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Title: Structural transition, subgap states, and carrier transport in anion-engineered zinc oxynitride nanocrystalline films

Abstract

In this work, anion alloying is engineered in ZnON nanocrystalline films, and the resultant evolution of the structural transition, subgap states, and carrier transport is investigated. A broad distribution of sub-gap states above the valence band maximum is introduced by nitrogen due to the hybridization of N 2p and O 2p orbitals. The phase transition from partially amorphous states to full crystallinity occurs above a characteristic growth temperature of 100 °C, and the localized states are suppressed greatly due to the reduction of nitrogen composition. The electronic properties are dominated by grain boundary scattering and electron transport across boundary barriers through thermal activation at band edge states at high temperatures. The conductivity below 130 K exhibits a weak temperature dependence, which is a signature of variable-range hopping conduction between localized states introduced by nitrogen incorporation.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]; ;  [3]
  1. School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044 (China)
  2. (Australia)
  3. Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra 2601 (Australia)
  4. (China)
  5. School of Electronics Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22590571
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 109; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AMORPHOUS STATE; ANIONS; CRYSTALS; DISTRIBUTION; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; NANOSTRUCTURES; NITRIDES; NITROGEN; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K

Citation Formats

Xian, Fenglin, Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra 2601, Ye, Jiandong, E-mail: yejd@nju.edu.cn, School of Electronics Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Gu, Shulin, Tan, Hark Hoe, and Jagadish, Chennupati. Structural transition, subgap states, and carrier transport in anion-engineered zinc oxynitride nanocrystalline films. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4958294.
Xian, Fenglin, Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra 2601, Ye, Jiandong, E-mail: yejd@nju.edu.cn, School of Electronics Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Gu, Shulin, Tan, Hark Hoe, & Jagadish, Chennupati. Structural transition, subgap states, and carrier transport in anion-engineered zinc oxynitride nanocrystalline films. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4958294.
Xian, Fenglin, Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra 2601, Ye, Jiandong, E-mail: yejd@nju.edu.cn, School of Electronics Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Gu, Shulin, Tan, Hark Hoe, and Jagadish, Chennupati. Mon . "Structural transition, subgap states, and carrier transport in anion-engineered zinc oxynitride nanocrystalline films". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4958294.
@article{osti_22590571,
title = {Structural transition, subgap states, and carrier transport in anion-engineered zinc oxynitride nanocrystalline films},
author = {Xian, Fenglin and Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra 2601 and Ye, Jiandong, E-mail: yejd@nju.edu.cn and School of Electronics Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 and Gu, Shulin and Tan, Hark Hoe and Jagadish, Chennupati},
abstractNote = {In this work, anion alloying is engineered in ZnON nanocrystalline films, and the resultant evolution of the structural transition, subgap states, and carrier transport is investigated. A broad distribution of sub-gap states above the valence band maximum is introduced by nitrogen due to the hybridization of N 2p and O 2p orbitals. The phase transition from partially amorphous states to full crystallinity occurs above a characteristic growth temperature of 100 °C, and the localized states are suppressed greatly due to the reduction of nitrogen composition. The electronic properties are dominated by grain boundary scattering and electron transport across boundary barriers through thermal activation at band edge states at high temperatures. The conductivity below 130 K exhibits a weak temperature dependence, which is a signature of variable-range hopping conduction between localized states introduced by nitrogen incorporation.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4958294},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 109,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 11 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Mon Jul 11 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}