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Title: Cosmological viability of massive gravity with generalized matter coupling

Abstract

There is a no-go theorem forbidding flat and closed FLRW solutions in massive gravity on a flat reference metric, while open solutions are unstable. Recently it was shown that this no-go theorem can be overcome if at least some matter couples to a hybrid metric composed of both the dynamical and the fixed reference metric. We show that this is not compatible with the standard description of cosmological sources in terms of effective perfect fluids, and the predictions of the theory become sensitive either to the detailed field-theoretical modelling of the matter content or to the presence of additional dark degrees of freedom. This is a serious practical complication. Furthermore, we demonstrate that viable cosmological background evolution with a perfect fluid appears to require the presence of fields with highly contrived properties. This could be improved if the equivalence principle is broken by coupling only some of the fields to the composite metric, but viable self-accelerating solutions due only to the massive graviton are difficult to obtain.

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Rd., Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)
  2. Oskar Klein Center, Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)
  3. Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway)
  4. Nordita, KTH Royal Institute of Technology and Stockholm University, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden)
  5. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22525883
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 04; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COSMOLOGY; COUPLING; DEGREES OF FREEDOM; EQUIVALENCE PRINCIPLE; EVOLUTION; FIELD THEORIES; GRAVITATION; GRAVITONS; IDEAL FLOW; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; METRICS

Citation Formats

Solomon, Adam R., Enander, Jonas, Mörtsell, Edvard, Akrami, Yashar, Koivisto, Tomi S., and Könnig, Frank, E-mail: a.r.solomon@damtp.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: enander@fysik.su.se, E-mail: akrami@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: tomi.koivisto@nordita.org, E-mail: koennig@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: edvard@fysik.su.se. Cosmological viability of massive gravity with generalized matter coupling. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/027.
Solomon, Adam R., Enander, Jonas, Mörtsell, Edvard, Akrami, Yashar, Koivisto, Tomi S., & Könnig, Frank, E-mail: a.r.solomon@damtp.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: enander@fysik.su.se, E-mail: akrami@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: tomi.koivisto@nordita.org, E-mail: koennig@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: edvard@fysik.su.se. Cosmological viability of massive gravity with generalized matter coupling. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/027.
Solomon, Adam R., Enander, Jonas, Mörtsell, Edvard, Akrami, Yashar, Koivisto, Tomi S., and Könnig, Frank, E-mail: a.r.solomon@damtp.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: enander@fysik.su.se, E-mail: akrami@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: tomi.koivisto@nordita.org, E-mail: koennig@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: edvard@fysik.su.se. Wed . "Cosmological viability of massive gravity with generalized matter coupling". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/027.
@article{osti_22525883,
title = {Cosmological viability of massive gravity with generalized matter coupling},
author = {Solomon, Adam R. and Enander, Jonas and Mörtsell, Edvard and Akrami, Yashar and Koivisto, Tomi S. and Könnig, Frank, E-mail: a.r.solomon@damtp.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: enander@fysik.su.se, E-mail: akrami@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: tomi.koivisto@nordita.org, E-mail: koennig@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: edvard@fysik.su.se},
abstractNote = {There is a no-go theorem forbidding flat and closed FLRW solutions in massive gravity on a flat reference metric, while open solutions are unstable. Recently it was shown that this no-go theorem can be overcome if at least some matter couples to a hybrid metric composed of both the dynamical and the fixed reference metric. We show that this is not compatible with the standard description of cosmological sources in terms of effective perfect fluids, and the predictions of the theory become sensitive either to the detailed field-theoretical modelling of the matter content or to the presence of additional dark degrees of freedom. This is a serious practical complication. Furthermore, we demonstrate that viable cosmological background evolution with a perfect fluid appears to require the presence of fields with highly contrived properties. This could be improved if the equivalence principle is broken by coupling only some of the fields to the composite metric, but viable self-accelerating solutions due only to the massive graviton are difficult to obtain.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/027},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 04,
volume = 2015,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Wed Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}