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Title: Direct detection signatures of self-interacting dark matter with a light mediator

Abstract

Self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) is a simple and well-motivated scenario that could explain long-standing puzzles in structure formation on small scales. If the required self-interaction arises through a light mediator (with mass ∼ 10 MeV) in the dark sector, this new particle must be unstable to avoid overclosing the universe. The decay of the light mediator could happen due to a weak coupling of the hidden and visible sectors, providing new signatures for direct detection experiments. The SIDM nuclear recoil spectrum is more peaked towards low energies compared to the usual case of contact interactions, because the mediator mass is comparable to the momentum transfer of nuclear recoils. We show that the SIDM signal could be distinguished from that of DM particles with contact interactions by considering the time-average energy spectrum in experiments employing different target materials, or the average and modulated spectra in a single experiment. Using current limits from LUX and SuperCDMS, we also derive strong bounds on the mixing parameter between hidden and visible sector.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA, 92507 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA, 92697 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22525219
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COUPLING; ENERGY SPECTRA; MEV RANGE; MOMENTUM TRANSFER; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RECOILS; UNIVERSE; VISIBLE RADIATION

Citation Formats

Nobile, Eugenio Del, Kaplinghat, Manoj, and Yu, Hai-Bo, E-mail: delnobile@physics.ucla.edu, E-mail: mkapling@uci.edu, E-mail: hai-bo.yu@ucr.edu. Direct detection signatures of self-interacting dark matter with a light mediator. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/10/055.
Nobile, Eugenio Del, Kaplinghat, Manoj, & Yu, Hai-Bo, E-mail: delnobile@physics.ucla.edu, E-mail: mkapling@uci.edu, E-mail: hai-bo.yu@ucr.edu. Direct detection signatures of self-interacting dark matter with a light mediator. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/10/055.
Nobile, Eugenio Del, Kaplinghat, Manoj, and Yu, Hai-Bo, E-mail: delnobile@physics.ucla.edu, E-mail: mkapling@uci.edu, E-mail: hai-bo.yu@ucr.edu. Thu . "Direct detection signatures of self-interacting dark matter with a light mediator". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/10/055.
@article{osti_22525219,
title = {Direct detection signatures of self-interacting dark matter with a light mediator},
author = {Nobile, Eugenio Del and Kaplinghat, Manoj and Yu, Hai-Bo, E-mail: delnobile@physics.ucla.edu, E-mail: mkapling@uci.edu, E-mail: hai-bo.yu@ucr.edu},
abstractNote = {Self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) is a simple and well-motivated scenario that could explain long-standing puzzles in structure formation on small scales. If the required self-interaction arises through a light mediator (with mass ∼ 10 MeV) in the dark sector, this new particle must be unstable to avoid overclosing the universe. The decay of the light mediator could happen due to a weak coupling of the hidden and visible sectors, providing new signatures for direct detection experiments. The SIDM nuclear recoil spectrum is more peaked towards low energies compared to the usual case of contact interactions, because the mediator mass is comparable to the momentum transfer of nuclear recoils. We show that the SIDM signal could be distinguished from that of DM particles with contact interactions by considering the time-average energy spectrum in experiments employing different target materials, or the average and modulated spectra in a single experiment. Using current limits from LUX and SuperCDMS, we also derive strong bounds on the mixing parameter between hidden and visible sector.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2015/10/055},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
issn = {1475-7516},
number = 10,
volume = 2015,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}