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Title: Effect of drying temperatures on structural performance and photocatalytic activity of BiOCl synthesized by a soft chemical method

Abstract

A group of BiOCl photocatalysts with different drying temperatures were prepared by a soft chemical method. The effects of drying temperatures on the crystalline phase, morphology, surface area and optical property of as-prepared samples were investigated in detail by XRD, SEM, N{sub 2} absorption–desorption and DRS. Moreover, their photocatalytic activities on the degradation of rhodamine B were evaluated under visible light irradiation. It was found that the sample dried at 120 °C had the best photocatalytic activity, which was mainly attributed to the highest exposing proportion of {001} facets correspond to BiOCl, largest BET and minimum bandgap. The degradation mechanism was explored that superoxide radicals were mainly contributed to the degradation of chromophore, however, holes and hydroxyl were mainly contributed to the photo degradation. Moreover, holes and hydroxyl dominated the degradation of RhB. - Graphical abstract: Holes, hydroxyl and superoxide radicals can attribute to the degradation process but take different degradation pathways. Superoxide radicals mainly contribute to the degradation of chromophore, however, holes and hydroxyl mainly contribute to the photo degradation. Display Omitted - Highlights: • BiOCl nanosheets were prepared by a soft chemical method. • Effect of drying temperatures on as-prepared BiOCl samples was studied. • The highest removalmore » efficiency of RhB was obtained over the sample dried at 120 °C.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering, Liaoning Shihua University, Fushun, Liaoning 113001 (China)
  2. Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian 116600 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22584168
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 239; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION; DESORPTION; EFFICIENCY; HYDROXIDES; IRRADIATION; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; PERFORMANCE; PHOTOCATALYSIS; REMOVAL; RHODAMINES; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SUPEROXIDE RADICALS; SURFACE AREA; SURFACES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Guang, Lu, E-mail: lu_g@163.com, Hui, Wang, and Xuejun, Zou. Effect of drying temperatures on structural performance and photocatalytic activity of BiOCl synthesized by a soft chemical method. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.04.039.
Guang, Lu, E-mail: lu_g@163.com, Hui, Wang, & Xuejun, Zou. Effect of drying temperatures on structural performance and photocatalytic activity of BiOCl synthesized by a soft chemical method. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.04.039.
Guang, Lu, E-mail: lu_g@163.com, Hui, Wang, and Xuejun, Zou. 2016. "Effect of drying temperatures on structural performance and photocatalytic activity of BiOCl synthesized by a soft chemical method". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.04.039.
@article{osti_22584168,
title = {Effect of drying temperatures on structural performance and photocatalytic activity of BiOCl synthesized by a soft chemical method},
author = {Guang, Lu, E-mail: lu_g@163.com and Hui, Wang and Xuejun, Zou},
abstractNote = {A group of BiOCl photocatalysts with different drying temperatures were prepared by a soft chemical method. The effects of drying temperatures on the crystalline phase, morphology, surface area and optical property of as-prepared samples were investigated in detail by XRD, SEM, N{sub 2} absorption–desorption and DRS. Moreover, their photocatalytic activities on the degradation of rhodamine B were evaluated under visible light irradiation. It was found that the sample dried at 120 °C had the best photocatalytic activity, which was mainly attributed to the highest exposing proportion of {001} facets correspond to BiOCl, largest BET and minimum bandgap. The degradation mechanism was explored that superoxide radicals were mainly contributed to the degradation of chromophore, however, holes and hydroxyl were mainly contributed to the photo degradation. Moreover, holes and hydroxyl dominated the degradation of RhB. - Graphical abstract: Holes, hydroxyl and superoxide radicals can attribute to the degradation process but take different degradation pathways. Superoxide radicals mainly contribute to the degradation of chromophore, however, holes and hydroxyl mainly contribute to the photo degradation. Display Omitted - Highlights: • BiOCl nanosheets were prepared by a soft chemical method. • Effect of drying temperatures on as-prepared BiOCl samples was studied. • The highest removal efficiency of RhB was obtained over the sample dried at 120 °C.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.04.039},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 239,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}
  • Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlight: ► BiOBr photocatalysts with various morphologies were synthesized. ► The choice of organic solvents was first extended to glycerol. ► Morphologies are greatly dependant on the solvent used. ► GR-mediated BiOBr has the highest photocatalytic activity. -- Abstract: BiOBr photocatalysts with various morphologies have been synthesized via a solvothermal method in ethanol-, ethylene glycol (EG)- and glycerol (GR)-mediated conditions, respectively. The effects of different solvents on the size and morphology of BiOBr crystal are investigated in detail. Viscosity of the solvents is believed to be a key factor in determining morphology of BiOBr crystal, whichmore » leads to the different formation mechanisms. In addition, it is found that the photocatalytic activities of BiOBr samples for the degradation of methyl orange (MO) under visible light irradiation are dependent on the solvent used in the synthesis. The differences in the photocatalytic activities are mainly attributed to the different morphologies, which further results in the difference in Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface areas, bandgaps, the exposed crystal facets and porous structures.« less
  • Highlights: ► We report a facile method to synthesize bismuth oxychlorides. ► The BiOCl nanosheets have both ultraviolet-blue emission zone and visible emission zone. ► The Bi{sub 24}O{sub 31}Cl{sub 10} nanostructure is a direct electron transition semiconductor. ► The broad and intensive UV emission were observed in Bi{sub 24}O{sub 31}Cl{sub 10} nanostructure. - Abstract: Nanostructured BiOCl and Bi{sub 24}O{sub 31}Cl{sub 10} have been synthesized by electrolytic corrosion of metal Bi. The photocatalysis and photoluminescence (PL) properties of BiOCl and Bi{sub 24}O{sub 31}Cl{sub 10} nanostructures have been investigated. Nanosheets with a thickness of ∼10 nm and in-plane size of 30–60 nmmore » were obtained in the as-synthesized BiOCl. The emission spectra excited at 360 nm consist of two broad emission bands: ultraviolet-blue and visible. The visible emission is responsible for the photocatalytic activity of BiOCl under visible light irradiation. The nanostructured Bi{sub 24}O{sub 31}Cl{sub 10}, self-assembled by uniform nanosheets with a thickness of 10–20 nm, exhibits a broad and strong blue shift UV emission at room temperature.« less
  • Graphical abstract: TiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}(BDC){sub 3}/BiOCl nanoparticles decorated ultrathin nanosheets showed excellent photocatalytic reaction activity and selectivity. - Highlights: • TiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}(BDC){sub 3}/BiOCl nanoparticles decorated ultrathin nanosheets were synthesized through a facile hydrothermal process. • The products showed excellent photocatalytic activities for the degradation of various dyes. • The photocatalytic activities of the composite materials could be easily adjusted through tuning the content of TiO{sub 2}. • TiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}(BDC){sub 3}/BiOCl displayed obvious photocatalytic selectivity in mixed dyes systems of rhodamine B and eosin Y. - Abstract: Photocatalysts with excellent photocatalytic reaction activity and ideal selectivity are highly desirablemore » for pollutants clearance and purification of targeted organics from a mixture. Continued efforts toward the goal, we here present a facile hydrothermal route to synthesize TiO{sub 2}/Bi-benzenedicarboxylate/BiOCl nanoparticles decorated ultrathin nanosheets with a thickness less than 5 nm on a large scale. The as-synthesized products showed excellent photocatalytic activities for the degradation of various dyes such as rhodamine B, eosin Y and methylene blue in aqueous solution under visible light irradiation. The photocatalytic activities of TiO{sub 2}/Bi-benzenedicarboxylate/BiOCl nanocomposites for the degradation of rhodamine B and eosin Y could be adjusted through tuning the content of TiO{sub 2}. With increasing the amount of TiO{sub 2}, the composites showed declining photocatalytic activities in decomposing of rhodamine B while on the contrary they displayed enhanced photocatalytic activities in decomposing of eosin Y. Interestingly, TiO{sub 2}/Bi-benzenedicarboxylate/BiOCl composite nanosheets showed obvious photocatalytic selectivity in a mixed dyes system. The photocatalytic reaction and selectivity mechanisms of the nanocomposites for the degradation of the dyes were discussed on the basis of experimental results. The current study not only develops a new methodology to synthesize ultrathin nanosheets but also provides a novel strategy to design composite photocatalysts with high reaction activity and good selectivity.« less
  • Highlights: • Excellent photocatalyst was obtained by introducing BiOCl–TiO{sub 2} onto attapulgite. • 100 mg L{sup −1} methyl orange (MO) was totally decomposed under UV light within 70 min. • 92.6% of 10 mg L{sup −1} MO was decomposed within 120 min under visible light. • ATT–BiOCl–TiO{sub 2} show better activity than P{sub 25} especially under visible light. • Mechanism of photocatalytic activity enhancement was identified. - Abstract: An environmental friendly composite photocatalyst with efficient UV and visible light activity has been synthesized by introducing BiOCl–TiO{sub 2} hybrid oxide onto the surface of attapulgite (ATT) (denoted as ATT–BiOCl–TiO{sub 2}), usingmore » a simple in situ depositing technique. The obtained products were characterized by XRD, TEM, BET and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectra measurements. Results showed that BiOCl–TiO{sub 2} composite particles were successfully loaded onto attapulgite fibers' surface without obvious aggregation. The photocatalytic activity of ATT–BiOCl–TiO{sub 2} was investigated by degradation of methyl orange under UV and visible light irradiation. It was found that 100 mg L{sup −1} methyl orange was totally decomposed under UV light within 70 min and 92.57% of 10 mg L{sup −1} methyl orange was decomposed under visible light within 120 min using ATT–BiOCl–TiO{sub 2} as photocatalyst. These results were quite better than that of P{sub 25}, especially under visible light irradiation. Possible mechanism for the enhancement was proposed.« less
  • The rutile TiO{sub 2}/BiOCl composites were successfully fabricated by a facile one-step hydrolysis method at low temperature (50 °C). The X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements were employed to characterize the phase structures, morphologies, optical properties, surface areas, and electronic state of the samples. The rutile TiO{sub 2}/BiOCl composites exhibited higher photocatalytic activity than pure BiOCl and rutile TiO{sub 2} for the degradation of phenol under artificial solar light irradiation. In addition, the photocatalytic mechanism has also been investigated and discussed. The enhanced photocatalyticmore » performance of rutile TiO{sub 2}/BiOCl composites is closely related to the heterojunctions between BiOCl and rutile TiO{sub 2}, which can not only broaden the light adsorption range of BiOCl but also improve the electron–hole separation efficiency under artificial solar light irradiation. - Highlights: • Rutile TiO{sub 2}/BiOCl was prepared by a low temperature one-step hydrolysis method. • The synthetic method is quite convenient and energy-saving. • The composites exhibit enhanced photocatalytic activity on phenol degradation. • The high photocatalytic activity relates to the heterojunctions of BiOCl and TiO{sub 2}.« less