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Title: High charge-discharge performance of Pb{sub 0.98}La{sub 0.02}(Zr{sub 0.35}Sn{sub 0.55}Ti{sub 0.10}){sub 0.995}O{sub 3} antiferroelectric ceramics

Abstract

The energy storage performance and charge-discharge properties of Pb{sub 0.98}La{sub 0.02}(Zr{sub 0.35}Sn{sub 0.55}Ti{sub 0.10}){sub 0.995}O{sub 3} (PLZST) antiferroelectric ceramics were investigated through directly measuring the hysteresis loops and pulse discharge current-time curves. The energy density only varies 0.2% per degree from 25 °C to 85 °C, and the energy efficiency maintains at about 90%. Furthermore, an approximate calculating model of maximum power density p{sub max} was established for the discharge process. Under a relatively high working electric field (8.2 kV/mm), this ceramics possess a greatly enhanced power density of 18 MW/cm{sup 3}. Moreover, the pulse power properties did not show degradation until 1500 times of charge-discharge cycling. The large released energy density, high energy efficiency, good temperature stability, greatly enhanced power density, and excellent fatigue endurance combined together make this PLZST ceramics an ideal candidate for pulse power applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Key Laboratory of Inorganic Functional Materials and Devices, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Shanghai 200050 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22598861
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANTIFERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; CERAMICS; DIAGRAMS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ENERGY DENSITY; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; ENERGY STORAGE; FATIGUE; HYSTERESIS; LANTHANUM OXIDES; LEAD OXIDES; PERFORMANCE; POWER DENSITY; PULSES; TIN OXIDES; TITANIUM OXIDES; ZIRCONIUM OXIDES

Citation Formats

Xu, Chenhong, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, Liu, Zhen, Chen, Xuefeng, Yan, Shiguang, Cao, Fei, Dong, Xianlin, and Wang, Genshui, E-mail: genshuiwang@mail.sic.ac.cn. High charge-discharge performance of Pb{sub 0.98}La{sub 0.02}(Zr{sub 0.35}Sn{sub 0.55}Ti{sub 0.10}){sub 0.995}O{sub 3} antiferroelectric ceramics. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4961329.
Xu, Chenhong, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, Liu, Zhen, Chen, Xuefeng, Yan, Shiguang, Cao, Fei, Dong, Xianlin, & Wang, Genshui, E-mail: genshuiwang@mail.sic.ac.cn. High charge-discharge performance of Pb{sub 0.98}La{sub 0.02}(Zr{sub 0.35}Sn{sub 0.55}Ti{sub 0.10}){sub 0.995}O{sub 3} antiferroelectric ceramics. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4961329.
Xu, Chenhong, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, Liu, Zhen, Chen, Xuefeng, Yan, Shiguang, Cao, Fei, Dong, Xianlin, and Wang, Genshui, E-mail: genshuiwang@mail.sic.ac.cn. 2016. "High charge-discharge performance of Pb{sub 0.98}La{sub 0.02}(Zr{sub 0.35}Sn{sub 0.55}Ti{sub 0.10}){sub 0.995}O{sub 3} antiferroelectric ceramics". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4961329.
@article{osti_22598861,
title = {High charge-discharge performance of Pb{sub 0.98}La{sub 0.02}(Zr{sub 0.35}Sn{sub 0.55}Ti{sub 0.10}){sub 0.995}O{sub 3} antiferroelectric ceramics},
author = {Xu, Chenhong and University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 and Liu, Zhen and Chen, Xuefeng and Yan, Shiguang and Cao, Fei and Dong, Xianlin and Wang, Genshui, E-mail: genshuiwang@mail.sic.ac.cn},
abstractNote = {The energy storage performance and charge-discharge properties of Pb{sub 0.98}La{sub 0.02}(Zr{sub 0.35}Sn{sub 0.55}Ti{sub 0.10}){sub 0.995}O{sub 3} (PLZST) antiferroelectric ceramics were investigated through directly measuring the hysteresis loops and pulse discharge current-time curves. The energy density only varies 0.2% per degree from 25 °C to 85 °C, and the energy efficiency maintains at about 90%. Furthermore, an approximate calculating model of maximum power density p{sub max} was established for the discharge process. Under a relatively high working electric field (8.2 kV/mm), this ceramics possess a greatly enhanced power density of 18 MW/cm{sup 3}. Moreover, the pulse power properties did not show degradation until 1500 times of charge-discharge cycling. The large released energy density, high energy efficiency, good temperature stability, greatly enhanced power density, and excellent fatigue endurance combined together make this PLZST ceramics an ideal candidate for pulse power applications.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4961329},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 7,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}
  • The emergence of magnetic properties and quadratic magnetoelectric coupling in a material with outstanding ferroelectric properties has been pursued. Thus, the multiferroicity driven by the substitution of rare earth R{sup 3+} ions (R = Sm, Nd) on the A-site of PbTiO{sub 3} perovskite ceramics has been investigated. In some samples, a transition element with large ionic radius, like Fe{sup 2+}, has been also added on the A site. Polycrystalline ceramic samples with composition (Pb{sub 1-3x/2-y}R{sub x}Fe{sub y}) (Ti{sub 0.98}Mn{sub 0.02})O{sub 3} (R = Sm; x = 0.08, y = 0.035) and (Pb{sub 1−3x/2}R{sub x})(Ti{sub 0.98}Mn{sub 0.02})O{sub 3} (R = Nd, x = 0.08) have been prepared by conventional solid state ceramic processing,more » starting from reagent grade oxide powders. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the obtaining of a crystalline phase with tetragonal P4 mm symmetry. Transmission electron microscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscopy investigations have been carried out in order to analyze the local structure. Temperature dependence of dielectric permittivity revealed a strong anomaly at the temperature T{sub c} of the paraelectric-ferroelectric phase transition. Transition temperature values depend on the R ion type and are lower than in pure lead titanate by 80–100 K. A broad anomaly of dielectric permittivity is found below 140–180 K, where magnetization also increases due to the quadratic magnetoelectric coupling between ferroelectric and magnetic states. For the (Pb{sub 0.845}Sm{sub 0.08}Fe{sub 0.035})(Ti{sub 0.98}Mn{sub 0.02})O{sub 3} composition, the piezoelectric charge coefficient at room temperature was d{sub 31} ∼−6.5 pC/N and the remanent magnetization M{sub r} at room temperature was about 0.1 emu/g.« less
  • Most antiferroelectric ceramics are modified from the prototype PbZrO{sub 3} by adding Sn and Ti in conjunction with small amount of Nb or La to optimize their properties. These modifiers introduce unique nanoscale structural feature to the ceramics in the form of incommensurate modulations. It was shown previously that the modulation is strongly responsive to a change in chemical composition or temperature. However, its response to an electric field, the driving force in real applications, has not been explored before. In the present work the dynamic evolution of the incommensurate modulation during the electric field-induced antiferroelectric-to-ferroelectric transformation was observed withmore » an in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) technique. The results indicate that the incommensurate modulation exists as a transverse Pb-cation displacement wave. The wavelength was found to be quite stable against external electrical stimuli, in sharp contrast to the dramatic change under thermal stimuli reported previously. It is suggested that the appeared incommensurate modulation is an average effect of a mixture of two commensurate modulations. The electric field-induced antiferroelectric-to-ferroelectric transformation proceeds with aligning the Pb-cation displacements, which resembles the process of 90 deg. reorientation and 180 deg. reversal in normal ferroelectrics.« less
  • No abstract prepared.
  • The photosensitive lanthanum-doped lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) gel films were prepared by chemical modification with acetylacetone (AcAcH), and their fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra and ultraviolet visible (UV-Vis) spectra were measured. The results show that the chelate rings of AcAcH with Ti or Zr are formed in the PLZT gel films. With irradiation of UV light, the chelate rings are photolyzed, and lead to a change of the solubility of the PLZT gel films in methanol. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) observations show that the perovskite phase is crystallized in PLZT thin film after heat treatment at 700 deg. C, whosemore » grain sizes are less than or equal to 60 nm. The PLZT thin films exhibited hysteresis loops and good fatigue properties.« less
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