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Title: Experimental investigation of cathode spots and plasma jets behavior subjected to two kinds of axial magnetic field electrodes

Abstract

In this paper, cathode spot plasma jet (CSPJ) rotation and cathode spots behavior subjected to two kinds of large diameter axial magnetic field (AMF) electrode (cup-shaped and coil-shaped) are studied and analyzed based on experiments. The influence of gap distances on the CSPJ rotational behavior is analyzed. Experimental results show that CSPJ rotational phenomena extensively exist in the vacuum interrupters, and CSPJ rotational direction is along the direction of composite magnetic field (mainly the combination of the axial and azimuthal components). For coil-shaped and cup-shaped AMF electrodes, the rotational or inclination phenomena before the current peak value are much more significant than that after current peak value (for the same arc current), which is related to the larger ratio of azimuthal magnetic field B{sub t} and AMF B{sub z} (B{sub t}/B{sub z}). With the increase of the gap distance, the AMF strength decreases, when the arc current is kept as constant, the azimuthal magnetic field is kept invariable, the ratio between azimuthal magnetic field and AMF is increased, which results in the increase of rotational effect. For cathode spots motion, compared with cup-shaped electrode, coil-shaped electrode has the inverse AMF direction. The Robson drift direction of cathode spots of coil-shapedmore » electrode is opposite to that of cup-shaped electrode. With the increase of gap distance, the Robson angle is decreased, which is associated with the reduced AMF strength. Erosion imprints of anode and cathode are also related to the CSPJ rotational phenomena and cathode spots behavior. The noise of arc voltage in the initial arcing stage is related to the weaker AMF.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22599171
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ANODES; CATHODES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DISTANCE; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; EROSION; INCLINATION; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NOISE; PLASMA JETS; ROTATING PLASMA

Citation Formats

Wang, Lijun, Deng, Jie, Zhou, Xin, Jia, Shenli, Qian, Zhonghao, and Shi, Zongqian. Experimental investigation of cathode spots and plasma jets behavior subjected to two kinds of axial magnetic field electrodes. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4947561.
Wang, Lijun, Deng, Jie, Zhou, Xin, Jia, Shenli, Qian, Zhonghao, & Shi, Zongqian. Experimental investigation of cathode spots and plasma jets behavior subjected to two kinds of axial magnetic field electrodes. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4947561.
Wang, Lijun, Deng, Jie, Zhou, Xin, Jia, Shenli, Qian, Zhonghao, and Shi, Zongqian. Fri . "Experimental investigation of cathode spots and plasma jets behavior subjected to two kinds of axial magnetic field electrodes". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4947561.
@article{osti_22599171,
title = {Experimental investigation of cathode spots and plasma jets behavior subjected to two kinds of axial magnetic field electrodes},
author = {Wang, Lijun and Deng, Jie and Zhou, Xin and Jia, Shenli and Qian, Zhonghao and Shi, Zongqian},
abstractNote = {In this paper, cathode spot plasma jet (CSPJ) rotation and cathode spots behavior subjected to two kinds of large diameter axial magnetic field (AMF) electrode (cup-shaped and coil-shaped) are studied and analyzed based on experiments. The influence of gap distances on the CSPJ rotational behavior is analyzed. Experimental results show that CSPJ rotational phenomena extensively exist in the vacuum interrupters, and CSPJ rotational direction is along the direction of composite magnetic field (mainly the combination of the axial and azimuthal components). For coil-shaped and cup-shaped AMF electrodes, the rotational or inclination phenomena before the current peak value are much more significant than that after current peak value (for the same arc current), which is related to the larger ratio of azimuthal magnetic field B{sub t} and AMF B{sub z} (B{sub t}/B{sub z}). With the increase of the gap distance, the AMF strength decreases, when the arc current is kept as constant, the azimuthal magnetic field is kept invariable, the ratio between azimuthal magnetic field and AMF is increased, which results in the increase of rotational effect. For cathode spots motion, compared with cup-shaped electrode, coil-shaped electrode has the inverse AMF direction. The Robson drift direction of cathode spots of coil-shaped electrode is opposite to that of cup-shaped electrode. With the increase of gap distance, the Robson angle is decreased, which is associated with the reduced AMF strength. Erosion imprints of anode and cathode are also related to the CSPJ rotational phenomena and cathode spots behavior. The noise of arc voltage in the initial arcing stage is related to the weaker AMF.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4947561},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 4,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}