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Title: WIMP and SIMP dark matter from the spontaneous breaking of a global group

Abstract

We propose and study a scalar extension of the Standard Model which respects a Z{sub 3} symmetry remnant of the spontaneous breaking of a global U(1){sub DM} symmetry. Consequently, this model has a natural dark matter candidate and a Goldstone boson in the physical spectrum. In addition, the Higgs boson properties are changed with respect to the Standard Model due to the mixing with a new particle. We explore regions in the parameter space taking into account bounds from the measured Higgs properties, dark matter direct detection as well as measurements of the effective number of neutrino species before recombination. The dark matter relic density is determined by three classes of processes: the usual self-annihilation, semi-annihilation and purely dark matter 3 → 2 processes. The latter has been subject of recent interest leading to the so-called 'Strongly Interacting Massive Particle' (SIMP) scenario. We show under which conditions our model can lead to a concrete realization of such scenario and study the possibility that the dark matter self-interactions could address the small scale structure problems. In particular, we find that in order for the SIMP scenario to work, the dark matter mass must be in the range 7−115 MeV, with the global symmetrymore » energy breaking scale in the TeV range.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. ICTP South American Institute for Fundamental Research, Instituto de Física Teórica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, São Paulo (Brazil)
  2. Service de Physique Théorique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Boulevard du Triomphe, CP225, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22525902
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 04; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANNIHILATION; GOLDSTONE BOSONS; HIGGS BOSONS; HIGGS MODEL; MEV RANGE; NEUTRINOS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RECOMBINATION; SCALARS; SPACE; STANDARD MODEL; SYMMETRY; TEV RANGE; U-1 GROUPS; WIMPS

Citation Formats

Bernal, Nicolás, Rosenfeld, Rogério, and Garcia-Cely, Camilo, E-mail: nicolas@ift.unesp.br, E-mail: cgarciac@ulb.ac.de, E-mail: rosenfel@ift.unesp.br. WIMP and SIMP dark matter from the spontaneous breaking of a global group. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/012.
Bernal, Nicolás, Rosenfeld, Rogério, & Garcia-Cely, Camilo, E-mail: nicolas@ift.unesp.br, E-mail: cgarciac@ulb.ac.de, E-mail: rosenfel@ift.unesp.br. WIMP and SIMP dark matter from the spontaneous breaking of a global group. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/012.
Bernal, Nicolás, Rosenfeld, Rogério, and Garcia-Cely, Camilo, E-mail: nicolas@ift.unesp.br, E-mail: cgarciac@ulb.ac.de, E-mail: rosenfel@ift.unesp.br. Wed . "WIMP and SIMP dark matter from the spontaneous breaking of a global group". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/012.
@article{osti_22525902,
title = {WIMP and SIMP dark matter from the spontaneous breaking of a global group},
author = {Bernal, Nicolás and Rosenfeld, Rogério and Garcia-Cely, Camilo, E-mail: nicolas@ift.unesp.br, E-mail: cgarciac@ulb.ac.de, E-mail: rosenfel@ift.unesp.br},
abstractNote = {We propose and study a scalar extension of the Standard Model which respects a Z{sub 3} symmetry remnant of the spontaneous breaking of a global U(1){sub DM} symmetry. Consequently, this model has a natural dark matter candidate and a Goldstone boson in the physical spectrum. In addition, the Higgs boson properties are changed with respect to the Standard Model due to the mixing with a new particle. We explore regions in the parameter space taking into account bounds from the measured Higgs properties, dark matter direct detection as well as measurements of the effective number of neutrino species before recombination. The dark matter relic density is determined by three classes of processes: the usual self-annihilation, semi-annihilation and purely dark matter 3 → 2 processes. The latter has been subject of recent interest leading to the so-called 'Strongly Interacting Massive Particle' (SIMP) scenario. We show under which conditions our model can lead to a concrete realization of such scenario and study the possibility that the dark matter self-interactions could address the small scale structure problems. In particular, we find that in order for the SIMP scenario to work, the dark matter mass must be in the range 7−115 MeV, with the global symmetry energy breaking scale in the TeV range.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/012},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 04,
volume = 2015,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Wed Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}