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Title: Dosimetric Characteristics of Wedged Fields

Abstract

The beam characteristics of the wedged fields in the nonwedged planes (planes normal to the wedged planes) were studied for 6 MV and 15 MV x-ray beams. A method was proposed for determining the maximum field length of a wedged field that can be used in the nonwedged plane without introducing undesirable alterations in the dose distributions of these fields. The method requires very few measurements. The relative wedge factors of 6 MV and 15 MV X-rays were determined for wedge filters of nominal wedge angles of 15°, 30°, 45°, and 60° as a function of depth and field size. For a 6 MV beam the relative wedge factors determined for a field size of 10 × 10 cm{sup 2} for 30°, 45°, and 60° wedge filters can be used for various field sizes ranging from 4 cm{sup 2} to 20 cm{sup 2} (except for the 60° wedge for which the maximum field size that can be used is 15 × 20 cm{sup 2}) without introducing errors in the dosimetric calculations of more than 0.5% for depths up to 20 cm and 1% for depths up to 30 cm. For the 15° wedge filter the relative wedge factor for amore » field size of 10 × 10 cm{sup 2} can be used over the same range of field sizes by introducing slightly higher error, 0.5% for depths up to 10 cm and 1% for depths up to 30 cm. For a 15 MV beam the maximum magnitude of the relative wedge factors for 45° and 60° lead wedges is of the order of 1%, and it is not important clinically to apply a correction of that magnitude. For a 15 MV beam the relative wedge factors determined for a field size of 6 × 6 cm{sup 2} for the 15° and 30° steel wedges can be used over a range of field sizes from 4 cm{sup 2} to 20 cm{sup 2} without causing dosimetric errors greater than 0.5% for depths up to 10 cm.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22577833
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Dosimetry; Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright (c) 1994 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; BEAM POSITION; BEAMS; CORRECTIONS; DOSIMETRY; ERRORS; HARDENING; RADIATION DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS; RADIATION DOSES; STEELS

Citation Formats

Sidhu, N.P.S., and Breitman, Karen. Dosimetric Characteristics of Wedged Fields. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/0958-3947(94)90031-0.
Sidhu, N.P.S., & Breitman, Karen. Dosimetric Characteristics of Wedged Fields. United States. doi:10.1016/0958-3947(94)90031-0.
Sidhu, N.P.S., and Breitman, Karen. Thu . "Dosimetric Characteristics of Wedged Fields". United States. doi:10.1016/0958-3947(94)90031-0.
@article{osti_22577833,
title = {Dosimetric Characteristics of Wedged Fields},
author = {Sidhu, N.P.S. and Breitman, Karen},
abstractNote = {The beam characteristics of the wedged fields in the nonwedged planes (planes normal to the wedged planes) were studied for 6 MV and 15 MV x-ray beams. A method was proposed for determining the maximum field length of a wedged field that can be used in the nonwedged plane without introducing undesirable alterations in the dose distributions of these fields. The method requires very few measurements. The relative wedge factors of 6 MV and 15 MV X-rays were determined for wedge filters of nominal wedge angles of 15°, 30°, 45°, and 60° as a function of depth and field size. For a 6 MV beam the relative wedge factors determined for a field size of 10 × 10 cm{sup 2} for 30°, 45°, and 60° wedge filters can be used for various field sizes ranging from 4 cm{sup 2} to 20 cm{sup 2} (except for the 60° wedge for which the maximum field size that can be used is 15 × 20 cm{sup 2}) without introducing errors in the dosimetric calculations of more than 0.5% for depths up to 20 cm and 1% for depths up to 30 cm. For the 15° wedge filter the relative wedge factor for a field size of 10 × 10 cm{sup 2} can be used over the same range of field sizes by introducing slightly higher error, 0.5% for depths up to 10 cm and 1% for depths up to 30 cm. For a 15 MV beam the maximum magnitude of the relative wedge factors for 45° and 60° lead wedges is of the order of 1%, and it is not important clinically to apply a correction of that magnitude. For a 15 MV beam the relative wedge factors determined for a field size of 6 × 6 cm{sup 2} for the 15° and 30° steel wedges can be used over a range of field sizes from 4 cm{sup 2} to 20 cm{sup 2} without causing dosimetric errors greater than 0.5% for depths up to 10 cm.},
doi = {10.1016/0958-3947(94)90031-0},
journal = {Medical Dosimetry},
number = 1,
volume = 19,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Thu Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}