# SU-E-I-28: Introduction and Investigation of Effective Diameter Ratios as a New Patient Size Metric for Use in CT

## Abstract

Purpose: To introduce and investigate effective diameter ratios as a new patient metric for use in computed tomography protocol selection as a supplement to patient-specific size parameter data. Methods: The metrics of outer effective diameter and inner effective diameter were measured for 7 post-mortem subjects scanned with a standardized chest/abdomen/pelvis (CAP) protocol on a 320-slice MDCT scanner. The outer effective diameter was calculated by obtaining the anterior/posterior and lateral dimensions of the imaged anatomy at the middle of the scan range using Effective Diameter= SQRT(AP height*Lat Width). The inner effective diameter was calculated with the same equation using the AP and Lat dimensions of the anatomy excluding the adipose tissue. The ratio of outer to inner effective diameter was calculated for each subject. A relationship to BMI, weight, and CTDI conversion coefficients was investigated. Results: For the largest subject with BMI of 43.85 kg/m2 and weight of 255 lbs the diameter ratio was calculated as 1.33. For the second largest subject with BMI of 33.5 kg/m2 and weight of 192.4 lbs the diameter ratio was measured as 1.43, indicating a larger percentage of adipose tissue in the second largest subject’s anatomical composition. For the smallest subject at BMI of 17.4more »

- Authors:

- Gainesville, FL (United States)
- Portland, OR (United States)
- Salem Health, Tualatin, OR (United States)
- University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
- UF Health, Gainesville, FL (United States)
- Univ Florida, Jacksonville Beach, FL (United States)
- University of Florida Health Science Center, Gainesville, FL (United States)

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 22493987

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ABDOMEN; ADIPOSE TISSUE; ANATOMY; CHEST; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; IMAGES; METRICS; PATIENTS; PELVIS

### Citation Formats

```
Lamoureux, R, Sinclair, L, Mench, A, Lipnharski, I, Carranza, C, Bidari, S, Cormack, B, Rill, L, and Arreola, M.
```*SU-E-I-28: Introduction and Investigation of Effective Diameter Ratios as a New Patient Size Metric for Use in CT*. United States: N. p., 2015.
Web. doi:10.1118/1.4924025.

```
Lamoureux, R, Sinclair, L, Mench, A, Lipnharski, I, Carranza, C, Bidari, S, Cormack, B, Rill, L, & Arreola, M.
```*SU-E-I-28: Introduction and Investigation of Effective Diameter Ratios as a New Patient Size Metric for Use in CT*. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4924025.

```
Lamoureux, R, Sinclair, L, Mench, A, Lipnharski, I, Carranza, C, Bidari, S, Cormack, B, Rill, L, and Arreola, M. Mon .
"SU-E-I-28: Introduction and Investigation of Effective Diameter Ratios as a New Patient Size Metric for Use in CT". United States.
doi:10.1118/1.4924025.
```

```
@article{osti_22493987,
```

title = {SU-E-I-28: Introduction and Investigation of Effective Diameter Ratios as a New Patient Size Metric for Use in CT},

author = {Lamoureux, R and Sinclair, L and Mench, A and Lipnharski, I and Carranza, C and Bidari, S and Cormack, B and Rill, L and Arreola, M},

abstractNote = {Purpose: To introduce and investigate effective diameter ratios as a new patient metric for use in computed tomography protocol selection as a supplement to patient-specific size parameter data. Methods: The metrics of outer effective diameter and inner effective diameter were measured for 7 post-mortem subjects scanned with a standardized chest/abdomen/pelvis (CAP) protocol on a 320-slice MDCT scanner. The outer effective diameter was calculated by obtaining the anterior/posterior and lateral dimensions of the imaged anatomy at the middle of the scan range using Effective Diameter= SQRT(AP height*Lat Width). The inner effective diameter was calculated with the same equation using the AP and Lat dimensions of the anatomy excluding the adipose tissue. The ratio of outer to inner effective diameter was calculated for each subject. A relationship to BMI, weight, and CTDI conversion coefficients was investigated. Results: For the largest subject with BMI of 43.85 kg/m2 and weight of 255 lbs the diameter ratio was calculated as 1.33. For the second largest subject with BMI of 33.5 kg/m2 and weight of 192.4 lbs the diameter ratio was measured as 1.43, indicating a larger percentage of adipose tissue in the second largest subject’s anatomical composition. For the smallest subject at BMI of 17.4 kg/m2 and weight of 86 lbs a similar tissue composition was indicated as a subject with BMI of 24.2 kg/m2 and weight of 136 lbs as they had the same diameter ratios of 1.11. Conclusion: The diameter ratio proves to contain information about anatomical composition that the BMI and weight alone do not. The utility of this metric is still being examined but could prove useful for determining MDCT techniques and for giving a more in depth detail of the composition of a patient’s body habitus.},

doi = {10.1118/1.4924025},

journal = {Medical Physics},

number = 6,

volume = 42,

place = {United States},

year = {Mon Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2015},

month = {Mon Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2015}

}