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Title: The use of Compton scattering in detecting anomaly in soil-possible use in pyromaterial detection

Abstract

The Compton scattering is able to determine the signature of land mine detection based on dependency of density anomaly and energy change of scattered photons. In this study, 4.43 MeV gamma of the Am-Be source was used to perform Compton scattering. Two detectors were placed between source with distance of 8 cm and radius of 1.9 cm. Detectors of thallium-doped sodium iodide NaI(TI) was used for detecting gamma ray. There are 9 anomalies used in this simulation. The physical of anomaly is in cylinder form with radius of 10 cm and 8.9 cm height. The anomaly is buried 5 cm deep in the bed soil measured 80 cm radius and 53.5 cm height. Monte Carlo methods indicated the scattering of photons is directly proportional to density of anomalies. The difference between detector response with anomaly and without anomaly namely contrast ratio values are in a linear relationship with density of anomalies. Anomalies of air, wood and water give positive contrast ratio values whereas explosive, sand, concrete, graphite, limestone and polyethylene give negative contrast ratio values. Overall, the contrast ratio values are greater than 2 % for all anomalies. The strong contrast ratios result a good detection capability and distinction between anomalies.

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Defence Science, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur 57000 (Malaysia)
  2. Centre for Foundation Studies, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur 57000 (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22496250
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
AIP Conference Proceedings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1704; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: iNuSTEC2015: International muclear science, technology and engineering conference 2015, Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia), 17-19 Aug 2015; Other Information: (c) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AIR; COMPTON EFFECT; CONCRETES; CYLINDERS; DETECTION; EXPLOSIVES; GAMMA RADIATION; GRAPHITE; HEIGHT; LIMESTONE; MEV RANGE 01-10; MONTE CARLO METHOD; NAI DETECTORS; PHOTONS; POLYETHYLENES; SAND; SIMULATION; SOILS; WATER; WOOD

Citation Formats

Abedin, Ahmad Firdaus Zainal, Ibrahim, Noorddin, Zabidi, Noriza Ahmad, and Demon, Siti Zulaikha Ngah. The use of Compton scattering in detecting anomaly in soil-possible use in pyromaterial detection. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4940078.
Abedin, Ahmad Firdaus Zainal, Ibrahim, Noorddin, Zabidi, Noriza Ahmad, & Demon, Siti Zulaikha Ngah. The use of Compton scattering in detecting anomaly in soil-possible use in pyromaterial detection. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4940078.
Abedin, Ahmad Firdaus Zainal, Ibrahim, Noorddin, Zabidi, Noriza Ahmad, and Demon, Siti Zulaikha Ngah. Fri . "The use of Compton scattering in detecting anomaly in soil-possible use in pyromaterial detection". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4940078.
@article{osti_22496250,
title = {The use of Compton scattering in detecting anomaly in soil-possible use in pyromaterial detection},
author = {Abedin, Ahmad Firdaus Zainal and Ibrahim, Noorddin and Zabidi, Noriza Ahmad and Demon, Siti Zulaikha Ngah},
abstractNote = {The Compton scattering is able to determine the signature of land mine detection based on dependency of density anomaly and energy change of scattered photons. In this study, 4.43 MeV gamma of the Am-Be source was used to perform Compton scattering. Two detectors were placed between source with distance of 8 cm and radius of 1.9 cm. Detectors of thallium-doped sodium iodide NaI(TI) was used for detecting gamma ray. There are 9 anomalies used in this simulation. The physical of anomaly is in cylinder form with radius of 10 cm and 8.9 cm height. The anomaly is buried 5 cm deep in the bed soil measured 80 cm radius and 53.5 cm height. Monte Carlo methods indicated the scattering of photons is directly proportional to density of anomalies. The difference between detector response with anomaly and without anomaly namely contrast ratio values are in a linear relationship with density of anomalies. Anomalies of air, wood and water give positive contrast ratio values whereas explosive, sand, concrete, graphite, limestone and polyethylene give negative contrast ratio values. Overall, the contrast ratio values are greater than 2 % for all anomalies. The strong contrast ratios result a good detection capability and distinction between anomalies.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4940078},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
issn = {0094-243X},
number = 1,
volume = 1704,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}