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Title: Novel 6xHis tagged foot-and-mouth disease virus vaccine bound to nanolipoprotein adjuvant via metal ions provides antigenic distinction and effective protective immunity

Abstract

Here, we engineered two FMD viruses with histidine residues inserted into or fused to the FMDV capsid. Both 6xHis viruses exhibited growth kinetics, plaque morphologies and antigenic characteristics similar to wild-type virus. The 6xHis tag allowed one-step purification of the mutant virions by Co{sup 2+} affinity columns. Electron microscopy and biochemical assays showed that the 6xHis FMDVs readily assembled into antigen: adjuvant complexes in solution, by conjugating with Ni{sup 2+}-chelated nanolipoprotein and monophosphoryl lipid A adjuvant (MPLA:NiNLP). Animals Immunized with the inactivated 6xHis-FMDV:MPLA:NiNLP vaccine acquired enhanced protective immunity against FMDV challenge compared to virions alone. Induction of anti-6xHis and anti-FMDV neutralizing antibodies in the immunized animals could be exploited in the differentiation of vaccinated from infected animals needed for the improvement of FMD control measures. The novel marker vaccine/nanolipid technology described here has broad applications for the development of distinctive and effective immune responses to other pathogens of importance. - Highlights: • 6xHis-tags in A{sub 24} FMDV enable purification and biding to adjuvants via metal ions. • 6xHis A{sub 24} FMDV:MPLA:NiNLP vaccine enhanced protective immunity against FMDV. • Surface exposed capsid tags allow distinction of infected from vaccinated animals.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]; ;  [1];  [4];  [1]
  1. Foreign Animal Disease Research Unit, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Greenport, NY 11944 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Department of Homeland Security, S & T, Targeted Advance Development, Virus, Cellular and Molecular Imaging Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Greenport, NY 11944 (United States)
  4. Physical and Life Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22581699
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Virology; Journal Volume: 495; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ANIMALS; ANTIBODIES; ANTIGENS; CHELATES; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; FEET; HISTIDINE; IMMUNITY; LIPIDS; METALS; ORAL CAVITY; PURIFICATION; VACCINES; VIRAL DISEASES; VIRUSES

Citation Formats

Rai, Devendra K., Segundo, Fayna Diaz-San, Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, CANR, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, Schafer, Elizabeth, Burrage, Thomas G., Rodriguez, Luis L., Santos, Teresa de los, Hoeprich, Paul D., and Rieder, Elizabeth, E-mail: Elizabeth.Rieder@ars.usda.gov. Novel 6xHis tagged foot-and-mouth disease virus vaccine bound to nanolipoprotein adjuvant via metal ions provides antigenic distinction and effective protective immunity. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/J.VIROL.2016.04.027.
Rai, Devendra K., Segundo, Fayna Diaz-San, Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, CANR, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, Schafer, Elizabeth, Burrage, Thomas G., Rodriguez, Luis L., Santos, Teresa de los, Hoeprich, Paul D., & Rieder, Elizabeth, E-mail: Elizabeth.Rieder@ars.usda.gov. Novel 6xHis tagged foot-and-mouth disease virus vaccine bound to nanolipoprotein adjuvant via metal ions provides antigenic distinction and effective protective immunity. United States. doi:10.1016/J.VIROL.2016.04.027.
Rai, Devendra K., Segundo, Fayna Diaz-San, Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, CANR, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, Schafer, Elizabeth, Burrage, Thomas G., Rodriguez, Luis L., Santos, Teresa de los, Hoeprich, Paul D., and Rieder, Elizabeth, E-mail: Elizabeth.Rieder@ars.usda.gov. Mon . "Novel 6xHis tagged foot-and-mouth disease virus vaccine bound to nanolipoprotein adjuvant via metal ions provides antigenic distinction and effective protective immunity". United States. doi:10.1016/J.VIROL.2016.04.027.
@article{osti_22581699,
title = {Novel 6xHis tagged foot-and-mouth disease virus vaccine bound to nanolipoprotein adjuvant via metal ions provides antigenic distinction and effective protective immunity},
author = {Rai, Devendra K. and Segundo, Fayna Diaz-San and Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, CANR, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 and Schafer, Elizabeth and Burrage, Thomas G. and Rodriguez, Luis L. and Santos, Teresa de los and Hoeprich, Paul D. and Rieder, Elizabeth, E-mail: Elizabeth.Rieder@ars.usda.gov},
abstractNote = {Here, we engineered two FMD viruses with histidine residues inserted into or fused to the FMDV capsid. Both 6xHis viruses exhibited growth kinetics, plaque morphologies and antigenic characteristics similar to wild-type virus. The 6xHis tag allowed one-step purification of the mutant virions by Co{sup 2+} affinity columns. Electron microscopy and biochemical assays showed that the 6xHis FMDVs readily assembled into antigen: adjuvant complexes in solution, by conjugating with Ni{sup 2+}-chelated nanolipoprotein and monophosphoryl lipid A adjuvant (MPLA:NiNLP). Animals Immunized with the inactivated 6xHis-FMDV:MPLA:NiNLP vaccine acquired enhanced protective immunity against FMDV challenge compared to virions alone. Induction of anti-6xHis and anti-FMDV neutralizing antibodies in the immunized animals could be exploited in the differentiation of vaccinated from infected animals needed for the improvement of FMD control measures. The novel marker vaccine/nanolipid technology described here has broad applications for the development of distinctive and effective immune responses to other pathogens of importance. - Highlights: • 6xHis-tags in A{sub 24} FMDV enable purification and biding to adjuvants via metal ions. • 6xHis A{sub 24} FMDV:MPLA:NiNLP vaccine enhanced protective immunity against FMDV. • Surface exposed capsid tags allow distinction of infected from vaccinated animals.},
doi = {10.1016/J.VIROL.2016.04.027},
journal = {Virology},
number = ,
volume = 495,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Aug 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Mon Aug 15 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}