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Title: Ternary arsenides ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) with layered structures

Abstract

The four ternary arsenides ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) were obtained by reaction of the elements at 600–650 °C. They adopt an orthorhombic structure (space group Pnma, Z=4, with cell parameters ranging from a=9.9931(11) Å, b=3.7664(4) Å, c=18.607(2) Å for KGe{sub 3}As{sub 3} to a=10.3211(11) Å, b=4.0917(4) Å, c=19.570(2) Å for RbSn{sub 3}As{sub 3}) containing corrugated [Tt{sub 3}As{sub 3}] layers built from Tt-centred trigonal pyramids and tetrahedra forming five-membered rings decorated with As handles. They can be considered to be Zintl phases with Tt atoms in +4, +3, and +1 oxidation states. Band structure calculations predict that these compounds are semiconductors with narrow band gaps (0.71 eV in KGe{sub 3}As{sub 3}, 0.50 eV in KSn{sub 3}As{sub 3}). - Graphical abstract: Ternary arsenides ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) contain corrugated layers with Tt atoms in three different oxidation states and are narrow band gap semiconductors. Display Omitted - Highlights: • ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) contains Tt atoms in three oxidation states. • The structure differs from NaGe{sub 3}P{sub 3} in terms of layer stacking arrangement. • The compounds are predicted to be narrow band gap semiconductors.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22584124
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 238; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ARSENIDES; ATOMS; CRYSTALS; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; GERMANIUM COMPLEXES; LAYERS; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; OXIDATION; POTASSIUM COMPLEXES; RUBIDIUM COMPLEXES; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SPACE GROUPS; TIN COMPLEXES; VALENCE

Citation Formats

Khatun, Mansura, Stoyko, Stanislav S., and Mar, Arthur, E-mail: arthur.mar@ualberta.ca. Ternary arsenides ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) with layered structures. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.035.
Khatun, Mansura, Stoyko, Stanislav S., & Mar, Arthur, E-mail: arthur.mar@ualberta.ca. Ternary arsenides ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) with layered structures. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.035.
Khatun, Mansura, Stoyko, Stanislav S., and Mar, Arthur, E-mail: arthur.mar@ualberta.ca. 2016. "Ternary arsenides ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) with layered structures". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.035.
@article{osti_22584124,
title = {Ternary arsenides ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) with layered structures},
author = {Khatun, Mansura and Stoyko, Stanislav S. and Mar, Arthur, E-mail: arthur.mar@ualberta.ca},
abstractNote = {The four ternary arsenides ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) were obtained by reaction of the elements at 600–650 °C. They adopt an orthorhombic structure (space group Pnma, Z=4, with cell parameters ranging from a=9.9931(11) Å, b=3.7664(4) Å, c=18.607(2) Å for KGe{sub 3}As{sub 3} to a=10.3211(11) Å, b=4.0917(4) Å, c=19.570(2) Å for RbSn{sub 3}As{sub 3}) containing corrugated [Tt{sub 3}As{sub 3}] layers built from Tt-centred trigonal pyramids and tetrahedra forming five-membered rings decorated with As handles. They can be considered to be Zintl phases with Tt atoms in +4, +3, and +1 oxidation states. Band structure calculations predict that these compounds are semiconductors with narrow band gaps (0.71 eV in KGe{sub 3}As{sub 3}, 0.50 eV in KSn{sub 3}As{sub 3}). - Graphical abstract: Ternary arsenides ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) contain corrugated layers with Tt atoms in three different oxidation states and are narrow band gap semiconductors. Display Omitted - Highlights: • ATt{sub 3}As{sub 3} (A=K, Rb; Tt=Ge, Sn) contains Tt atoms in three oxidation states. • The structure differs from NaGe{sub 3}P{sub 3} in terms of layer stacking arrangement. • The compounds are predicted to be narrow band gap semiconductors.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.035},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 238,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 6
}
  • Three new europium pnictides Eu{sub 2}ZnP{sub 2}, Eu{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}P{sub 3} and Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3} have been synthesized and their structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Eu{sub 2}ZnP{sub 2} is isotypic with Yb{sub 2}CdSb{sub 2} (Cmc2{sub 1} (No. 36); cell parameters a=4.1777(7) Å, b=15.925(3) Å, c=7.3008(12) Å), while the latter two compounds crystallize with the Ba{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}Sb{sub 3} structure type (C2/m (No. 12); cell parameters a=15.653(5)/16.402(1) Å, b=4.127(1)/4.445(4) Å, c=11.552(4)/12.311(1) Å and β=126.647(4)/126.515(7)° for Eu{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}P{sub 3} and Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3}, respectively). Magnetic susceptibility measurements in the interval 5–300 K confirm paramagnetic behavior and effectivemore » magnetic moments characteristic of Eu{sup 2+} ([Xe] 4f{sup 7}) ground states. Temperature-dependent electrical conductivity measurements also prove that Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3} is a semiconducting compound with a narrow band gap of 0.059 eV below 100 K. According to TG/DSC analyses, Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3} starts to decompose at about 950 K. - Graphical abstract: A polyhedral view of the crystal structure of new pnictides Eu{sub 2}T{sub 2}Pn{sub 3} (T=Zn or Cd; Pn=P or As). Display Omitted - Highlights: • Three new ternary pnictide Zintl compounds, Eu{sub 2}ZnP{sub 2}, Eu{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}P{sub 3} and Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3}, have been synthesized and characterized. • The europium cations are divalent and ferromagnetically coupled in both Eu{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}P{sub 3} and Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3}. • Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3} has a very small band gap of 0.06 eV and starts to decompose over 950 K.« less
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