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Title: Time-resolved single-photon detection module based on silicon photomultiplier: A novel building block for time-correlated measurement systems

Abstract

We present the design and preliminary characterization of the first detection module based on Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM) tailored for single-photon timing applications. The aim of this work is to demonstrate, thanks to the design of a suitable module, the possibility to easily exploit SiPM in many applications as an interesting detector featuring large active area, similarly to photomultipliers tubes, but keeping the advantages of solid state detectors (high quantum efficiency, low cost, compactness, robustness, low bias voltage, and insensitiveness to magnetic field). The module integrates a cooled SiPM with a total photosensitive area of 1 mm{sup 2} together with the suitable avalanche signal read-out circuit, the signal conditioning, the biasing electronics, and a Peltier cooler driver for thermal stabilization. It is able to extract the single-photon timing information with resolution better than 100 ps full-width at half maximum. We verified the effective stabilization in response to external thermal perturbations, thus proving the complete insensitivity of the module to environment temperature variations, which represents a fundamental parameter to profitably use the instrument for real-field applications. We also characterized the single-photon timing resolution, the background noise due to both primary dark count generation and afterpulsing, the single-photon detection efficiency, and the instrumentmore » response function shape. The proposed module can become a reliable and cost-effective building block for time-correlated single-photon counting instruments in applications requiring high collection capability of isotropic light and detection efficiency (e.g., fluorescence decay measurements or time-domain diffuse optics systems).« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]
  1. Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano (Italy)
  2. Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano (Italy)
  3. (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22597902
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BACKGROUND NOISE; DETECTION; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; FLUORESCENCE; HEAT EXCHANGERS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; OPTICAL SYSTEMS; PERTURBATION THEORY; PHOTOMULTIPLIERS; PHOTONS; QUANTUM EFFICIENCY; READOUT SYSTEMS; RESPONSE FUNCTIONS; SIGNAL CONDITIONING; SIGNALS; SILICON; STABILIZATION; TIME RESOLUTION; WIDTH

Citation Formats

Martinenghi, E., E-mail: edoardo.martinenghi@polimi.it, Di Sieno, L., Contini, D., Dalla Mora, A., Sanzaro, M., Pifferi, A., and Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano. Time-resolved single-photon detection module based on silicon photomultiplier: A novel building block for time-correlated measurement systems. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4954968.
Martinenghi, E., E-mail: edoardo.martinenghi@polimi.it, Di Sieno, L., Contini, D., Dalla Mora, A., Sanzaro, M., Pifferi, A., & Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano. Time-resolved single-photon detection module based on silicon photomultiplier: A novel building block for time-correlated measurement systems. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4954968.
Martinenghi, E., E-mail: edoardo.martinenghi@polimi.it, Di Sieno, L., Contini, D., Dalla Mora, A., Sanzaro, M., Pifferi, A., and Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano. 2016. "Time-resolved single-photon detection module based on silicon photomultiplier: A novel building block for time-correlated measurement systems". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4954968.
@article{osti_22597902,
title = {Time-resolved single-photon detection module based on silicon photomultiplier: A novel building block for time-correlated measurement systems},
author = {Martinenghi, E., E-mail: edoardo.martinenghi@polimi.it and Di Sieno, L. and Contini, D. and Dalla Mora, A. and Sanzaro, M. and Pifferi, A. and Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano},
abstractNote = {We present the design and preliminary characterization of the first detection module based on Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM) tailored for single-photon timing applications. The aim of this work is to demonstrate, thanks to the design of a suitable module, the possibility to easily exploit SiPM in many applications as an interesting detector featuring large active area, similarly to photomultipliers tubes, but keeping the advantages of solid state detectors (high quantum efficiency, low cost, compactness, robustness, low bias voltage, and insensitiveness to magnetic field). The module integrates a cooled SiPM with a total photosensitive area of 1 mm{sup 2} together with the suitable avalanche signal read-out circuit, the signal conditioning, the biasing electronics, and a Peltier cooler driver for thermal stabilization. It is able to extract the single-photon timing information with resolution better than 100 ps full-width at half maximum. We verified the effective stabilization in response to external thermal perturbations, thus proving the complete insensitivity of the module to environment temperature variations, which represents a fundamental parameter to profitably use the instrument for real-field applications. We also characterized the single-photon timing resolution, the background noise due to both primary dark count generation and afterpulsing, the single-photon detection efficiency, and the instrument response function shape. The proposed module can become a reliable and cost-effective building block for time-correlated single-photon counting instruments in applications requiring high collection capability of isotropic light and detection efficiency (e.g., fluorescence decay measurements or time-domain diffuse optics systems).},
doi = {10.1063/1.4954968},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 7,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}
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