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Title: Facile synthesis of nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite with enhanced photocatalytic performance

Abstract

Here we report a facile synthesis of nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}) by using Fe-melamine supramolecular framework as precursor. The chemical and optical properties of the nanocomposites are well-characterized. The Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposite demonstrated excellent photocatalytic activities under visible light due to the efficient utilization of sunlight and the construction of Z-scheme electron transfer pathway. The results indicated that it could be a promising approach for the preparation of efficient g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposites photocatalysts by using metal-melamine supramolecular framework as precursors. - Graphical abstract: Nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}) was synthesized by using Fe-melamine supramolecular framework as precursor. The Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposite demonstrated excellent photocatalytic activities under visible light. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}) was synthesized. • Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} showed strong optical absorption in the visible-light region. • The Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposite demonstrated excellent photocatalytic activities.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. The Key laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology of Ministry of Education, National Engineering Lab for Textile Fiber Materials and Processing Technology (Zhejiang), College of Materials and Textiles, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018 (China)
  2. Department of Physics, Center for Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22584126
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 238; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION; CARBON NITRIDES; ELECTRON TRANSFER; ELECTRONS; FERRITES; GRAPHITE; IRON OXIDES; MELAMINE; METALS; NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; PERFORMANCE; PHOTOCATALYSIS; PRECURSOR; SYNTHESIS

Citation Formats

Wang, Jiangpeng, Li, Changqing, Cong, Jingkun, Liu, Ziwei, Zhang, Hanzhuo, Liang, Mei, Gao, Junkuo, E-mail: jkgao@zstu.edu.cn, Wang, Shunli, and Yao, Juming, E-mail: yaoj@zstu.edu.cn. Facile synthesis of nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite with enhanced photocatalytic performance. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.042.
Wang, Jiangpeng, Li, Changqing, Cong, Jingkun, Liu, Ziwei, Zhang, Hanzhuo, Liang, Mei, Gao, Junkuo, E-mail: jkgao@zstu.edu.cn, Wang, Shunli, & Yao, Juming, E-mail: yaoj@zstu.edu.cn. Facile synthesis of nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite with enhanced photocatalytic performance. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.042.
Wang, Jiangpeng, Li, Changqing, Cong, Jingkun, Liu, Ziwei, Zhang, Hanzhuo, Liang, Mei, Gao, Junkuo, E-mail: jkgao@zstu.edu.cn, Wang, Shunli, and Yao, Juming, E-mail: yaoj@zstu.edu.cn. 2016. "Facile synthesis of nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite with enhanced photocatalytic performance". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.042.
@article{osti_22584126,
title = {Facile synthesis of nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite with enhanced photocatalytic performance},
author = {Wang, Jiangpeng and Li, Changqing and Cong, Jingkun and Liu, Ziwei and Zhang, Hanzhuo and Liang, Mei and Gao, Junkuo, E-mail: jkgao@zstu.edu.cn and Wang, Shunli and Yao, Juming, E-mail: yaoj@zstu.edu.cn},
abstractNote = {Here we report a facile synthesis of nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}) by using Fe-melamine supramolecular framework as precursor. The chemical and optical properties of the nanocomposites are well-characterized. The Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposite demonstrated excellent photocatalytic activities under visible light due to the efficient utilization of sunlight and the construction of Z-scheme electron transfer pathway. The results indicated that it could be a promising approach for the preparation of efficient g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposites photocatalysts by using metal-melamine supramolecular framework as precursors. - Graphical abstract: Nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}) was synthesized by using Fe-melamine supramolecular framework as precursor. The Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposite demonstrated excellent photocatalytic activities under visible light. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Nanorod-type graphitic carbon nitride/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}) was synthesized. • Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} showed strong optical absorption in the visible-light region. • The Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposite demonstrated excellent photocatalytic activities.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.042},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 238,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 6
}
  • Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • P-doped g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} has been prepared by a one-pot green synthetic approach. • The incorporation of P resulted in favorable textural and electronic properties. • Doping with P enhanced the visible-light photocatalytic activity of g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}. • A postannealing treatment further enhanced the activity of P-doped g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}. • Photogenerated holes were the main species responsible for the activity. - Abstract: Phosphorus-doped carbon nitride materials were prepared by a one-pot green synthetic approach using dicyandiamide monomer and a phosphorus containing ionic liquid as precursors. The as-prepared materials were subjected to several characterizationsmore » and investigated as metal-free photocatalysts for the degradation of organic pollutants (dyes like Rhodamine B, Methyl orange) in aqueous solution under visible light. Results revealed that phosphorus-doped carbon nitride have a higher photocatalytic activity for decomposing Rhodamine B and Methyl orange in aqueous solution than undoped g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}, which was attributed to the favorable textural, optical and electronic properties caused by doping with phosphorus heteroatoms into carbon nitride host. A facile postannealing treatment further improved the activity of the photocatalytic system, due to the higher surface area and smaller structural size in the postcalcined catalysts. The phosphorus-doped carbon nitride showed high visible-light photocatalytic activity, making them promising materials for a wide range of potential applications in photochemistry.« less
  • ZnO composite films consisting of ZnO nanorods and nanosheets were prepared by low-temperature hydrothermal processing at 80 °C on seeded glass substrates. The seed layer was coated on glass substrates by sol–gel dip-coating and pre-heated at 300 °C for 10 min prior to hydrothermal growth. The size of the grain formed after pre-heat treatment was ∼40 nm. A preferred orientation seed layer at the c-axis was obtained, which promoted vertical growth of the ZnO nanorod arrays and formation of the ZnO nanosheets. X-ray diffraction patterns and high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM) images confirmed that the ZnO nanorods and nanosheets consistmore » of single crystalline and polycrystalline structures, respectively. Room temperature photoluminescence spectra of the ZnO nanorod–nanosheet composite films exhibited band-edge ultraviolet (UV) and visible emission (blue and green) indicating the formation of ZnO crystals with good crystallinity and are supported by Raman scattering results. The formation of one-dimensional (1D) ZnO nanorod arrays and two-dimensional (2D) ZnO nanosheet films using seeded substrates in a single low-temperature hydrothermal step would be beneficial for realization of device applications that utilize substrates with limited temperature stability. The ZnO nanorods and nanosheets composite structure demonstrated higher photocatalytic activity during degradation of aqueous methylene blue under visible-light irradiation. -- Graphical abstract: Schematic illustration of ZnO nanorod–nanosheet composite structure formation by hydrothermal at low-temperature of 80 °C against time. Highlights: • Novel simultaneous formation of ZnO nanorods and nanosheets composite structure. • Facile single hydrothermal step formation at low-temperature. • Photoluminescence showed ultraviolet and visible emission. • Feasible application on substrates with low temperature stability. • Improved photocatalytic activity under visible-light irradiation.« less
  • As a metal-free semiconductor material, graphitic carbon nitride (C{sub 3}N{sub 4}), the high recombination rate of photogenerated charges and insufficient sunlight absorption limit its solar-based photocatalytic activity. Here, we reported the heterojunctions of C{sub 3}N{sub 4}–Cu{sub 2}O with a p–n junction structure, which was synthesized by a hydrothermal method. The HR-TEM result revealed an intimate interface between C{sub 3}N{sub 4} and Cu{sub 2}O in the heterojunction, and UV–vis diffuse reflection spectra showed their extended spectral response in the visible region compared with pure C{sub 3}N{sub 4}. These excellent structural and spectral properties, as well as p–n junction structures, endowed themore » C{sub 3}N{sub 4}–Cu{sub 2}O heterojunctions with enhanced photocatalytic activities. The possible photocatalytic mechanism that photogenerated holes as the mainly oxidant species in photocatalysis was proposed base on the trapping experiments. - Highlights: • A hydrothermal method was used to prepare C3N{sub 4}–Cu{sub 2}O heterojunction. • The resulting heterojunction possesses broader absorption in the visible region. • The material owns a high visible light activity and stability for dye degradation.« less
  • Highlights: • Er-doped Bi{sub 24}O{sub 31}Br{sub 10} have been prepared via a one-pot solvothermal method. • Er doping drastically improves the photocatalytic activity of Bi{sub 24}O{sub 31}Br{sub 10}. • The enhanced activity is attributed to effective electron trapping and up-conversion process resulting from Er{sup 3+}. • Holes and super-oxide radicals are main active species. - Abstract: Erbium (Er) doped Bi{sub 24}O{sub 31}Br{sub 10} samples were successfully prepared by using a solvothermal method. The samples were characterized by XRD, XPS, SEM, TEM, BET, DRS, PL and EIS. The photocatalytic activity was evaluated by the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) and methylmore » orange (MO) under visible light irradiation. The result shows that Er dopant induces a significant improvement in the photocatalytic activity. 1.0% Er–Bi{sub 24}O{sub 31}Br{sub 10} sample exhibits the best photocatalytic performance. The enhanced photocatalytic activity is attributed to the effective trapping of photogenerated electron by Er{sup 3+} ion and the up-conversion process resulting from Er dopant. In addition, it is found that holes and super-oxide radicals play main role in the photocatalytic degradation of RhB and MO.« less
  • Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Pompon-like ZnO-Ag was prepared via heterothermal and photodeposition method. • Pompon-like ZnO-Ag is a excellent photocatalyst for degradation of azo dyes. • The photocatalytic and wetting properties were studied upon UV irradiation. • The discoloring efficiency of ZnO-Ag heterostructure toward to azo dyes is 99.1%. - Abstract: A series of pompon-like ZnO-Ag nanocomposites were prepared by hydrothermal method and photochemical deposition technique. Several characterizations indicated the successful deposition of Ag nanoparticles on ZnO. As a whole, the as-prepared composites present pompon-like nanostructures with a diameter of ∼10 μm. In detail, the nanostructural, chemical and opticalmore » properties were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), ultra-visible spectra (UV). The photocatalytic degradation experiments under UV irradiation using Methyl Orange (MO) as a model dye were executed here. The relative results demonstrated that the pompon-like ZnO-Ag nanocomposite with a suitable content of Ag nanoparticles (about 4.82 wt%) has the highest photochemical activity, and the removal ratio of MO was 99.1% after 0.5 h adsorption and subsequent 2 h photodegradation processes. The excellent photocatalytic performance was attributed to the high surface areas of ZnO nanostructure and effectively separation of photo-generated charge on flower-like ZnO by employing Ag nanoparticles as a conductor.« less