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Title: Synthesis and characterization of new fluoride-containing manganese vanadates A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F

Abstract

Large single crystals of A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F were grown using a high-temperature (~600 °C) hydrothermal technique. Single crystal X-ray diffraction and powder X-ray diffraction were utilized to characterize the structures, which both possess MnO{sub 4}F{sub 2} building blocks. The A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} series crystallizes as a new structure type in space group Pbcn (No. 60), Z=4 (Rb{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2}: a=7.4389(17) Å, b=11.574(3) Å, c=10.914(2) Å; Cs{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2}: a=7.5615(15) Å, b=11.745(2) Å, c=11.127(2) Å). The structure is composed of zigzag chains of edge-sharing MnO{sub 4}F{sub 2} units running along the a-axis, and interconnected through V{sub 2}O{sub 7} pyrovanadate groups. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements on this interesting one-dimensional structural feature based on Mn{sup 2+} indicated that Cs{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} is antiferromagnetic with a Neél temperature, T{sub N}=~3 K and a Weiss constant, θ, of −11.7(1) K. Raman and infrared spectra were also analyzed to identify the fundamental V–O vibrational modes in Cs{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2}. Mn{sub 2}(VO{sub 4})F crystalizes in the monoclinic space group of C2/c (no. 15), Z=8 with unit cell parameters of a=13.559(2) Å, b=6.8036(7)more » Å, c=10.1408(13) Å and β=116.16(3)°. The structure is associated with those of triplite and wagnerite. Dynamic fluorine disorder gives rise to complex alternating chains of five-and six-coordinate Mn{sup 2+}. These interpenetrating chains are additionally connected through isolated VO{sub 4} tetrahedra to form the condensed structure. - Graphical abstract: New vanadate fluorides A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}(VO{sub 4})F have been synthesized hydrothermally. Upon cooling, the one-dimensional Mn(II) substructure results in antiferromagnetic ordering. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Single crystals of A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2}, (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F were grown hydrothermally. • The use of fluoride mineralizers in the synthesis led to the formation of new compounds without OH{sup −} groups. • The structure of A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} features zigzag chains of MnO{sub 4}F{sub 2} units. • Cs{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} exhibits antiferromagnetic ordering with a Neel temperature of ~3 K. • Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F possesses a condensed framework structure with disordered fluorine atoms.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ;  [1];  [3]; ;  [1];  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry and Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies (COMSET), Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0973 (United States)
  2. Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)
  3. Quantum Condensed Matter Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22584192
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 241; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; FLUORIDES; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY; MANGANESE IONS; MANGANESE OXIDES; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; MONOCRYSTALS; NEEL TEMPERATURE; POWDERS; SPACE GROUPS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; VANADATES; VANADIUM OXIDES; X RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Sanjeewa, Liurukara D., McGuire, Michael A., Smith Pellizzeri, Tiffany M., McMillen, Colin D., Ovidiu Garlea, V., Willett, Daniel, Chumanov, George, and Kolis, Joseph W., E-mail: kjoseph@clemson.edu. Synthesis and characterization of new fluoride-containing manganese vanadates A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.05.008.
Sanjeewa, Liurukara D., McGuire, Michael A., Smith Pellizzeri, Tiffany M., McMillen, Colin D., Ovidiu Garlea, V., Willett, Daniel, Chumanov, George, & Kolis, Joseph W., E-mail: kjoseph@clemson.edu. Synthesis and characterization of new fluoride-containing manganese vanadates A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.05.008.
Sanjeewa, Liurukara D., McGuire, Michael A., Smith Pellizzeri, Tiffany M., McMillen, Colin D., Ovidiu Garlea, V., Willett, Daniel, Chumanov, George, and Kolis, Joseph W., E-mail: kjoseph@clemson.edu. 2016. "Synthesis and characterization of new fluoride-containing manganese vanadates A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.05.008.
@article{osti_22584192,
title = {Synthesis and characterization of new fluoride-containing manganese vanadates A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F},
author = {Sanjeewa, Liurukara D. and McGuire, Michael A. and Smith Pellizzeri, Tiffany M. and McMillen, Colin D. and Ovidiu Garlea, V. and Willett, Daniel and Chumanov, George and Kolis, Joseph W., E-mail: kjoseph@clemson.edu},
abstractNote = {Large single crystals of A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F were grown using a high-temperature (~600 °C) hydrothermal technique. Single crystal X-ray diffraction and powder X-ray diffraction were utilized to characterize the structures, which both possess MnO{sub 4}F{sub 2} building blocks. The A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} series crystallizes as a new structure type in space group Pbcn (No. 60), Z=4 (Rb{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2}: a=7.4389(17) Å, b=11.574(3) Å, c=10.914(2) Å; Cs{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2}: a=7.5615(15) Å, b=11.745(2) Å, c=11.127(2) Å). The structure is composed of zigzag chains of edge-sharing MnO{sub 4}F{sub 2} units running along the a-axis, and interconnected through V{sub 2}O{sub 7} pyrovanadate groups. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements on this interesting one-dimensional structural feature based on Mn{sup 2+} indicated that Cs{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} is antiferromagnetic with a Neél temperature, T{sub N}=~3 K and a Weiss constant, θ, of −11.7(1) K. Raman and infrared spectra were also analyzed to identify the fundamental V–O vibrational modes in Cs{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2}. Mn{sub 2}(VO{sub 4})F crystalizes in the monoclinic space group of C2/c (no. 15), Z=8 with unit cell parameters of a=13.559(2) Å, b=6.8036(7) Å, c=10.1408(13) Å and β=116.16(3)°. The structure is associated with those of triplite and wagnerite. Dynamic fluorine disorder gives rise to complex alternating chains of five-and six-coordinate Mn{sup 2+}. These interpenetrating chains are additionally connected through isolated VO{sub 4} tetrahedra to form the condensed structure. - Graphical abstract: New vanadate fluorides A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}(VO{sub 4})F have been synthesized hydrothermally. Upon cooling, the one-dimensional Mn(II) substructure results in antiferromagnetic ordering. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Single crystals of A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2}, (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F were grown hydrothermally. • The use of fluoride mineralizers in the synthesis led to the formation of new compounds without OH{sup −} groups. • The structure of A{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} features zigzag chains of MnO{sub 4}F{sub 2} units. • Cs{sub 2}Mn{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}F{sub 2} exhibits antiferromagnetic ordering with a Neel temperature of ~3 K. • Mn{sub 2}VO{sub 4}F possesses a condensed framework structure with disordered fluorine atoms.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.05.008},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 241,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 9
}
  • In large single crystals of A 2Mn 2V 2O 7F 2 (A=Rb, Cs) and Mn 2VO 4F were grown using a high-temperature (~600 °C) hydrothermal technique. We utilized single crystal X-ray diffraction and powder X-ray diffraction in order to characterize the structures, which both possess MnO 4F 2 building blocks. The A 2Mn 2V 2O 7F 2 series crystallizes as a new structure type in space group Pbcn (No. 60), Z=4 (Rb 2Mn 2V 2O 7F 2: a=7.4389(17) Å, b=11.574(3) Å, c=10.914(2) Å; Cs 2Mn 2V 2O 7F 2: a=7.5615(15) Å, b=11.745(2) Å, c=11.127(2) Å). The structure is composed ofmore » zigzag chains of edge-sharing MnO 4F 2 units running along the a-axis, and interconnected through V 2O 7 pyrovanadate groups. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements on this interesting one-dimensional structural feature based on Mn 2+ indicated that Cs 2Mn 2V 2O 7F 2 is antiferromagnetic with a Neél temperature, TN=~3 K and a Weiss constant, θ, of -11.7(1) K. Raman and infrared spectra were also analyzed to identify the fundamental V–O vibrational modes in Cs 2Mn 2V 2O 7F 2. Mn 2(VO 4)F crystalizes in the monoclinic space group of C2/c (no. 15), Z=8 with unit cell parameters of a=13.559(2) Å, b=6.8036(7) Å, c=10.1408(13) Å and β=116.16(3)°. The structure is associated with those of triplite and wagnerite. Dynamic fluorine disorder gives rise to complex alternating chains of five-and six-coordinate Mn 2+. Our interpenetrating chains are additionally connected through isolated VO 4 tetrahedra to form the condensed structure.« less
  • Abstract not provided.
  • The hydrothermal synthesis, structural characterization and magnetic properties of a manganese silicate with ideal formula of NaMn{sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 8}(OH) is reported. This compound is a synthetic analog to the naturally occurring mineral Serandite. The crystal structure comprises MnO{sub 6} octahedra and SiO{sub 4} tetrahedra. The MnO{sub 6} share four edges with neighboring octahedra forming double chains. These chains are connected by silicate chains Si{sub 3}O{sub 8}(OH) resulting in an open framework structure with six-member ring channels where sodium ions are located. From the magnetic point of view, the intra-chain exchange between neighboring S=5/2 manganese ions is weak, partly duemore » to the distortion observed in the octahedra, but also due to the frustrated topology of the chain. A successful fitting of the magnetic susceptibility was obtained by considering a double chain numerical model with Monte Carlo derived empirical parameters. -- Graphical abstract: A manganese silicate prepared hydrothermally with formula NaMn{sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 8}(OH) possessing the structure of the mineral Serandite contains doubled chains of edge-sharing MnO{sub 6} octahedra. The magnetic susceptibility was measured and shows an antiferromagnetic behavior. Highlights: • Characterization of a synthetic analog to the mineral Serandite: NaMn{sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 8}(OH). • Fitting of the magnetic susceptibility considering a classical regular chain. • Weak metal–oxygen–metal super-exchange interactions; antiferromagnetic in nature. • Elevated degree of frustration along the chain, without sign of interchain ordering.« less
  • In a new series of transition metal vanadates, namely, Ba 2M(VO 4) 2(OH) (M = V 3+, Mn 3+, and Fe 3+), was synthesized as large single crystals hydrothermally in 5 M NaOH solution at 580 °C and 1 kbar. This new series of compounds is structurally reminiscent of the brackebuschite mineral type. The structure of Ba 2V(VO 4) 2(OH) is monoclinic in space group P2 1/m, a = 7.8783(2) Å, b = 6.1369(1) Å, c = 9.1836(2) Å, β = 113.07(3)°, V = 408.51(2) Å 3. Moreover, the other structures are similar and consist of one-dimensional trans edge-shared distortedmore » octahedral chains running along the b-axis. The vanadate groups bridge across edges of their tetrahedra. Structural analysis of the Ba 2Mn(VO 4) 2(OH) analogue yielded a new understanding of the Jahn–Teller effect in this structure type. Raman and infrared spectra were investigated to observe the fundamental vanadate and hydroxide vibrational modes. Finally, single-crystal temperature-dependent magnetic studies on Ba 2V(VO 4) 2(OH) reveal a broad feature over a wide temperature range with maximum at ~100 K indicating that an energy gap could exist between the antiferromagnetic singlet ground state and excited triplet states, making it potentially of interest for quantum magnetism studies.« less
  • We synthesized new complex manganese vanadate materials as high-quality single crystals in multi-millimeter lengths using a high-temperature, high-pressure hydrothermal method. We grew one compound, Mn 5(VO 4) 2(OH) 4, from Mn 2O 3 and V 2O 5 in 3 M CsOH at 580 °C and 1.5 kbar. Changing the mineralizer to 1 M CsOH/3MCsCl leads to the formation of another product, Mn 6O(VO 4) 2(OH). Both compounds were structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (Mn 5(VO 4) 2(OH) 4: C2/m, Z = 2, a = 9.6568(9) Å, b = 9.5627(9) Å, c = 5.4139(6) Å, β = 98.529(8)°; Mn 6O(VOmore » 4) 2(OH): P21/m, Z = 2, a = 8.9363(12) Å, b = 6.4678(8) Å, c = 10.4478(13) Å, β = 99.798(3)°), revealing interesting low-dimensional transition-metal features. Mn 5(VO 4) 2(OH) 4 possesses complex honeycomb-type Mn–O layers, built from edge-sharing [MnO 6] octahedra in the bc plane, with bridging vanadate groups connecting these layers along the a-axis. Mn 6O(VO 4) 2(OH) presents a more complicated structure with both octahedral [MnO 6] and trigonal bipyramidal [MnO 5] units. A different pattern of planar honeycomb sheets are formed by edge-shared [MnO6] octahedra, and these sublattices are connected through edge-shared dimers of [MnO 5] trigonal bipyramids to form corrugated sheets. Vanadate groups again condense the sheets into a three-dimensional framework. Infrared and Raman spectroscopies indicated the presence of OH groups and displayed characteristic Raman scattering due to vanadate groups. Furthermore, temperature-dependent magnetic studies indicated Curie–Weiss behavior above 100 K with significant anti-ferromagnetic coupling for both compounds, with further complex magnetic behavior at lower temperatures. The data indicate canted anti-ferromagnetic order below 57 K in Mn 5(VO 4) 2(OH) 4 and below 45 K in Mn 6O(VO 4) 2(OH). Members of another class of compounds, K 2M 3(VO 4) 2(OH) 2 (M = Mn, Co), also containing a honeycomb-type sublattice, were also synthesized to allow a comparison of the structural features across all three structure types and to demonstrate extension to other transition metals.« less