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Title: THE LYMAN ALPHA REFERENCE SAMPLE. V. THE IMPACT OF NEUTRAL ISM KINEMATICS AND GEOMETRY ON Lyα ESCAPE

Abstract

We present high-resolution far-UV spectroscopy of the 14 galaxies of the Lyα Reference Sample; a sample of strongly star-forming galaxies at low redshifts (0.028 < z < 0.18). We compare the derived properties to global properties derived from multi-band imaging and 21 cm H i interferometry and single-dish observations, as well as archival optical SDSS spectra. Besides the Lyα line, the spectra contain a number of metal absorption features allowing us to probe the kinematics of the neutral ISM and evaluate the optical depth and and covering fraction of the neutral medium as a function of line of sight velocity. Furthermore, we show how this, in combination with the precise determination of systemic velocity and good Lyα spectra, can be used to distinguish a model in which separate clumps together fully cover the background source, from the “picket fence” model named by Heckman et al. We find that no one single effect dominates in governing Lyα radiative transfer and escape. Lyα escape in our sample coincides with a maximum velocity-binned covering fraction of ≲0.9 and bulk outflow velocities of ≳50 km s{sup −1}, although a number of galaxies show these characteristics and yet little or no Lyα escape. We findmore » that Lyα peak velocities, where available, are not consistent with a strong backscattered component, but rather with a simpler model of an intrinsic emission line overlaid by a blueshifted absorption profile from the outflowing wind. Finally, we find a strong anticorrelation between Hα equivalent width and maximum velocity-binned covering factor, and propose a heuristic explanatory model.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];
  1. Department of Astronomy, Oskar Klein Centre, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Centre, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)
  2. Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Boční II, CZ-14131 Prague (Czech Republic)
  3. Geneva Observatory, University of Geneva, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, CH-1290 Versoix (Switzerland)
  4. Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC–INTA), Departamento de Astrofísica, P.O. Box 78, E-28691 Villanueva de la Cañada (Spain)
  5. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Macalester College, 1600 Grand Avenue, Saint Paul, MN 55105 (United States)
  6. Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 106, B. C. 22800 Ensenada (Mexico)
  7. Laboratoire d’Astrophysique, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Observatoire, CH-1290 Sauverny (Switzerland)
  8. Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany)
  9. Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095 CNRS and UPMC, 98 bis Bd Arago, F-75014 Paris (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22522416
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 805; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COSMOLOGY; EMISSION SPECTRA; FAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GALAXIES; INTERFEROMETRY; LYMAN LINES; PROBES; RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER; RED SHIFT; RESOLUTION; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Rivera-Thorsen, Thøger E., Hayes, Matthew, Östlin, Göran, Duval, Florent, Sandberg, Andreas, Guaita, Lucia, Adamo, Angela, Orlitová, Ivana, Verhamme, Anne, Schaerer, Daniel, Mas-Hesse, J. Miguel, Cannon, John M., Otí-Floranes, Héctor, Atek, Hakim, Herenz, E. Christian, Kunth, Daniel, E-mail: trive@astro.su.se, and and others. THE LYMAN ALPHA REFERENCE SAMPLE. V. THE IMPACT OF NEUTRAL ISM KINEMATICS AND GEOMETRY ON Lyα ESCAPE. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/805/1/14.
Rivera-Thorsen, Thøger E., Hayes, Matthew, Östlin, Göran, Duval, Florent, Sandberg, Andreas, Guaita, Lucia, Adamo, Angela, Orlitová, Ivana, Verhamme, Anne, Schaerer, Daniel, Mas-Hesse, J. Miguel, Cannon, John M., Otí-Floranes, Héctor, Atek, Hakim, Herenz, E. Christian, Kunth, Daniel, E-mail: trive@astro.su.se, & and others. THE LYMAN ALPHA REFERENCE SAMPLE. V. THE IMPACT OF NEUTRAL ISM KINEMATICS AND GEOMETRY ON Lyα ESCAPE. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/805/1/14.
Rivera-Thorsen, Thøger E., Hayes, Matthew, Östlin, Göran, Duval, Florent, Sandberg, Andreas, Guaita, Lucia, Adamo, Angela, Orlitová, Ivana, Verhamme, Anne, Schaerer, Daniel, Mas-Hesse, J. Miguel, Cannon, John M., Otí-Floranes, Héctor, Atek, Hakim, Herenz, E. Christian, Kunth, Daniel, E-mail: trive@astro.su.se, and and others. Wed . "THE LYMAN ALPHA REFERENCE SAMPLE. V. THE IMPACT OF NEUTRAL ISM KINEMATICS AND GEOMETRY ON Lyα ESCAPE". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/805/1/14.
@article{osti_22522416,
title = {THE LYMAN ALPHA REFERENCE SAMPLE. V. THE IMPACT OF NEUTRAL ISM KINEMATICS AND GEOMETRY ON Lyα ESCAPE},
author = {Rivera-Thorsen, Thøger E. and Hayes, Matthew and Östlin, Göran and Duval, Florent and Sandberg, Andreas and Guaita, Lucia and Adamo, Angela and Orlitová, Ivana and Verhamme, Anne and Schaerer, Daniel and Mas-Hesse, J. Miguel and Cannon, John M. and Otí-Floranes, Héctor and Atek, Hakim and Herenz, E. Christian and Kunth, Daniel, E-mail: trive@astro.su.se and and others},
abstractNote = {We present high-resolution far-UV spectroscopy of the 14 galaxies of the Lyα Reference Sample; a sample of strongly star-forming galaxies at low redshifts (0.028 < z < 0.18). We compare the derived properties to global properties derived from multi-band imaging and 21 cm H i interferometry and single-dish observations, as well as archival optical SDSS spectra. Besides the Lyα line, the spectra contain a number of metal absorption features allowing us to probe the kinematics of the neutral ISM and evaluate the optical depth and and covering fraction of the neutral medium as a function of line of sight velocity. Furthermore, we show how this, in combination with the precise determination of systemic velocity and good Lyα spectra, can be used to distinguish a model in which separate clumps together fully cover the background source, from the “picket fence” model named by Heckman et al. We find that no one single effect dominates in governing Lyα radiative transfer and escape. Lyα escape in our sample coincides with a maximum velocity-binned covering fraction of ≲0.9 and bulk outflow velocities of ≳50 km s{sup −1}, although a number of galaxies show these characteristics and yet little or no Lyα escape. We find that Lyα peak velocities, where available, are not consistent with a strong backscattered component, but rather with a simpler model of an intrinsic emission line overlaid by a blueshifted absorption profile from the outflowing wind. Finally, we find a strong anticorrelation between Hα equivalent width and maximum velocity-binned covering factor, and propose a heuristic explanatory model.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/805/1/14},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 805,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}