# Coulomb’s law corrections and fermion field localization in a tachyonic de Sitter thick braneworld

## Abstract

Following recent studies which show that it is possible to localize gravity as well as scalar and gauge vector fields in a tachyonic de Sitter thick braneworld, we investigate the solution of the gauge hierarchy problem, the localization of fermion fields in this model, the recovering of the Coulomb law on the non-relativistic limit of the Yukawa interaction between bulk fermions and gauge bosons localized in the brane, and confront the predicted 5D corrections to the photon mass with its upper experimental/observational bounds, finding the model physically viable since it passes these tests. In order to achieve the latter aims we first consider the Yukawa interaction term between the fermionic and the tachyonic scalar fields MF(T)ΨΨ-bar in the action and analyze four distinct tachyonic functions F(T) that lead to four different structures of the respective fermionic mass spectra with different physics. In particular, localization of the massless left-chiral fermion zero mode is possible for three of these cases. We further analyze the phenomenology of these Yukawa interactions among fermion fields and gauge bosons localized on the brane and obtain the crucial and necessary information to compute the corrections to Coulomb’s law coming from massive KK vector modes in the non-relativisticmore »

- Authors:

- Instituto de Física, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla,Apdo. postal J-48, 72570 Puebla, Pue. (Mexico)
- Instituto de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México,Apdo. Postal 48-3, 62251 Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)
- (United Kingdom)
- (Mexico)

- Publication Date:

- Sponsoring Org.:
- SCOAP3, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)

- OSTI Identifier:
- 22572077

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2016; Journal Issue: 05; Other Information: PUBLISHER-ID: JCAP05(2016)026; OAI: oai:repo.scoap3.org:15562; cc-by Article funded by SCOAP3. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACTION INTEGRAL; ASTROPHYSICS; BRANES; COSMOLOGY; COULOMB CORRECTION; DE SITTER GROUP; DE SITTER SPACE; FERMIONS; KALUZA-KLEIN THEORY; MANY-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; MASS SPECTRA; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; PHOTONS; SCALAR FIELDS; STRING THEORY; TACHYONS; VECTOR FIELDS

### Citation Formats

```
Cartas-Fuentevilla, Roberto, Escalante, Alberto, Germán, Gabriel, Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road,Oxford, OX1 3NP, Herrera-Aguilar, Alfredo, Institutode Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo,Edificio C-3, Ciudad Universitaria, CP 58040, Morelia, Michoacán, and Mora-Luna, Refugio Rigel.
```*Coulomb’s law corrections and fermion field localization in a tachyonic de Sitter thick braneworld*. United States: N. p., 2016.
Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2016/05/026.

```
Cartas-Fuentevilla, Roberto, Escalante, Alberto, Germán, Gabriel, Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road,Oxford, OX1 3NP, Herrera-Aguilar, Alfredo, Institutode Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo,Edificio C-3, Ciudad Universitaria, CP 58040, Morelia, Michoacán, & Mora-Luna, Refugio Rigel.
```*Coulomb’s law corrections and fermion field localization in a tachyonic de Sitter thick braneworld*. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2016/05/026.

```
Cartas-Fuentevilla, Roberto, Escalante, Alberto, Germán, Gabriel, Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road,Oxford, OX1 3NP, Herrera-Aguilar, Alfredo, Institutode Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo,Edificio C-3, Ciudad Universitaria, CP 58040, Morelia, Michoacán, and Mora-Luna, Refugio Rigel. Wed .
"Coulomb’s law corrections and fermion field localization in a tachyonic de Sitter thick braneworld". United States.
doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2016/05/026.
```

```
@article{osti_22572077,
```

title = {Coulomb’s law corrections and fermion field localization in a tachyonic de Sitter thick braneworld},

author = {Cartas-Fuentevilla, Roberto and Escalante, Alberto and Germán, Gabriel and Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road,Oxford, OX1 3NP and Herrera-Aguilar, Alfredo and Institutode Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo,Edificio C-3, Ciudad Universitaria, CP 58040, Morelia, Michoacán and Mora-Luna, Refugio Rigel},

abstractNote = {Following recent studies which show that it is possible to localize gravity as well as scalar and gauge vector fields in a tachyonic de Sitter thick braneworld, we investigate the solution of the gauge hierarchy problem, the localization of fermion fields in this model, the recovering of the Coulomb law on the non-relativistic limit of the Yukawa interaction between bulk fermions and gauge bosons localized in the brane, and confront the predicted 5D corrections to the photon mass with its upper experimental/observational bounds, finding the model physically viable since it passes these tests. In order to achieve the latter aims we first consider the Yukawa interaction term between the fermionic and the tachyonic scalar fields MF(T)ΨΨ-bar in the action and analyze four distinct tachyonic functions F(T) that lead to four different structures of the respective fermionic mass spectra with different physics. In particular, localization of the massless left-chiral fermion zero mode is possible for three of these cases. We further analyze the phenomenology of these Yukawa interactions among fermion fields and gauge bosons localized on the brane and obtain the crucial and necessary information to compute the corrections to Coulomb’s law coming from massive KK vector modes in the non-relativistic limit. These corrections are exponentially suppressed due to the presence of the mass gap in the mass spectrum of the bulk gauge vector field. From our results we conclude that corrections to Coulomb’s law in the thin brane limit have the same form (up to a numerical factor) as far as the left-chiral massless fermion field is localized on the brane. Finally we compute the corrections to the Coulomb’s law for an arbitrarily thick brane scenario which can be interpreted as 5D corrections to the photon mass. By performing consistent estimations with brane phenomenology, we found that the predicted corrections to the photon mass, which are well bounded by the experimentally observed or astrophysically inferred photon mass, are far beyond its upper bound, positively testing the viability of our tachyonic braneworld. Moreover, the 5D parameters that define these corrections possess the same order, providing naturalness to our model, however, a fine-tuning between them is needed in order to fit the corresponding upper bound on the photon mass.},

doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2016/05/026},

journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},

number = 05,

volume = 2016,

place = {United States},

year = {Wed May 11 00:00:00 EDT 2016},

month = {Wed May 11 00:00:00 EDT 2016}

}