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Title: Spontaneous nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and ER stress in Sidt2 deficiency mice

Abstract

Sidt2 is a newly discovered lysosomal membrane protein that is closely related to glucose metabolism. In the present study, we found that Sidt2 is also closely related to lipid metabolism. Gradual increases in serum triglyceride (TG) and free fatty acid, as well as elevated aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels were observed in Sidt2{sup −/−} mice fed a normal diet from the age of 3 months, suggesting the presence of lipid metabolism disorders and impaired liver function in these mice. In the liver slices of 6-month-old Sidt2{sup −/−} mice, there were obvious fat degeneration and inflammatory changes. Almost all of the liver cells demonstrated different levels of lipid droplet accumulation and cell swelling, and some of the cells demonstrated balloon-like changes. Infiltration of inflammatory cells was observed in the portal area and hepatic lobule. Electron microscopy showed that macrophages tended to be attached to the endothelial cells, and a large number of lipid droplets were present in the liver cells. Oil red O staining showed that there were significantly increased number of deep straining particles in the liver cells of Sidt2{sup −/−} mice, and the TG content in liver tissue was also significantly increased. Detection of key genes and proteinsmore » related to fat synthesis showed that mRNA and protein levels of the SREBP1c in the liver of Sidt2{sup −/−} mice were significantly elevated, and the downstream genes acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase, and mitochondrial glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase were significantly upregulated. In addition, there was severe endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in the liver of Sidt2{sup −/−} mice, which had significantly increased levels of markers specific for unfolded protein response activation, Grp78 and CHOP, as well as significant elevation of downstream p-PERK, p-eIF2a, p-IRE1a, along with ER damage. These results suggest that Sidt2{sup −/−} mice had spontaneous nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) accompanied by ERS. In summary, as a lysosomal membrane protein, Sidt2 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of NAFLD, and ERS may mediate the occurrence and development of this disease in Sdit2 deficiency mice.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [3];  [2]
  1. Department of Endocrinology and Genetic Metabolism, Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241002 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22598789
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications; Journal Volume: 476; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ALANINES; AMINOTRANSFERASES; ANIMAL TISSUES; CARBOXYLASE; CLEAVAGE; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM; GLUCOSE; GLYCEROL; INFLAMMATION; LIVER; LIVER CELLS; MACROPHAGES; MEMBRANE PROTEINS; MESSENGER-RNA; METABOLISM; MICE; MITOCHONDRIA; PHOSPHATES; STEROLS; SWELLING; TRANSCRIPTION; TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS; TRIGLYCERIDES

Citation Formats

Gao, Jialin, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001, Zhang, Yao, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002, Yu, Cui, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001, Tan, Fengbiao, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002, Wang, Lizhuo, E-mail: 19277924@qq.com, and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002. Spontaneous nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and ER stress in Sidt2 deficiency mice. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/J.BBRC.2016.05.122.
Gao, Jialin, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001, Zhang, Yao, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002, Yu, Cui, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001, Tan, Fengbiao, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002, Wang, Lizhuo, E-mail: 19277924@qq.com, & Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002. Spontaneous nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and ER stress in Sidt2 deficiency mice. United States. doi:10.1016/J.BBRC.2016.05.122.
Gao, Jialin, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001, Zhang, Yao, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002, Yu, Cui, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001, Tan, Fengbiao, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002, Wang, Lizhuo, E-mail: 19277924@qq.com, and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002. Fri . "Spontaneous nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and ER stress in Sidt2 deficiency mice". United States. doi:10.1016/J.BBRC.2016.05.122.
@article{osti_22598789,
title = {Spontaneous nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and ER stress in Sidt2 deficiency mice},
author = {Gao, Jialin and Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001 and Zhang, Yao and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002 and Yu, Cui and Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001 and Tan, Fengbiao and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002 and Wang, Lizhuo, E-mail: 19277924@qq.com and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002},
abstractNote = {Sidt2 is a newly discovered lysosomal membrane protein that is closely related to glucose metabolism. In the present study, we found that Sidt2 is also closely related to lipid metabolism. Gradual increases in serum triglyceride (TG) and free fatty acid, as well as elevated aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels were observed in Sidt2{sup −/−} mice fed a normal diet from the age of 3 months, suggesting the presence of lipid metabolism disorders and impaired liver function in these mice. In the liver slices of 6-month-old Sidt2{sup −/−} mice, there were obvious fat degeneration and inflammatory changes. Almost all of the liver cells demonstrated different levels of lipid droplet accumulation and cell swelling, and some of the cells demonstrated balloon-like changes. Infiltration of inflammatory cells was observed in the portal area and hepatic lobule. Electron microscopy showed that macrophages tended to be attached to the endothelial cells, and a large number of lipid droplets were present in the liver cells. Oil red O staining showed that there were significantly increased number of deep straining particles in the liver cells of Sidt2{sup −/−} mice, and the TG content in liver tissue was also significantly increased. Detection of key genes and proteins related to fat synthesis showed that mRNA and protein levels of the SREBP1c in the liver of Sidt2{sup −/−} mice were significantly elevated, and the downstream genes acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase, and mitochondrial glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase were significantly upregulated. In addition, there was severe endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in the liver of Sidt2{sup −/−} mice, which had significantly increased levels of markers specific for unfolded protein response activation, Grp78 and CHOP, as well as significant elevation of downstream p-PERK, p-eIF2a, p-IRE1a, along with ER damage. These results suggest that Sidt2{sup −/−} mice had spontaneous nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) accompanied by ERS. In summary, as a lysosomal membrane protein, Sidt2 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of NAFLD, and ERS may mediate the occurrence and development of this disease in Sdit2 deficiency mice.},
doi = {10.1016/J.BBRC.2016.05.122},
journal = {Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications},
number = 4,
volume = 476,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Aug 05 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Fri Aug 05 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}