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Title: Influence of dimensionality and interface type on optical and electronic properties of CdS/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals—A first-principles study

Abstract

Semiconducting nanocrystals (NCs) have become one of the leading materials in a variety of applications, mainly due to their size tunable band gap and high intensity emission. Their photoluminescence (PL) properties can be notably improved by capping the nanocrystals with a shell of another semiconductor, making core-shell structures. We focus our study on the CdS/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals that are closely related to extensively studied CdSe/CdS NCs, albeit exhibiting rather different photoluminescence properties. We employ density functional theory to investigate the changes in the electronic and optical properties of these nanocrystals with size, core/shell ratio, and interface structure between the core and the shell. We have found that both the lowest unoccupied eigenstate (LUES) and the highest occupied eigenstate (HOES) wavefunction (WF) are localized in the core of the NCs, with the distribution of the LUES WF being more sensitive to the size and the core/shell ratio. We show that the radiative lifetimes are increasing, and the Coulomb interaction energies decrease with increasing NC size. Furthermore, we investigated the electronic and optical properties of the NCs with different interfaces between the core and the shell and different core types. We find that the different interfaces and core types have rather smallmore » influence on the band gaps and the absorption indexes, as well as on the confinement of the HOES and LUES WFs. Also the radiative lifetimes are found to be only slightly influenced by the different structural models. In addition, we compare these results with the previous results for CdSe/CdS NCs, reflecting the different PL properties of these two types of NCs. We argue that the difference in their Coulomb interaction energies is one of the main reasons for their distinct PL properties.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 516, S-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22493173
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION; CADMIUM SELENIDES; CADMIUM SULFIDES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; INTERACTIONS; INTERFACES; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SHELLS; STRUCTURAL MODELS; WAVE FUNCTIONS; ZINC SULFIDES

Citation Formats

Kocevski, V., E-mail: vancho.vk@gmail.com, E-mail: vancho.kocevski@physics.uu.se, Eriksson, O., Gerard, C., Rusz, J., Sarma, D. D., and Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangaluru 560 012. Influence of dimensionality and interface type on optical and electronic properties of CdS/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals—A first-principles study. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4933058.
Kocevski, V., E-mail: vancho.vk@gmail.com, E-mail: vancho.kocevski@physics.uu.se, Eriksson, O., Gerard, C., Rusz, J., Sarma, D. D., & Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangaluru 560 012. Influence of dimensionality and interface type on optical and electronic properties of CdS/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals—A first-principles study. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4933058.
Kocevski, V., E-mail: vancho.vk@gmail.com, E-mail: vancho.kocevski@physics.uu.se, Eriksson, O., Gerard, C., Rusz, J., Sarma, D. D., and Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangaluru 560 012. Wed . "Influence of dimensionality and interface type on optical and electronic properties of CdS/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals—A first-principles study". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4933058.
@article{osti_22493173,
title = {Influence of dimensionality and interface type on optical and electronic properties of CdS/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals—A first-principles study},
author = {Kocevski, V., E-mail: vancho.vk@gmail.com, E-mail: vancho.kocevski@physics.uu.se and Eriksson, O. and Gerard, C. and Rusz, J. and Sarma, D. D. and Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangaluru 560 012},
abstractNote = {Semiconducting nanocrystals (NCs) have become one of the leading materials in a variety of applications, mainly due to their size tunable band gap and high intensity emission. Their photoluminescence (PL) properties can be notably improved by capping the nanocrystals with a shell of another semiconductor, making core-shell structures. We focus our study on the CdS/ZnS core-shell nanocrystals that are closely related to extensively studied CdSe/CdS NCs, albeit exhibiting rather different photoluminescence properties. We employ density functional theory to investigate the changes in the electronic and optical properties of these nanocrystals with size, core/shell ratio, and interface structure between the core and the shell. We have found that both the lowest unoccupied eigenstate (LUES) and the highest occupied eigenstate (HOES) wavefunction (WF) are localized in the core of the NCs, with the distribution of the LUES WF being more sensitive to the size and the core/shell ratio. We show that the radiative lifetimes are increasing, and the Coulomb interaction energies decrease with increasing NC size. Furthermore, we investigated the electronic and optical properties of the NCs with different interfaces between the core and the shell and different core types. We find that the different interfaces and core types have rather small influence on the band gaps and the absorption indexes, as well as on the confinement of the HOES and LUES WFs. Also the radiative lifetimes are found to be only slightly influenced by the different structural models. In addition, we compare these results with the previous results for CdSe/CdS NCs, reflecting the different PL properties of these two types of NCs. We argue that the difference in their Coulomb interaction energies is one of the main reasons for their distinct PL properties.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4933058},
journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
issn = {0021-9606},
number = 16,
volume = 143,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}