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Title: The excess radio background and fast radio transients

Abstract

In the last few years ARCADE 2, combined with older experiments, has detected an additional radio background, measured as a temperature and ranging in frequency from 22 MHz to 10 GHz, not accounted for by known radio sources and the cosmic microwave background. One type of source which has not been considered in the radio background is that of fast transients (those with event times much less than the observing time). We present a simple estimate, and a more detailed calculation, for the contribution of radio transients to the diffuse background. As a timely example, we estimate the contribution from the recently-discovered fast radio bursts (FRBs). Although their contribution is likely 6 or 7 orders of magnitude too small (though there are large uncertainties in FRB parameters) to account for the ARCADE 2 excess, our development is general and so can be applied to any fast transient sources, discovered or yet to be discovered. We estimate parameter values necessary for transient sources to noticeably contribute to the radio background.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22525227
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; COSMIC RADIO SOURCES; GHZ RANGE; MHZ RANGE; RELICT RADIATION; STELLAR ACTIVITY; TRANSIENTS

Citation Formats

Kehayias, John, Kephart, Thomas W., and Weiler, Thomas J., E-mail: john.kehayias@vanderbilt.edu, E-mail: thomas.w.kephart@vanderbilt.edu, E-mail: tom.weiler@vanderbilt.edu. The excess radio background and fast radio transients. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/10/053.
Kehayias, John, Kephart, Thomas W., & Weiler, Thomas J., E-mail: john.kehayias@vanderbilt.edu, E-mail: thomas.w.kephart@vanderbilt.edu, E-mail: tom.weiler@vanderbilt.edu. The excess radio background and fast radio transients. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/10/053.
Kehayias, John, Kephart, Thomas W., and Weiler, Thomas J., E-mail: john.kehayias@vanderbilt.edu, E-mail: thomas.w.kephart@vanderbilt.edu, E-mail: tom.weiler@vanderbilt.edu. Thu . "The excess radio background and fast radio transients". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/10/053.
@article{osti_22525227,
title = {The excess radio background and fast radio transients},
author = {Kehayias, John and Kephart, Thomas W. and Weiler, Thomas J., E-mail: john.kehayias@vanderbilt.edu, E-mail: thomas.w.kephart@vanderbilt.edu, E-mail: tom.weiler@vanderbilt.edu},
abstractNote = {In the last few years ARCADE 2, combined with older experiments, has detected an additional radio background, measured as a temperature and ranging in frequency from 22 MHz to 10 GHz, not accounted for by known radio sources and the cosmic microwave background. One type of source which has not been considered in the radio background is that of fast transients (those with event times much less than the observing time). We present a simple estimate, and a more detailed calculation, for the contribution of radio transients to the diffuse background. As a timely example, we estimate the contribution from the recently-discovered fast radio bursts (FRBs). Although their contribution is likely 6 or 7 orders of magnitude too small (though there are large uncertainties in FRB parameters) to account for the ARCADE 2 excess, our development is general and so can be applied to any fast transient sources, discovered or yet to be discovered. We estimate parameter values necessary for transient sources to noticeably contribute to the radio background.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2015/10/053},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
issn = {1475-7516},
number = 10,
volume = 2015,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}