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Title: The size and structure of the laser entrance hole in gas-filled hohlraums at the National Ignition Facility

Abstract

At the National Ignition Facility, a thermal X-ray drive is created by laser energy from 192 beams heating the inside walls of a gold cylinder called a “hohlraum.” The x-ray drive heats and implodes a fuel capsule. The laser beams enter the hohlraum via laser entrance holes (LEHs) at each end. The LEH radius decreases as heated plasma from the LEH material blows radially inward but this is largely balanced by hot plasma from the high-intensity region in the center of the LEH pushing radially outward. The x-ray drive on the capsule is deduced by measuring the time evolution and spectra of the x-radiation coming out of the LEH and correcting for geometry and for the radius of the LEH. Previously, the LEH radius was measured using time-integrated images in an x-ray band of 3–5 keV (outside the thermal x-ray region). For gas-filled hohlraums, the measurements showed that the LEH radius is larger than that predicted by the standard High Flux radiation-hydrodynamic model by about 10%. A new platform using a truncated hohlraum (“ViewFactor hohlraum”) is described, which allows time-resolved measurements of the LEH radius at thermal x-ray energies from two views, from outside the hohlraum and from inside the hohlraum.more » These measurements show that the LEH radius closes during the low power part of the pulse but opens up again at peak power. The LEH radius at peak power is larger than that predicted by the models by about 15%–20% and does not change very much with time. In addition, time-resolved images in a >4 keV (non-thermal) x-ray band show a ring of hot, optically thin gold plasma just inside the optically thick LEH plasma. The structure of this plasma varies with time and with Cross Beam Energy Transfer.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1];
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22489938
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CAPSULES; CYLINDERS; ENERGY TRANSFER; GOLD; HEATING; HOT PLASMA; HYDRODYNAMIC MODEL; IMAGES; KEV RANGE; LASER CAVITIES; LASER RADIATION; PEAK LOAD; PHOTON BEAMS; RADIATION FLUX; THERMONUCLEAR FUELS; TIME RESOLUTION; US NATIONAL IGNITION FACILITY; WALLS; X RADIATION; X-RAY SPECTRA

Citation Formats

Schneider, M. B., E-mail: schneider5@llnl.gov, MacLaren, S. A., Widmann, K., Meezan, N. B., Hammer, J. H., Yoxall, B. E., Bell, P. M., Benedetti, L. R., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Dewald, E. L., Döppner, T., Eder, D. C., Edwards, M. J., Hinkel, D. E., Hsing, W. W., Kervin, M. L., Landen, O. L., Lindl, J. D., May, M. J., and others, and. The size and structure of the laser entrance hole in gas-filled hohlraums at the National Ignition Facility. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4937369.
Schneider, M. B., E-mail: schneider5@llnl.gov, MacLaren, S. A., Widmann, K., Meezan, N. B., Hammer, J. H., Yoxall, B. E., Bell, P. M., Benedetti, L. R., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Dewald, E. L., Döppner, T., Eder, D. C., Edwards, M. J., Hinkel, D. E., Hsing, W. W., Kervin, M. L., Landen, O. L., Lindl, J. D., May, M. J., & others, and. The size and structure of the laser entrance hole in gas-filled hohlraums at the National Ignition Facility. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4937369.
Schneider, M. B., E-mail: schneider5@llnl.gov, MacLaren, S. A., Widmann, K., Meezan, N. B., Hammer, J. H., Yoxall, B. E., Bell, P. M., Benedetti, L. R., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Dewald, E. L., Döppner, T., Eder, D. C., Edwards, M. J., Hinkel, D. E., Hsing, W. W., Kervin, M. L., Landen, O. L., Lindl, J. D., May, M. J., and others, and. Tue . "The size and structure of the laser entrance hole in gas-filled hohlraums at the National Ignition Facility". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4937369.
@article{osti_22489938,
title = {The size and structure of the laser entrance hole in gas-filled hohlraums at the National Ignition Facility},
author = {Schneider, M. B., E-mail: schneider5@llnl.gov and MacLaren, S. A. and Widmann, K. and Meezan, N. B. and Hammer, J. H. and Yoxall, B. E. and Bell, P. M. and Benedetti, L. R. and Bradley, D. K. and Callahan, D. A. and Dewald, E. L. and Döppner, T. and Eder, D. C. and Edwards, M. J. and Hinkel, D. E. and Hsing, W. W. and Kervin, M. L. and Landen, O. L. and Lindl, J. D. and May, M. J. and others, and},
abstractNote = {At the National Ignition Facility, a thermal X-ray drive is created by laser energy from 192 beams heating the inside walls of a gold cylinder called a “hohlraum.” The x-ray drive heats and implodes a fuel capsule. The laser beams enter the hohlraum via laser entrance holes (LEHs) at each end. The LEH radius decreases as heated plasma from the LEH material blows radially inward but this is largely balanced by hot plasma from the high-intensity region in the center of the LEH pushing radially outward. The x-ray drive on the capsule is deduced by measuring the time evolution and spectra of the x-radiation coming out of the LEH and correcting for geometry and for the radius of the LEH. Previously, the LEH radius was measured using time-integrated images in an x-ray band of 3–5 keV (outside the thermal x-ray region). For gas-filled hohlraums, the measurements showed that the LEH radius is larger than that predicted by the standard High Flux radiation-hydrodynamic model by about 10%. A new platform using a truncated hohlraum (“ViewFactor hohlraum”) is described, which allows time-resolved measurements of the LEH radius at thermal x-ray energies from two views, from outside the hohlraum and from inside the hohlraum. These measurements show that the LEH radius closes during the low power part of the pulse but opens up again at peak power. The LEH radius at peak power is larger than that predicted by the models by about 15%–20% and does not change very much with time. In addition, time-resolved images in a >4 keV (non-thermal) x-ray band show a ring of hot, optically thin gold plasma just inside the optically thick LEH plasma. The structure of this plasma varies with time and with Cross Beam Energy Transfer.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4937369},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 12,
volume = 22,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {12}
}