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Title: ON THE POLAR CAP CASCADE PAIR MULTIPLICITY OF YOUNG PULSARS

Abstract

We study the efficiency of pair production in polar caps of young pulsars under a variety of conditions to estimate the maximum possible multiplicity of pair plasma in pulsar magnetospheres. We develop a semi-analytic model for calculation of cascade multiplicity which allows efficient exploration of the parameter space and corroborate it with direct numerical simulations. Pair creation processes are considered separately from particle acceleration in order to assess different factors affecting cascade efficiency, with acceleration of primary particles described by recent self-consistent non-stationary model of pair cascades. We argue that the most efficient cascades operate in the curvature radiation/synchrotron regime, the maximum multiplicity of pair plasma in pulsar magnetospheres is ∼few × 10{sup 5}. The multiplicity of pair plasma in magnetospheres of young energetic pulsars weakly depends on the strength of the magnetic field and the radius of curvature of magnetic field lines and has a stronger dependence on pulsar inclination angle. This result questions assumptions about very high pair plasma multiplicity in theories of pulsar wind nebulae.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Astrophysics Science Division, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22525444
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 810; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCELERATION; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; EFFICIENCY; INCLINATION; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MULTIPLICITY; NEBULAE; PLASMA; PULSARS; SPACE; STARS; STELLAR MAGNETOSPHERES; STELLAR WINDS

Citation Formats

Timokhin, A. N., and Harding, A. K., E-mail: andrey.timokhin@nasa.gov. ON THE POLAR CAP CASCADE PAIR MULTIPLICITY OF YOUNG PULSARS. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/144.
Timokhin, A. N., & Harding, A. K., E-mail: andrey.timokhin@nasa.gov. ON THE POLAR CAP CASCADE PAIR MULTIPLICITY OF YOUNG PULSARS. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/144.
Timokhin, A. N., and Harding, A. K., E-mail: andrey.timokhin@nasa.gov. Thu . "ON THE POLAR CAP CASCADE PAIR MULTIPLICITY OF YOUNG PULSARS". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/144.
@article{osti_22525444,
title = {ON THE POLAR CAP CASCADE PAIR MULTIPLICITY OF YOUNG PULSARS},
author = {Timokhin, A. N. and Harding, A. K., E-mail: andrey.timokhin@nasa.gov},
abstractNote = {We study the efficiency of pair production in polar caps of young pulsars under a variety of conditions to estimate the maximum possible multiplicity of pair plasma in pulsar magnetospheres. We develop a semi-analytic model for calculation of cascade multiplicity which allows efficient exploration of the parameter space and corroborate it with direct numerical simulations. Pair creation processes are considered separately from particle acceleration in order to assess different factors affecting cascade efficiency, with acceleration of primary particles described by recent self-consistent non-stationary model of pair cascades. We argue that the most efficient cascades operate in the curvature radiation/synchrotron regime, the maximum multiplicity of pair plasma in pulsar magnetospheres is ∼few × 10{sup 5}. The multiplicity of pair plasma in magnetospheres of young energetic pulsars weakly depends on the strength of the magnetic field and the radius of curvature of magnetic field lines and has a stronger dependence on pulsar inclination angle. This result questions assumptions about very high pair plasma multiplicity in theories of pulsar wind nebulae.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/144},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 810,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Sep 10 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Thu Sep 10 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}
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