skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A naturally-occurring new lead-based halocuprate(I)

Abstract

Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}I{sub 3} is a new type of halocuprate(I) that is a framework of alternating [Pb{sub 4}(OH){sub 4}]{sup 4+} and [Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6}{sup ]4−} units. The structure has been determined in orthorhombic space group Fddd to R{sub 1}=0.037, wR{sub 2}=0.057, GoF=1.016. Unit cell parameters are a=16.7082(9) Å, b=20.8465(15) Å, c=21.0159(14) Å, V=7320.0(8) Å{sup 3} (Z=32). There is no synthetic counterpart. The structure is based upon a cubane-like Pb{sub 4}(OH){sub 4} nucleus that is coordinated to sixteen iodide ions. Cu{sup +} ions are inserted into pairs of adjacent edge-sharing tetrahedral sites in the iodide motif to form [Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6}]{sup 4-} groups. The Raman spectrum of Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}I{sub 3} has two O-H stretching modes and as such is consistent with space group Fddd, with two non-equivalent OH groups, rather than the related space group I4{sub 1}/acd which has only one non-equivalent OH group. Consideration of the 18-electron rule implies that there is a Cu=Cu double bond, which may be consistent with the short Cu…Cu distance of 2.78 Å, although the dearth of published data on the interpretation of Cu…Cu distances in halocuprate(I) compounds does not allow a clear-cut interpretation of this interatomic distance. The orthorhombic structure is compared withmore » that of the synthetic halocuprate(I) compound Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}BrI{sub 2} with space group I4{sub 1}/acd and having chains of corner-linked CuI{sub 4} tetrahedra rather than isolated Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6} pairs. The paired motif found in Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}I{sub 3} cannot be achieved in space group I4{sub 1}/acd and, conversely, the chain motif cannot be achieved in space group Fddd. As such, the space group defines either a chain or an isolated-pair motif. The existence of Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}I{sub 3} suggests a new class of inorganic halocuprate(I)s based upon the Pb{sub 4}(OH){sub 4} group. - Graphical abstract: Projection onto (100) of the structure of the natural halocuprate(I) Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}I{sub 3} showing the chequerboard alternation of cubane-like [Pb{sub 4}(OH){sub 4}]{sup 4+} and non-polymerised [Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6}]{sup 4−} groups. Pb atoms are black spheres, oxygen atoms are red spheres, iodine atoms are mauve spheres and Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6} groups are shown as paired edge-sharing blue tetrahedra. Display Omitted - Highlights: • A naturally-occurring new inorganic halocuprate(I). • The first natural halocuprate(I). • New structure topology based upon [Pb{sub 4}(OH){sub 4}]{sup 4+} and [Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6}]{sup 4−} groups. • Comparison with synthetic halocuprates suggests tailoring of topology via halogen composition.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Earth Sciences, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD (United Kingdom)
  2. Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0DE (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22584098
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 238; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ATOMS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COPPER IODIDES; COPPER IONS; INTERATOMIC DISTANCES; MINERALS; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; OXYGEN; RAMAN SPECTRA; SPACE GROUPS; TETRAGONAL LATTICES

Citation Formats

Welch, Mark D., Rumsey, Michael S., and Kleppe, Annette K.. A naturally-occurring new lead-based halocuprate(I). United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.005.
Welch, Mark D., Rumsey, Michael S., & Kleppe, Annette K.. A naturally-occurring new lead-based halocuprate(I). United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.005.
Welch, Mark D., Rumsey, Michael S., and Kleppe, Annette K.. 2016. "A naturally-occurring new lead-based halocuprate(I)". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.005.
@article{osti_22584098,
title = {A naturally-occurring new lead-based halocuprate(I)},
author = {Welch, Mark D. and Rumsey, Michael S. and Kleppe, Annette K.},
abstractNote = {Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}I{sub 3} is a new type of halocuprate(I) that is a framework of alternating [Pb{sub 4}(OH){sub 4}]{sup 4+} and [Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6}{sup ]4−} units. The structure has been determined in orthorhombic space group Fddd to R{sub 1}=0.037, wR{sub 2}=0.057, GoF=1.016. Unit cell parameters are a=16.7082(9) Å, b=20.8465(15) Å, c=21.0159(14) Å, V=7320.0(8) Å{sup 3} (Z=32). There is no synthetic counterpart. The structure is based upon a cubane-like Pb{sub 4}(OH){sub 4} nucleus that is coordinated to sixteen iodide ions. Cu{sup +} ions are inserted into pairs of adjacent edge-sharing tetrahedral sites in the iodide motif to form [Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6}]{sup 4-} groups. The Raman spectrum of Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}I{sub 3} has two O-H stretching modes and as such is consistent with space group Fddd, with two non-equivalent OH groups, rather than the related space group I4{sub 1}/acd which has only one non-equivalent OH group. Consideration of the 18-electron rule implies that there is a Cu=Cu double bond, which may be consistent with the short Cu…Cu distance of 2.78 Å, although the dearth of published data on the interpretation of Cu…Cu distances in halocuprate(I) compounds does not allow a clear-cut interpretation of this interatomic distance. The orthorhombic structure is compared with that of the synthetic halocuprate(I) compound Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}BrI{sub 2} with space group I4{sub 1}/acd and having chains of corner-linked CuI{sub 4} tetrahedra rather than isolated Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6} pairs. The paired motif found in Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}I{sub 3} cannot be achieved in space group I4{sub 1}/acd and, conversely, the chain motif cannot be achieved in space group Fddd. As such, the space group defines either a chain or an isolated-pair motif. The existence of Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}I{sub 3} suggests a new class of inorganic halocuprate(I)s based upon the Pb{sub 4}(OH){sub 4} group. - Graphical abstract: Projection onto (100) of the structure of the natural halocuprate(I) Pb{sub 2}Cu(OH){sub 2}I{sub 3} showing the chequerboard alternation of cubane-like [Pb{sub 4}(OH){sub 4}]{sup 4+} and non-polymerised [Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6}]{sup 4−} groups. Pb atoms are black spheres, oxygen atoms are red spheres, iodine atoms are mauve spheres and Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6} groups are shown as paired edge-sharing blue tetrahedra. Display Omitted - Highlights: • A naturally-occurring new inorganic halocuprate(I). • The first natural halocuprate(I). • New structure topology based upon [Pb{sub 4}(OH){sub 4}]{sup 4+} and [Cu{sub 2}I{sub 6}]{sup 4−} groups. • Comparison with synthetic halocuprates suggests tailoring of topology via halogen composition.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2016.03.005},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 238,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 6
}