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Title: HUNTING FOR SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES IN NEARBY GALAXIES WITH THE HOBBY–EBERLY TELESCOPE

Abstract

We have conducted an optical long-slit spectroscopic survey of 1022 galaxies using the 10 m Hobby–Eberly Telescope (HET) at McDonald Observatory. The main goal of the HET Massive Galaxy Survey (HETMGS) is to find nearby galaxies that are suitable for black hole mass measurements. In order to measure accurately the black hole mass, one should kinematically resolve the region where the black hole dominates the gravitational potential. For most galaxies, this region is much less than an arcsecond. Thus, black hole masses are best measured in nearby galaxies with telescopes that obtain high spatial resolution. The HETMGS focuses on those galaxies predicted to have the largest sphere-of-influence, based on published stellar velocity dispersions or the galaxy fundamental plane. To ensure coverage over galaxy types, the survey targets those galaxies across a face-on projection of the fundamental plane. We present the sample selection and resulting data products from the long-slit observations, including central stellar kinematics and emission line ratios. The full data set, including spectra and resolved kinematics, is available online. Additionally, we show that the current crop of black hole masses are highly biased toward dense galaxies and that especially large disks and low dispersion galaxies are under-represented. This surveymore » provides the necessary groundwork for future systematic black hole mass measurement campaigns.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3]
  1. Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)
  2. Department of Astronomy, The University of Texas at Austin, 2515 Speedway, Stop C1400, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)
  3. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22520217
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 218; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0067-0049
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; BLACK HOLES; CATALOGS; EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY; GALAXIES; GRAVITATIONAL FIELDS; MASS; QUASARS; SPATIAL RESOLUTION; SPHERES; TELESCOPES; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Bosch, Remco C. E. van den, Yıldırım, Akin, Gebhardt, Karl, Walsh, Jonelle L., and Gültekin, Kayhan, E-mail: bosch@mpia.de. HUNTING FOR SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES IN NEARBY GALAXIES WITH THE HOBBY–EBERLY TELESCOPE. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/218/1/10.
Bosch, Remco C. E. van den, Yıldırım, Akin, Gebhardt, Karl, Walsh, Jonelle L., & Gültekin, Kayhan, E-mail: bosch@mpia.de. HUNTING FOR SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES IN NEARBY GALAXIES WITH THE HOBBY–EBERLY TELESCOPE. United States. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/218/1/10.
Bosch, Remco C. E. van den, Yıldırım, Akin, Gebhardt, Karl, Walsh, Jonelle L., and Gültekin, Kayhan, E-mail: bosch@mpia.de. Fri . "HUNTING FOR SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES IN NEARBY GALAXIES WITH THE HOBBY–EBERLY TELESCOPE". United States. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/218/1/10.
@article{osti_22520217,
title = {HUNTING FOR SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES IN NEARBY GALAXIES WITH THE HOBBY–EBERLY TELESCOPE},
author = {Bosch, Remco C. E. van den and Yıldırım, Akin and Gebhardt, Karl and Walsh, Jonelle L. and Gültekin, Kayhan, E-mail: bosch@mpia.de},
abstractNote = {We have conducted an optical long-slit spectroscopic survey of 1022 galaxies using the 10 m Hobby–Eberly Telescope (HET) at McDonald Observatory. The main goal of the HET Massive Galaxy Survey (HETMGS) is to find nearby galaxies that are suitable for black hole mass measurements. In order to measure accurately the black hole mass, one should kinematically resolve the region where the black hole dominates the gravitational potential. For most galaxies, this region is much less than an arcsecond. Thus, black hole masses are best measured in nearby galaxies with telescopes that obtain high spatial resolution. The HETMGS focuses on those galaxies predicted to have the largest sphere-of-influence, based on published stellar velocity dispersions or the galaxy fundamental plane. To ensure coverage over galaxy types, the survey targets those galaxies across a face-on projection of the fundamental plane. We present the sample selection and resulting data products from the long-slit observations, including central stellar kinematics and emission line ratios. The full data set, including spectra and resolved kinematics, is available online. Additionally, we show that the current crop of black hole masses are highly biased toward dense galaxies and that especially large disks and low dispersion galaxies are under-represented. This survey provides the necessary groundwork for future systematic black hole mass measurement campaigns.},
doi = {10.1088/0067-0049/218/1/10},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series},
issn = {0067-0049},
number = 1,
volume = 218,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}