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Title: Note: Fully integrated 3.2 Gbps quantum random number generator with real-time extraction

Abstract

We present a real-time and fully integrated quantum random number generator (QRNG) by measuring laser phase fluctuations. The QRNG scheme based on laser phase fluctuations is featured for its capability of generating ultra-high-speed random numbers. However, the speed bottleneck of a practical QRNG lies on the limited speed of randomness extraction. To close the gap between the fast randomness generation and the slow post-processing, we propose a pipeline extraction algorithm based on Toeplitz matrix hashing and implement it in a high-speed field-programmable gate array. Further, all the QRNG components are integrated into a module, including a compact and actively stabilized interferometer, high-speed data acquisition, and real-time data post-processing and transmission. The final generation rate of the QRNG module with real-time extraction can reach 3.2 Gbps.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3]
  1. Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. Center for Quantum Information, Institute for Interdisciplinary Information Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22597882
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALGORITHMS; COMPACTS; DATA ACQUISITION; EXTRACTION; FLUCTUATIONS; G CODES; INTERFEROMETERS; LASERS; MATRICES; PIPELINES; RANDOMNESS; REAL TIME SYSTEMS; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Zhang, Xiao-Guang, Nie, You-Qi, Liang, Hao, Zhang, Jun, E-mail: zhangjun@ustc.edu.cn, Pan, Jian-Wei, CAS Center for Excellence and Synergetic Innovation Center in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, Zhou, Hongyi, and Ma, Xiongfeng. Note: Fully integrated 3.2 Gbps quantum random number generator with real-time extraction. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4958663.
Zhang, Xiao-Guang, Nie, You-Qi, Liang, Hao, Zhang, Jun, E-mail: zhangjun@ustc.edu.cn, Pan, Jian-Wei, CAS Center for Excellence and Synergetic Innovation Center in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, Zhou, Hongyi, & Ma, Xiongfeng. Note: Fully integrated 3.2 Gbps quantum random number generator with real-time extraction. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4958663.
Zhang, Xiao-Guang, Nie, You-Qi, Liang, Hao, Zhang, Jun, E-mail: zhangjun@ustc.edu.cn, Pan, Jian-Wei, CAS Center for Excellence and Synergetic Innovation Center in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, Zhou, Hongyi, and Ma, Xiongfeng. Fri . "Note: Fully integrated 3.2 Gbps quantum random number generator with real-time extraction". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4958663.
@article{osti_22597882,
title = {Note: Fully integrated 3.2 Gbps quantum random number generator with real-time extraction},
author = {Zhang, Xiao-Guang and Nie, You-Qi and Liang, Hao and Zhang, Jun, E-mail: zhangjun@ustc.edu.cn and Pan, Jian-Wei and CAS Center for Excellence and Synergetic Innovation Center in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 and Zhou, Hongyi and Ma, Xiongfeng},
abstractNote = {We present a real-time and fully integrated quantum random number generator (QRNG) by measuring laser phase fluctuations. The QRNG scheme based on laser phase fluctuations is featured for its capability of generating ultra-high-speed random numbers. However, the speed bottleneck of a practical QRNG lies on the limited speed of randomness extraction. To close the gap between the fast randomness generation and the slow post-processing, we propose a pipeline extraction algorithm based on Toeplitz matrix hashing and implement it in a high-speed field-programmable gate array. Further, all the QRNG components are integrated into a module, including a compact and actively stabilized interferometer, high-speed data acquisition, and real-time data post-processing and transmission. The final generation rate of the QRNG module with real-time extraction can reach 3.2 Gbps.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4958663},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 7,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jul 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Fri Jul 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}