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Title: Vacuum arcing behavior between transverse magnetic field contacts subjected to variable axial magnetic field

Abstract

The objective of this work is to reveal the effects of an axial magnetic field (AMF) on the vacuum arc characteristics between transverse magnetic field (TMF) contacts. These vacuum arc characteristics include the vacuum arcing behavior and the arc voltage waveform. In the experiments, an external AMF was applied to a pair of TMF contacts. The external AMF flux density B{sub AMF} can be adjusted from 0 to 110 mT. The arc current in the tests varied over a range from 0 to 20 kA rms at 45 Hz. The contact material was CuCr25 (25% Cr). A high-speed charge-coupled device video camera was used to record the vacuum arc evolution. The experimental results show that the application of the AMF effectively reduces the TMF arc voltage noise component and reduces the formation of liquid metal drops between the contacts. The diffuse arc duration increases linearly with increasing AMF flux density, but it also decreases linearly with increasing arc current under application of the external AMF. The results also indicate that the diffuse arc duration before the current zero is usually more than 1 ms under the condition that the value of the AMF per kiloampere is more than 2.0 mT/kA. Finally, under application of themore » AMF, the arc column of the TMF contacts may constrict and remain in the center region without transverse rotation. Therefore, the combined TMF–AMF contacts should be designed such that they guarantee that the AMF is not so strong as to oppose transverse rotation of the arc column.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22600156
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CHARGE-COUPLED DEVICES; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; FLUX DENSITY; LIQUID METALS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NOISE; ROTATING PLASMA; TELEVISION CAMERAS; VELOCITY; WAVE FORMS

Citation Formats

Ma, Hui, Wang, Jianhua, Liu, Zhiyuan, Geng, Yingsan, Wang, Zhenxing, and Yan, Jing. Vacuum arcing behavior between transverse magnetic field contacts subjected to variable axial magnetic field. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4954301.
Ma, Hui, Wang, Jianhua, Liu, Zhiyuan, Geng, Yingsan, Wang, Zhenxing, & Yan, Jing. Vacuum arcing behavior between transverse magnetic field contacts subjected to variable axial magnetic field. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4954301.
Ma, Hui, Wang, Jianhua, Liu, Zhiyuan, Geng, Yingsan, Wang, Zhenxing, and Yan, Jing. Wed . "Vacuum arcing behavior between transverse magnetic field contacts subjected to variable axial magnetic field". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4954301.
@article{osti_22600156,
title = {Vacuum arcing behavior between transverse magnetic field contacts subjected to variable axial magnetic field},
author = {Ma, Hui and Wang, Jianhua and Liu, Zhiyuan and Geng, Yingsan and Wang, Zhenxing and Yan, Jing},
abstractNote = {The objective of this work is to reveal the effects of an axial magnetic field (AMF) on the vacuum arc characteristics between transverse magnetic field (TMF) contacts. These vacuum arc characteristics include the vacuum arcing behavior and the arc voltage waveform. In the experiments, an external AMF was applied to a pair of TMF contacts. The external AMF flux density B{sub AMF} can be adjusted from 0 to 110 mT. The arc current in the tests varied over a range from 0 to 20 kA rms at 45 Hz. The contact material was CuCr25 (25% Cr). A high-speed charge-coupled device video camera was used to record the vacuum arc evolution. The experimental results show that the application of the AMF effectively reduces the TMF arc voltage noise component and reduces the formation of liquid metal drops between the contacts. The diffuse arc duration increases linearly with increasing AMF flux density, but it also decreases linearly with increasing arc current under application of the external AMF. The results also indicate that the diffuse arc duration before the current zero is usually more than 1 ms under the condition that the value of the AMF per kiloampere is more than 2.0 mT/kA. Finally, under application of the AMF, the arc column of the TMF contacts may constrict and remain in the center region without transverse rotation. Therefore, the combined TMF–AMF contacts should be designed such that they guarantee that the AMF is not so strong as to oppose transverse rotation of the arc column.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4954301},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 6,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}