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Title: Synthesis and characterization of NiO nanopowder by sol-gel process

Abstract

Preparation of nickel oxide (NiO) nanopowder by sol-gel process has been studied. NiO nanopowders were obtained by sol-gel method by using nickel nitrate hexahydrate and sodium hydroxide and aquadest were used as precursor, agent precipitator and solvent, respectively. The powders were formed by drying at 110°C and followed by heating in the furnace at 400°C for 1.5 hours. The product was obtained black powder. The product was characterized by Energy Dispesive X-ray Fluorescence (ED-XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The ED-XRF pattern shows the composition of NiO produced was 97.1%. The XRD pattern showed NiO forms were produced generally in monoclinic stucture. The crystalline size of NiO was obtained in the range 40-85 nm. SEM micrograph clearly showed that powder had a spherical with uniform distribution size is 0.1-1.0 µm approximately.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Padang State University, Kampus Air Tawar, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, West Sumatera, 25161, Indonesia Email: sherly-kasuma@yahoo.com (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22488940
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
AIP Conference Proceedings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1677; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 5. international conference on mathematics and natural sciences, Bandung (Indonesia), 2-3 Nov 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; DRYING; FLUORESCENCE; FURNACES; HEATING; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; NANOSTRUCTURES; NICKEL NITRATES; NICKEL OXIDES; POWDERS; PRECURSOR; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SODIUM HYDROXIDES; SOL-GEL PROCESS; SOLVENTS; SYNTHESIS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS

Citation Formats

Ningsih, Sherly Kasuma Warda. Synthesis and characterization of NiO nanopowder by sol-gel process. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4930731.
Ningsih, Sherly Kasuma Warda. Synthesis and characterization of NiO nanopowder by sol-gel process. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4930731.
Ningsih, Sherly Kasuma Warda. Wed . "Synthesis and characterization of NiO nanopowder by sol-gel process". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4930731.
@article{osti_22488940,
title = {Synthesis and characterization of NiO nanopowder by sol-gel process},
author = {Ningsih, Sherly Kasuma Warda},
abstractNote = {Preparation of nickel oxide (NiO) nanopowder by sol-gel process has been studied. NiO nanopowders were obtained by sol-gel method by using nickel nitrate hexahydrate and sodium hydroxide and aquadest were used as precursor, agent precipitator and solvent, respectively. The powders were formed by drying at 110°C and followed by heating in the furnace at 400°C for 1.5 hours. The product was obtained black powder. The product was characterized by Energy Dispesive X-ray Fluorescence (ED-XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The ED-XRF pattern shows the composition of NiO produced was 97.1%. The XRD pattern showed NiO forms were produced generally in monoclinic stucture. The crystalline size of NiO was obtained in the range 40-85 nm. SEM micrograph clearly showed that powder had a spherical with uniform distribution size is 0.1-1.0 µm approximately.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4930731},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
issn = {0094-243X},
number = 1,
volume = 1677,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}