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Title: SU-E-T-121: Analyzing the Broadening Effect On the Bragg Peak Due to Heterogeneous Geometries and Implementing User-Routines in the Monte-Carlo Code FLUKA in Order to Reduce Computation Time

Abstract

Purpose: Aim of this study was to analyze the modulating, broadening effect on the Bragg Peak due to heterogeneous geometries like multi-wire chambers in the beam path of a particle therapy beam line. The effect was described by a mathematical model which was implemented in the Monte-Carlo code FLUKA via user-routines, in order to reduce the computation time for the simulations. Methods: The depth dose curve of 80 MeV/u C12-ions in a water phantom was calculated using the Monte-Carlo code FLUKA (reference curve). The modulating effect on this dose distribution behind eleven mesh-like foils (periodicity ∼80 microns) occurring in a typical set of multi-wire and dose chambers was mathematically described by optimizing a normal distribution so that the reverence curve convoluted with this distribution equals the modulated dose curve. This distribution describes a displacement in water and was transferred in a probability distribution of the thickness of the eleven foils using the water equivalent thickness of the foil’s material. From this distribution the distribution of the thickness of one foil was determined inversely. In FLUKA the heterogeneous foils were replaced by homogeneous foils and a user-routine was programmed that varies the thickness of the homogeneous foils for each simulated particlemore » using this distribution. Results: Using the mathematical model and user-routine in FLUKA the broadening effect could be reproduced exactly when replacing the heterogeneous foils by homogeneous ones. The computation time was reduced by 90 percent. Conclusion: In this study the broadening effect on the Bragg Peak due to heterogeneous structures was analyzed, described by a mathematical model and implemented in FLUKA via user-routines. Applying these routines the computing time was reduced by 90 percent. The developed tool can be used for any heterogeneous structure in the dimensions of microns to millimeters, in principle even for organic materials like lung tissue.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [1]
  1. Institute of Medical Physics and Radiation Protection (IMPS), Giessen, DE (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22545247
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Medical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0094-2405
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ANIMAL TISSUES; BRAGG CURVE; CARBON 12; DEPTH DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS; LUNGS; MONTE CARLO METHOD; ORGANIC MATTER; PARTICLE BEAMS; PHANTOMS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; SIMULATION; THICKNESS

Citation Formats

Baumann, K, Weber, U, Simeonov, Y, Zink, K, and Department of Radiotherapy and Radiooncology, University Medical Center Giessen-Marburg, Marburg, DE. SU-E-T-121: Analyzing the Broadening Effect On the Bragg Peak Due to Heterogeneous Geometries and Implementing User-Routines in the Monte-Carlo Code FLUKA in Order to Reduce Computation Time. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4924482.
Baumann, K, Weber, U, Simeonov, Y, Zink, K, & Department of Radiotherapy and Radiooncology, University Medical Center Giessen-Marburg, Marburg, DE. SU-E-T-121: Analyzing the Broadening Effect On the Bragg Peak Due to Heterogeneous Geometries and Implementing User-Routines in the Monte-Carlo Code FLUKA in Order to Reduce Computation Time. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4924482.
Baumann, K, Weber, U, Simeonov, Y, Zink, K, and Department of Radiotherapy and Radiooncology, University Medical Center Giessen-Marburg, Marburg, DE. Mon . "SU-E-T-121: Analyzing the Broadening Effect On the Bragg Peak Due to Heterogeneous Geometries and Implementing User-Routines in the Monte-Carlo Code FLUKA in Order to Reduce Computation Time". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4924482.
@article{osti_22545247,
title = {SU-E-T-121: Analyzing the Broadening Effect On the Bragg Peak Due to Heterogeneous Geometries and Implementing User-Routines in the Monte-Carlo Code FLUKA in Order to Reduce Computation Time},
author = {Baumann, K and Weber, U and Simeonov, Y and Zink, K and Department of Radiotherapy and Radiooncology, University Medical Center Giessen-Marburg, Marburg, DE},
abstractNote = {Purpose: Aim of this study was to analyze the modulating, broadening effect on the Bragg Peak due to heterogeneous geometries like multi-wire chambers in the beam path of a particle therapy beam line. The effect was described by a mathematical model which was implemented in the Monte-Carlo code FLUKA via user-routines, in order to reduce the computation time for the simulations. Methods: The depth dose curve of 80 MeV/u C12-ions in a water phantom was calculated using the Monte-Carlo code FLUKA (reference curve). The modulating effect on this dose distribution behind eleven mesh-like foils (periodicity ∼80 microns) occurring in a typical set of multi-wire and dose chambers was mathematically described by optimizing a normal distribution so that the reverence curve convoluted with this distribution equals the modulated dose curve. This distribution describes a displacement in water and was transferred in a probability distribution of the thickness of the eleven foils using the water equivalent thickness of the foil’s material. From this distribution the distribution of the thickness of one foil was determined inversely. In FLUKA the heterogeneous foils were replaced by homogeneous foils and a user-routine was programmed that varies the thickness of the homogeneous foils for each simulated particle using this distribution. Results: Using the mathematical model and user-routine in FLUKA the broadening effect could be reproduced exactly when replacing the heterogeneous foils by homogeneous ones. The computation time was reduced by 90 percent. Conclusion: In this study the broadening effect on the Bragg Peak due to heterogeneous structures was analyzed, described by a mathematical model and implemented in FLUKA via user-routines. Applying these routines the computing time was reduced by 90 percent. The developed tool can be used for any heterogeneous structure in the dimensions of microns to millimeters, in principle even for organic materials like lung tissue.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4924482},
journal = {Medical Physics},
issn = {0094-2405},
number = 6,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {6}
}