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Title: AZO/Ag/AZO anode for resonant cavity red, blue, and yellow organic light emitting diodes

Abstract

Indium tin oxide (ITO) is the transparent electrode of choice for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Replacing ITO for cost and performance reasons is a major drive across optoelectronics. In this work, we show that changing the transparent electrode on red, blue, and yellow OLEDs from ITO to a multilayer buffered aluminium zinc oxide/silver/aluminium zinc oxide (AZO/Ag/AZO) substantially enhances total output intensity, with better control of colour, its constancy, and intensity over the full exit hemisphere. The thin Ag containing layer induces a resonant cavity optical response of the complete device. This is tuned to the emission spectra of the emissive material while minimizing internally trapped light. A complete set of spectral intensity data is presented across the full exit hemisphere for each electrode type and each OLED colour. Emission zone modelling of output spectra at a wide range of exit angles to the normal was in excellent agreement with the experimental data and hence could, in principle, be used to check and adjust production settings. These multilayer transparent electrodes show significant potential for both eliminating indium from OLEDs and spectrally shaping the emission.

Authors:
;  [1]; ; ;  [2]
  1. School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences and Institute of Nanoscale Technology, University of Technology Sydney, P.O. Box 123, Broadway, New South Wales 2007 (Australia)
  2. Centre for Organic Photonics and Electronics, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences and School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4072 (Australia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22596679
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; ANODES; BUFFERS; COLOR; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; EMISSION SPECTRA; INDIUM; INDIUM OXIDES; LAYERS; LIGHT EMITTING DIODES; SILVER; TIN OXIDES; ZINC; ZINC OXIDES

Citation Formats

Gentle, A. R., E-mail: angus.gentle@uts.edu.au, Smith, G. B., Yambem, S. D., Burn, P. L., and Meredith, P.. AZO/Ag/AZO anode for resonant cavity red, blue, and yellow organic light emitting diodes. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4954689.
Gentle, A. R., E-mail: angus.gentle@uts.edu.au, Smith, G. B., Yambem, S. D., Burn, P. L., & Meredith, P.. AZO/Ag/AZO anode for resonant cavity red, blue, and yellow organic light emitting diodes. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4954689.
Gentle, A. R., E-mail: angus.gentle@uts.edu.au, Smith, G. B., Yambem, S. D., Burn, P. L., and Meredith, P.. Tue . "AZO/Ag/AZO anode for resonant cavity red, blue, and yellow organic light emitting diodes". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4954689.
@article{osti_22596679,
title = {AZO/Ag/AZO anode for resonant cavity red, blue, and yellow organic light emitting diodes},
author = {Gentle, A. R., E-mail: angus.gentle@uts.edu.au and Smith, G. B. and Yambem, S. D. and Burn, P. L. and Meredith, P.},
abstractNote = {Indium tin oxide (ITO) is the transparent electrode of choice for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Replacing ITO for cost and performance reasons is a major drive across optoelectronics. In this work, we show that changing the transparent electrode on red, blue, and yellow OLEDs from ITO to a multilayer buffered aluminium zinc oxide/silver/aluminium zinc oxide (AZO/Ag/AZO) substantially enhances total output intensity, with better control of colour, its constancy, and intensity over the full exit hemisphere. The thin Ag containing layer induces a resonant cavity optical response of the complete device. This is tuned to the emission spectra of the emissive material while minimizing internally trapped light. A complete set of spectral intensity data is presented across the full exit hemisphere for each electrode type and each OLED colour. Emission zone modelling of output spectra at a wide range of exit angles to the normal was in excellent agreement with the experimental data and hence could, in principle, be used to check and adjust production settings. These multilayer transparent electrodes show significant potential for both eliminating indium from OLEDs and spectrally shaping the emission.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4954689},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 24,
volume = 119,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jun 28 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Tue Jun 28 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}