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Title: Laser-induced fluorescence measurements of argon and xenon ion velocities near the sheath boundary in 3 ion species plasmas

Abstract

The Bohm sheath criterion is studied with laser-induced fluorescence in three ion species plasmas using two tunable diode lasers. Krypton is added to a low pressure unmagnetized DC hot filament discharge in a mixture of argon and xenon gas confined by surface multi-dipole magnetic fields. The argon and xenon ion velocity distribution functions are measured at the sheath-presheath boundary near a negatively biased boundary plate. The potential structures of the plasma sheath and presheath are measured by an emissive probe. Results are compared with previous experiments with Ar–Xe plasmas, where the two ion species were observed to reach the sheath edge at nearly the same speed. This speed was the ion sound speed of the system, which is consistent with the generalized Bohm criterion. In such two ion species plasmas, instability enhanced collisional friction was demonstrated [Hershkowitz et al., Phys. Plasmas 18(5), 057102 (2011).] to exist which accounted for the observed results. When three ion species are present, it is demonstrated under most circumstances the ions do not fall out of the plasma at their individual Bohm velocities. It is also shown that under most circumstances the ions do not fall out of the plasma at the system sound speed.more » These observations are also consistent with the presence of the instabilities.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Department of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, University of San Diego, San Diego, California 92110 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22600170
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ARGON; BOHM CRITERION; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DIPOLES; DISTRIBUTION; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; FILAMENTS; FLUORESCENCE; FRICTION; KRYPTON; LASERS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MIXTURES; PLASMA INSTABILITY; PLASMA SHEATH; SOUND WAVES; VELOCITY; XENON; XENON IONS

Citation Formats

Yip, Chi-Shung, Hershkowitz, Noah, Severn, Greg, and Baalrud, Scott D. Laser-induced fluorescence measurements of argon and xenon ion velocities near the sheath boundary in 3 ion species plasmas. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4950823.
Yip, Chi-Shung, Hershkowitz, Noah, Severn, Greg, & Baalrud, Scott D. Laser-induced fluorescence measurements of argon and xenon ion velocities near the sheath boundary in 3 ion species plasmas. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4950823.
Yip, Chi-Shung, Hershkowitz, Noah, Severn, Greg, and Baalrud, Scott D. Sun . "Laser-induced fluorescence measurements of argon and xenon ion velocities near the sheath boundary in 3 ion species plasmas". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4950823.
@article{osti_22600170,
title = {Laser-induced fluorescence measurements of argon and xenon ion velocities near the sheath boundary in 3 ion species plasmas},
author = {Yip, Chi-Shung and Hershkowitz, Noah and Severn, Greg and Baalrud, Scott D.},
abstractNote = {The Bohm sheath criterion is studied with laser-induced fluorescence in three ion species plasmas using two tunable diode lasers. Krypton is added to a low pressure unmagnetized DC hot filament discharge in a mixture of argon and xenon gas confined by surface multi-dipole magnetic fields. The argon and xenon ion velocity distribution functions are measured at the sheath-presheath boundary near a negatively biased boundary plate. The potential structures of the plasma sheath and presheath are measured by an emissive probe. Results are compared with previous experiments with Ar–Xe plasmas, where the two ion species were observed to reach the sheath edge at nearly the same speed. This speed was the ion sound speed of the system, which is consistent with the generalized Bohm criterion. In such two ion species plasmas, instability enhanced collisional friction was demonstrated [Hershkowitz et al., Phys. Plasmas 18(5), 057102 (2011).] to exist which accounted for the observed results. When three ion species are present, it is demonstrated under most circumstances the ions do not fall out of the plasma at their individual Bohm velocities. It is also shown that under most circumstances the ions do not fall out of the plasma at the system sound speed. These observations are also consistent with the presence of the instabilities.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4950823},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 5,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}