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Title: Giant magnetic coercivity in CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn–Cu) solid solutions

Abstract

The effects of transition metal substitution for Ni on the magnetic properties of the CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn, Fe, Co, Cu) solid solutions have been investigated. SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and SmNi{sub 3}CuSi show ferromagnetic ordering at 125 K, 190 K, 46 K and 12 K and field induced transitions at 65 K, 110 K, 30 K and 6 K, respectively. The magnetocaloric effects of SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn, Fe, Co, Cu) were calculated in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change (ΔS{sub m}). The magnetic entropy ΔS{sub m} reaches value of −1.1 J/kg K at 130 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, −0.4 J/kg K at 180 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, −0.37 J/kg K at 45 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and −0.5 J/kg K at 12 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi in field change of 0–50 kOe around the ferromagnetic ordering temperature. They show positive ΔS{sub m} of +2.4 J/kg K at 30 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, −2.6 J/kg K at 65 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, +0.73 J/kg K at 15 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and −0.5 J/kg K at 6 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi in field change of 0–50 kOe around the metamagnetic-like transition temperature. Below the field induced transitionmore » temperature, SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn, Fe, Co, Cu) exhibits giant magnetic coercivity of 80 kOe at 20 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, 87 kOe at 40 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, 27 kOe at 20 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and 54 kOe at 5 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi. - Graphical abstract: CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and SmNi{sub 3}CuSi show ferromagnetic ordering at 125 K, 190 K, 46 K and 12 K and field induced transitions at 65 K, 110 K, 30 K and 6 K, respectively. The magnetic entropy ΔS{sub m} reaches value of −1.1 J/kg K at 130 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, −0.4 J/kg K at 180 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, −0.37 J/kg K at 45 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and −0.5 J/kg K at 12 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi in field change of 0–50 kOe around the ferromagnetic ordering temperature. They show positive ΔS{sub m} of +2.4 J/kg K at 30 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, −2.6 J/kg K at 65 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, +0.73 J/kg K at 15 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and −0.5 J/kg K at 6 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi in field change of 0–50 kOe around the metamagnetic-like transition temperature. Below the field induced transition temperature, SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn, Fe, Co, Cu) exhibits giant magnetic coercivity of 80 kOe at 20 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, 87 kOe at 40 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, 27 kOe at 20 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and 54 kOe at 5 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi. - Highlights: • CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}{Mn, Fe, Co, Cu}Si exhibit the Curie points at 12–190 K. • SmNi{sub 3}{Mn, Fe, Co, Cu}Si show field induced transition at 6–110 K. • SmNi{sub 3}MnSi shows huge magnetic hysteresis with coercive field of 80 kOe at 20 K. • SmNi{sub 3}FeSi shows huge magnetic hysteresis with coercive field of 87 kOe at 40 K. • SmNi{sub 3}CuSi shows giant coercive field of 54 kOe at 5 K.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Research Center for Solid State Physics and Materials, School of Mathematics and Physics, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215009 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22573980
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 232; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4596
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; COERCIVE FORCE; COPPER COMPOUNDS; CURIE POINT; ENTROPY; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MANGANESE COMPOUNDS; RARE EARTH COMPOUNDS; RARE EARTHS; SOLID SOLUTIONS; SOLIDS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS

Citation Formats

Yao, Jinlei, Yan, Xu, and Morozkin, A.V., E-mail: morozkin@tech.chem.msu.ru. Giant magnetic coercivity in CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn–Cu) solid solutions. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.09.024.
Yao, Jinlei, Yan, Xu, & Morozkin, A.V., E-mail: morozkin@tech.chem.msu.ru. Giant magnetic coercivity in CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn–Cu) solid solutions. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.09.024.
Yao, Jinlei, Yan, Xu, and Morozkin, A.V., E-mail: morozkin@tech.chem.msu.ru. Tue . "Giant magnetic coercivity in CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn–Cu) solid solutions". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.09.024.
@article{osti_22573980,
title = {Giant magnetic coercivity in CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn–Cu) solid solutions},
author = {Yao, Jinlei and Yan, Xu and Morozkin, A.V., E-mail: morozkin@tech.chem.msu.ru},
abstractNote = {The effects of transition metal substitution for Ni on the magnetic properties of the CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn, Fe, Co, Cu) solid solutions have been investigated. SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and SmNi{sub 3}CuSi show ferromagnetic ordering at 125 K, 190 K, 46 K and 12 K and field induced transitions at 65 K, 110 K, 30 K and 6 K, respectively. The magnetocaloric effects of SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn, Fe, Co, Cu) were calculated in terms of isothermal magnetic entropy change (ΔS{sub m}). The magnetic entropy ΔS{sub m} reaches value of −1.1 J/kg K at 130 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, −0.4 J/kg K at 180 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, −0.37 J/kg K at 45 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and −0.5 J/kg K at 12 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi in field change of 0–50 kOe around the ferromagnetic ordering temperature. They show positive ΔS{sub m} of +2.4 J/kg K at 30 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, −2.6 J/kg K at 65 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, +0.73 J/kg K at 15 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and −0.5 J/kg K at 6 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi in field change of 0–50 kOe around the metamagnetic-like transition temperature. Below the field induced transition temperature, SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn, Fe, Co, Cu) exhibits giant magnetic coercivity of 80 kOe at 20 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, 87 kOe at 40 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, 27 kOe at 20 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and 54 kOe at 5 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi. - Graphical abstract: CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and SmNi{sub 3}CuSi show ferromagnetic ordering at 125 K, 190 K, 46 K and 12 K and field induced transitions at 65 K, 110 K, 30 K and 6 K, respectively. The magnetic entropy ΔS{sub m} reaches value of −1.1 J/kg K at 130 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, −0.4 J/kg K at 180 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, −0.37 J/kg K at 45 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and −0.5 J/kg K at 12 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi in field change of 0–50 kOe around the ferromagnetic ordering temperature. They show positive ΔS{sub m} of +2.4 J/kg K at 30 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, −2.6 J/kg K at 65 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, +0.73 J/kg K at 15 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and −0.5 J/kg K at 6 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi in field change of 0–50 kOe around the metamagnetic-like transition temperature. Below the field induced transition temperature, SmNi{sub 3}TSi (T=Mn, Fe, Co, Cu) exhibits giant magnetic coercivity of 80 kOe at 20 K for SmNi{sub 3}MnSi, 87 kOe at 40 K for SmNi{sub 3}FeSi, 27 kOe at 20 K for SmNi{sub 3}CoSi and 54 kOe at 5 K for SmNi{sub 3}CuSi. - Highlights: • CaCu{sub 5}-type SmNi{sub 3}{Mn, Fe, Co, Cu}Si exhibit the Curie points at 12–190 K. • SmNi{sub 3}{Mn, Fe, Co, Cu}Si show field induced transition at 6–110 K. • SmNi{sub 3}MnSi shows huge magnetic hysteresis with coercive field of 80 kOe at 20 K. • SmNi{sub 3}FeSi shows huge magnetic hysteresis with coercive field of 87 kOe at 40 K. • SmNi{sub 3}CuSi shows giant coercive field of 54 kOe at 5 K.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.09.024},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
issn = {0022-4596},
number = ,
volume = 232,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {12}
}