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Title: Form factors for dark matter capture by the Sun in effective theories

Abstract

In the effective theory of isoscalar and isovector dark matter-nucleon interactions mediated by a heavy spin-1 or spin-0 particle, 8 isotope-dependent nuclear response functions can be generated in the dark matter scattering by nuclei. We compute the 8 nuclear response functions for the 16 most abundant elements in the Sun, i.e. H, {sup 3}He, {sup 4}He, {sup 12}C, {sup 14}N, {sup 16}O, {sup 20}Ne, {sup 23}Na, {sup 24}Mg, {sup 27}Al, {sup 28}Si, {sup 32}S, {sup 40}Ar, {sup 40}Ca, {sup 56}Fe, and {sup 59}Ni, through numerical shell model calculations. We use our response functions to compute the rate of dark matter capture by the Sun for all isoscalar and isovector dark matter-nucleon effective interactions, including several operators previously considered for dark matter direct detection only. We study in detail the dependence of the capture rate on specific dark matter-nucleon interaction operators, and on the different elements in the Sun. We find that a so far neglected momentum dependent dark matter coupling to the nuclear vector charge gives a larger contribution to the capture rate than the constant spin-dependent interaction commonly included in dark matter searches at neutrino telescopes. Our investigation lays the foundations for model independent analyses of dark matter inducedmore » neutrino signals from the Sun. The nuclear response functions obtained in this study are listed in analytic form in an appendix, ready to be used in other projects.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22525873
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 04; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALUMINIUM 27; ARGON 40; CALCIUM 40; CAPTURE; CARBON 12; ELEMENT ABUNDANCE; FORM FACTORS; ISOVECTORS; MAGNESIUM 24; NEON 20; NEUTRINOS; NICKEL 59; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RESPONSE FUNCTIONS; SCATTERING; SILICON 28; SULFUR 32; SUN; TELESCOPES

Citation Formats

Catena, Riccardo, and Schwabe, Bodo, E-mail: riccardo.catena@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: bodo.schwabe@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de. Form factors for dark matter capture by the Sun in effective theories. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/042.
Catena, Riccardo, & Schwabe, Bodo, E-mail: riccardo.catena@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: bodo.schwabe@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de. Form factors for dark matter capture by the Sun in effective theories. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/042.
Catena, Riccardo, and Schwabe, Bodo, E-mail: riccardo.catena@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: bodo.schwabe@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de. Wed . "Form factors for dark matter capture by the Sun in effective theories". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/042.
@article{osti_22525873,
title = {Form factors for dark matter capture by the Sun in effective theories},
author = {Catena, Riccardo and Schwabe, Bodo, E-mail: riccardo.catena@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: bodo.schwabe@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de},
abstractNote = {In the effective theory of isoscalar and isovector dark matter-nucleon interactions mediated by a heavy spin-1 or spin-0 particle, 8 isotope-dependent nuclear response functions can be generated in the dark matter scattering by nuclei. We compute the 8 nuclear response functions for the 16 most abundant elements in the Sun, i.e. H, {sup 3}He, {sup 4}He, {sup 12}C, {sup 14}N, {sup 16}O, {sup 20}Ne, {sup 23}Na, {sup 24}Mg, {sup 27}Al, {sup 28}Si, {sup 32}S, {sup 40}Ar, {sup 40}Ca, {sup 56}Fe, and {sup 59}Ni, through numerical shell model calculations. We use our response functions to compute the rate of dark matter capture by the Sun for all isoscalar and isovector dark matter-nucleon effective interactions, including several operators previously considered for dark matter direct detection only. We study in detail the dependence of the capture rate on specific dark matter-nucleon interaction operators, and on the different elements in the Sun. We find that a so far neglected momentum dependent dark matter coupling to the nuclear vector charge gives a larger contribution to the capture rate than the constant spin-dependent interaction commonly included in dark matter searches at neutrino telescopes. Our investigation lays the foundations for model independent analyses of dark matter induced neutrino signals from the Sun. The nuclear response functions obtained in this study are listed in analytic form in an appendix, ready to be used in other projects.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2015/04/042},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 04,
volume = 2015,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Wed Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}