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Title: Large-scale uniform ZnO tetrapods on catalyst free glass substrate by thermal evaporation method

Abstract

Highlights: • Investigate the growth of ZnO-Ts on glass substrate by thermal evaporation method. • Glass substrate without any catalyst or a seed layer. • The morphology was controlled by adjusting the temperature of the material and the substrate. • Glass substrate was placed vertically in the quartz tube. - Abstract: Here, we report for the first time the catalyst-free growth of large-scale uniform shape and size ZnO tetrapods on a glass substrate via thermal evaporation method. Three-dimensional networks of ZnO tetrapods have needle–wire junctions, an average leg length of 2.1–2.6 μm, and a diameter of 35–240 nm. The morphology and structure of ZnO tetrapods were investigated by controlling the preparation temperature of each of the Zn powder and the glass substrate under O{sub 2} and Ar gases. Studies were carried out on ZnO tetrapods using X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, UV–vis spectrophotometer, and a photoluminescence. The results showed that the sample grow in the hexagonal wurtzite structure with preferentially oriented along (002) direction, good crystallinity and high transmittance. The band gap value is about 3.27 eV. Photoluminescence spectrum exhibits a very sharp peak at 378 nm and a weak broad green emission.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. School of Physics, USM, 11800 Penang (Malaysia)
  2. Institute of Nano-Optoelectronics Research and Technology Laboratory (INOR), USM, 11800 Penang (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22581573
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 79; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CATALYSTS; EMISSION SPECTRA; EVAPORATION; FIELD EMISSION; GLASS; HEXAGONAL LATTICES; LAYERS; MORPHOLOGY; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; QUARTZ; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECTROPHOTOMETRY; SUBSTRATES; VAPORS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC OXIDES

Citation Formats

Alsultany, Forat H., E-mail: foratusm@gmail.com, Hassan, Z., and Ahmed, Naser M. Large-scale uniform ZnO tetrapods on catalyst free glass substrate by thermal evaporation method. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2016.03.005.
Alsultany, Forat H., E-mail: foratusm@gmail.com, Hassan, Z., & Ahmed, Naser M. Large-scale uniform ZnO tetrapods on catalyst free glass substrate by thermal evaporation method. United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2016.03.005.
Alsultany, Forat H., E-mail: foratusm@gmail.com, Hassan, Z., and Ahmed, Naser M. 2016. "Large-scale uniform ZnO tetrapods on catalyst free glass substrate by thermal evaporation method". United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2016.03.005.
@article{osti_22581573,
title = {Large-scale uniform ZnO tetrapods on catalyst free glass substrate by thermal evaporation method},
author = {Alsultany, Forat H., E-mail: foratusm@gmail.com and Hassan, Z. and Ahmed, Naser M.},
abstractNote = {Highlights: • Investigate the growth of ZnO-Ts on glass substrate by thermal evaporation method. • Glass substrate without any catalyst or a seed layer. • The morphology was controlled by adjusting the temperature of the material and the substrate. • Glass substrate was placed vertically in the quartz tube. - Abstract: Here, we report for the first time the catalyst-free growth of large-scale uniform shape and size ZnO tetrapods on a glass substrate via thermal evaporation method. Three-dimensional networks of ZnO tetrapods have needle–wire junctions, an average leg length of 2.1–2.6 μm, and a diameter of 35–240 nm. The morphology and structure of ZnO tetrapods were investigated by controlling the preparation temperature of each of the Zn powder and the glass substrate under O{sub 2} and Ar gases. Studies were carried out on ZnO tetrapods using X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, UV–vis spectrophotometer, and a photoluminescence. The results showed that the sample grow in the hexagonal wurtzite structure with preferentially oriented along (002) direction, good crystallinity and high transmittance. The band gap value is about 3.27 eV. Photoluminescence spectrum exhibits a very sharp peak at 378 nm and a weak broad green emission.},
doi = {10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2016.03.005},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
number = ,
volume = 79,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}
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