# Radiation forces and torque on a rigid elliptical cylinder in acoustical plane progressive and (quasi)standing waves with arbitrary incidence

## Abstract

This paper presents two key contributions; the first concerns the development of analytical expressions for the axial and transverse acoustic radiation forces exerted on a 2D rigid elliptical cylinder placed in the field of plane progressive, quasi-standing, or standing waves with arbitrary incidence. The second emphasis is on the acoustic radiation torque per length. The rigid elliptical cylinder case is important to be considered as a first-order approximation of the behavior of a cylindrical fluid column trapped in air because of the significant acoustic impedance mismatch at the particle boundary. Based on the rigorous partial-wave series expansion method in cylindrical coordinates, non-dimensional acoustic radiation force and torque functions are derived and defined in terms of the scattering coefficients of the elliptic cylinder. A coupled system of linear equations is obtained after applying the Neumann boundary condition for an immovable surface in a non-viscous fluid and solved numerically by matrix inversion after performing a single numerical integration procedure. Computational results for the non-dimensional force components and torque, showing the transition from the progressive to the (equi-amplitude) standing wave behavior, are performed with particular emphasis on the aspect ratio a/b, where a and b are the semi-axes of the ellipse, the dimensionlessmore »

- Authors:

- Chevron, Area 52 Technology—ETC, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87508 (United States)

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 22598915

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Journal Name:
- Physics of Fluids

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1070-6631

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 42 ENGINEERING; AIR; APPROXIMATIONS; ASPECT RATIO; CROSS SECTIONS; CYLINDERS; CYLINDRICAL CONFIGURATION; GEOMETRY; IMPEDANCE; INCIDENCE ANGLE; LENGTH; MATRICES; PARTIAL WAVES; PARTICLES; SCATTERING; SERIES EXPANSION; STANDING WAVES; SURFACES; TORQUE

### Citation Formats

```
Mitri, F. G., E-mail: F.G.Mitri@ieee.org.
```*Radiation forces and torque on a rigid elliptical cylinder in acoustical plane progressive and (quasi)standing waves with arbitrary incidence*. United States: N. p., 2016.
Web. doi:10.1063/1.4959071.

```
Mitri, F. G., E-mail: F.G.Mitri@ieee.org.
```*Radiation forces and torque on a rigid elliptical cylinder in acoustical plane progressive and (quasi)standing waves with arbitrary incidence*. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4959071

```
Mitri, F. G., E-mail: F.G.Mitri@ieee.org. Fri .
"Radiation forces and torque on a rigid elliptical cylinder in acoustical plane progressive and (quasi)standing waves with arbitrary incidence". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4959071.
```

```
@article{osti_22598915,
```

title = {Radiation forces and torque on a rigid elliptical cylinder in acoustical plane progressive and (quasi)standing waves with arbitrary incidence},

author = {Mitri, F. G., E-mail: F.G.Mitri@ieee.org},

abstractNote = {This paper presents two key contributions; the first concerns the development of analytical expressions for the axial and transverse acoustic radiation forces exerted on a 2D rigid elliptical cylinder placed in the field of plane progressive, quasi-standing, or standing waves with arbitrary incidence. The second emphasis is on the acoustic radiation torque per length. The rigid elliptical cylinder case is important to be considered as a first-order approximation of the behavior of a cylindrical fluid column trapped in air because of the significant acoustic impedance mismatch at the particle boundary. Based on the rigorous partial-wave series expansion method in cylindrical coordinates, non-dimensional acoustic radiation force and torque functions are derived and defined in terms of the scattering coefficients of the elliptic cylinder. A coupled system of linear equations is obtained after applying the Neumann boundary condition for an immovable surface in a non-viscous fluid and solved numerically by matrix inversion after performing a single numerical integration procedure. Computational results for the non-dimensional force components and torque, showing the transition from the progressive to the (equi-amplitude) standing wave behavior, are performed with particular emphasis on the aspect ratio a/b, where a and b are the semi-axes of the ellipse, the dimensionless size parameter, as well as the angle of incidence ranging from end-on to broadside incidence. The results show that the elliptical geometry has a direct influence on the radiation force and torque, so that the standard theory for circular cylinders (at normal incidence) leads to significant miscalculations when the cylinder cross section becomes non-circular. Moreover, the elliptical cylinder experiences, in addition to the acoustic radiation force, a radiation torque that vanishes for the circular cylinder case. The application of the formalism presented here may be extended to other 2D surfaces of arbitrary shape, such as Chebyshev cylindrical particles with a small deformation, stadiums (with oval shape), or other non-circular geometries.},

doi = {10.1063/1.4959071},

url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22598915},
journal = {Physics of Fluids},

issn = {1070-6631},

number = 7,

volume = 28,

place = {United States},

year = {2016},

month = {7}

}