. Yu., E-mail: Lyapunov1720.90@mail.ru, Kolomiets, L. A., and Siberian State Medical University, Moskovsky Trakt 2, Tomsk, 634050. The first experience of using {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-based radiopharmaceutical for the detection of sentinel lymph nodes in cervical cancer patients. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4960279.
Sinilkin, I. G., Chernov, V. I., Medvedeva, A. A., Zelchan, R. V., Chernyshova, A. L., National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue 30, Tomsk, 634050, Lyapunov, A. Yu., E-mail: Lyapunov1720.90@mail.ru, Kolomiets, L. A., & Siberian State Medical University, Moskovsky Trakt 2, Tomsk, 634050. The first experience of using {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-based radiopharmaceutical for the detection of sentinel lymph nodes in cervical cancer patients. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4960279.
Sinilkin, I. G., Chernov, V. I., Medvedeva, A. A., Zelchan, R. V., Chernyshova, A. L., National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue 30, Tomsk, 634050, Lyapunov, A. Yu., E-mail: Lyapunov1720.90@mail.ru, Kolomiets, L. A., and Siberian State Medical University, Moskovsky Trakt 2, Tomsk, 634050. 2016. "The first experience of using {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-based radiopharmaceutical for the detection of sentinel lymph nodes in cervical cancer patients". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4960279.
@article{osti_22608289,
title = {The first experience of using {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-based radiopharmaceutical for the detection of sentinel lymph nodes in cervical cancer patients},
author = {Sinilkin, I. G. and Chernov, V. I. and Medvedeva, A. A. and Zelchan, R. V. and Chernyshova, A. L. and National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue 30, Tomsk, 634050 and Lyapunov, A. Yu., E-mail: Lyapunov1720.90@mail.ru and Kolomiets, L. A. and Siberian State Medical University, Moskovsky Trakt 2, Tomsk, 634050},
abstractNote = {The purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of using {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-based radiopharmaceutical, a novel molecular imaging agent for sentinel lymph node detection in patients with invasive cervical cancer. The study included 23 cervical cancer patients (T1aNxMx-T2bNxMx) treated at the Tomsk Cancer Research Institute. In the 18 hours before surgery, 80 MBq of the {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} in peritumoral injected, followed by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the pelvis and intraoperative SLN identification. Twenty-seven SLNs were detected by SPECT, and 34 SLNs were identified by intraoperative gamma probe. The total number of identified SLNs per patient ranged from 1 to 3 (the mean number of SLNs was 1.4 per patient). The most common site for SLN detection was the external iliac region (57.2%), followed by the internal iliac (14%), obturator (14%), presacral and retrosacral regions (14%), and the parametrial region (1%). Sensitivity in detecting SLNs was 100% for intraoperative SLN identification and 79% for SPECT image.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4960279},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1760,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}
  • Purpose: To evaluate the metabolic response of uterine cervix and pelvic lymph nodes (LNs) using consecutive {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) immediately after RT and to correlate survival outcome with the metabolic response. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed 48 patients with cervical cancer who had positive pelvic LNs by preradiation therapy (pre-RT) PET/CT. All patients underwent PET/CT scans immediately after RT (inter-RT PET/CT) after median 63 Gy to the gross LNs. The metabolic response of the LNs was assessed quantitatively and semiquantitatively by measurement of the maximal standardized uptake value (SUV{sub max}). Results: Classifying the metabolic response ofmore » all nodal lesions, 37 patients (77%) had LNs with complete metabolic response on the inter-RT PET/CT (LNCMRi), and 11 patients had a non-LNCMRi, including 4 patients with progressive metabolic disease. The overall 3-year survival rates were 83% for the patients with LNCMRi and 73% for the non-LNCMRi group (P=.038). The disease-free survival for patients with LNCMRi were significantly better than that for the non-LNCMRi group (71% vs 18%, respectively, P<.001). The 3-year distant metastasis-free survival rates were 79% for the patients with LNCMRi and 27% for the non-LNCMRi group (P<.001). There were no statistically significant differences in overall survival (76% vs 86%, respectively, P=.954) and disease-free survival rates (58% vs 61%, respectively, P=.818) between the CMR of primary cervical tumor and the non-CMR groups. Conclusions: The results showed a significant correlation between survival outcome and the interim metabolic response of pelvic LNs. CMR of nodal lesion on inter-RT PET/CT had excellent overall survival, disease-free survival and distant metastasis-free survival rates. This suggested that PET/CT immediately after RT can be a useful tool for the evaluation of the interim response of the LNs and identify a subset of patients with a high risk of recurrence and poor survival in patients with cervical cancer with initial positive LNs.« less
  • Purpose: to study the feasibility of using the new radiopharmaceutical based on the technetium-99m-labeled gamma-alumina for identification of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in breast cancer patients. The study included two groups of breast cancer patients who underwent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and intraoperaive gamma probe identification of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs). To identify SLNs, the day before surgery Group I patients (n = 34) were injected with radioactive {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and Group II patients (n = 30) received {sup 99m}Tc-labeled phytate colloid. A total of 37 SLNs were detected in Group I patients. The number ofmore » identified SLNs per patient ranged from 1 to 2 (the average number of identified SLNs was 1.08). Axillary lymph nodes were the most common site of SLN localization. 18 hours after {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} injection, the percentage of its accumulation in the SLN was 7–11% (of the counts in the injection site) by SPECT and 17–31% by gamma probe detection. In Group II SLNs were detected in 27 patients. 18 hours after injection of the phytate colloid the percentage of its accumulation in the SLN was 1.5–2% out of the counts in the injection site by SPECT and 4–7% by gamma probe. The new radiopharmaceutical based on the {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} demonstrates high accumulation in SLNs without redistribution through the entire lymphatic basin. The sensitivity and specificity of {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were 100% for both SPECT and intraoperative gamma probe identification.« less
  • Purpose: Conformal treatment of para-aortic lymph nodes (PAN) in cervical cancer allows dose escalation and reduces normal tissue toxicity. Currently, data documenting the precise location of involved PAN are lacking. We define the spatial distribution of this high-risk nodal volume by analyzing fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avid lymph nodes (LNs) on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scans in patients with cervical cancer. Methods and Materials: We identified 72 PANs on pretreatment PET/CT of 30 patients with newly diagnosed stage IB-IVA cervical cancer treated with definitive chemoradiation. LNs were classified as left-lateral para-aortic (LPA), aortocaval (AC), or right paracaval (RPC). Distances from the LNmore » center to the closest vessel and adjacent vertebral body were calculated. Using deformable image registration, nodes were mapped to a template computed tomogram to provide a visual impression of nodal frequencies and anatomic distribution. Results: We identified 72 PET-positive para-aortic lymph nodes (37 LPA, 32 AC, 3 RPC). All RPC lymph nodes were in the inferior third of the para-aortic region. The mean distance from aorta for all lymph nodes was 8.3 mm (range, 3-17 mm), and from the inferior vena cava was 5.6 mm (range, 2-10 mm). Of the 72 lymph nodes, 60% were in the inferior third, 36% were in the middle third, and 4% were in the upper third of the para-aortic region. In all, 29 of 30 patients also had FDG-avid pelvic lymph nodes. Conclusions: A total of 96% of PET positive nodes were adjacent to the aorta; PET positive nodes to the right of the IVC were rare and were all located distally, within 3 cm of the aortic bifurcation. Our findings suggest that circumferential margins around the vessels do not accurately define the nodal region at risk. Instead, the anatomical extent of the nodal basin should be contoured on each axial image to provide optimal coverage of the para-aortic nodal compartment.« less
  • Purpose: Irradiation of adjuvant lymph nodes in high-risk prostate cancer was shown to be associated with improved rates of biochemical nonevidence of disease in the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trial (RTOG 94-13). To account for the highly individual lymphatic drainage pattern we tested an intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) approach based on the determination of pelvic sentinel lymph nodes (SN). Methods and Materials: Patients with a risk of more than 15% lymph node involvement were included. For treatment planning, SN localizations were included into the pelvic clinical target volume. Dose prescriptions were 50.4 Gy to the adjuvant area and 70.0 Gymore » to the prostate. All treatment plans were generated using equivalent uniform dose (EUD)-based optimization algorithms and Monte Carlo dose calculations and compared with 3D conventional plans. Results: A total of 25 patients were treated and 142 SN were detectable (mean: n = 5.7; range, 0-13). Most SN were found in the external iliac (35%), the internal iliac (18.3%), and the iliac commune (11.3%) regions. Using a standard CT-based planning target volume, relevant SN would have been missed in 19 of 25 patients, mostly in the presacral/perirectal area (22 SN in 12 patients). The comparison of conventional 3D plans with the respective IMRT plans revealed a clear superiority of the IMRT plans. No gastrointestinal or genitourinary acute toxicity Grade 3 or 4 (RTOG criteria) occurred. Conclusions: Distributions of SN are highly variable. Data for SN derived from single photon emission computed tomography are easily integrated into an IMRT-based treatment strategy. By using SN data the probability of a geographic miss is reduced. The use of IMRT allows sparing of normal tissue irradiation.« less
  • Purpose: Sentinel lymph node-positive (SLN+) patients who are unlikely to have 4 or more involved axillary nodes might be treated with less extensive regional nodal radiation. The purpose of this study was to define possible predictors of having 4 or more involved axillary nodes. Methods and Materials: The records of 224 patients with breast cancer and 1 to 3 involved SLNs, who underwent completion axillary dissection without neoadjuvant chemotherapy or hormonal therapy were reviewed. Factors associated with the presence of 4 or more involved axillary nodes (SLNs plus non-SLNs) were evaluated by Pearson chi-square test of association and by simplemore » and multiple logistic-regression analysis. Results: Of 224 patients, 42 had involvement of 4 or more axillary nodes. On univariate analysis, the presence of 4 or more involved axillary nodes was positively associated with increased tumor size, lobular histology, lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI), increased number of involved SLNs, decreased number of uninvolved SLNs, and increased size of SLN metastasis. On multivariate analysis, the presence of 4 or more involved axillary nodes was associated with LVSI, increased number of involved SLNs, increased size of SLN metastasis, and lobular histology. Conclusions: Patients with 1 or more involved SLN, LVSI, or SLN macrometastasis should be treated to the supraclavicular fossa/axillary apex if they do not undergo completion axillary dissection. Other SLN+ patients might be adequately treated with less extensive radiation fields.« less